Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Month: July 2015

Public transport in Brazil

Public transportation by bus and coach

Road transportation by bus is the most popular transportation in Brazil. Bus transport is highly preferred in Brazil because it is easily affordable by the public. In addition, lack of well established rail system for the public makes, bus transport becomes the most patronized transport in Brazil, with not less than two hundred (200) service providers transporting over one forty million (140,000,000 ) passengers each year.

Bus transport operations system in Brazil

The public transport by bus in Brazil operates on three (3) different levels:

  • Federal level: at this level bus travels across the borders and between different states in Brazil.
  • State level: at this level public transport is made within the state. In other words, bus travels within the state.
  • Municipal level: travel by bus within individual town and cities in Brazil.

Bus transport providers in Brazil

The lists below among others are the main transport providers by bus in Brazil. They are:

  1. A) Pluma
  2. B) Garcia
  3. C) transbrasiliana
  4. D) Nacional Expresso

Public transport by train in Brazil

Passenger rail transport services are very few in Brazil that is why bus transportation is more preferable by the Brazilian to rail transportation. However, the rail transportation system in Brazil is more efficient in cargo transportation. In fact, a large portion of rail transport system is used for cargo transportation.

Rail transport operations system in Brazil

Local trains:

These trains are used for regional transportation to some metropolitan suburbs, small interior towns and the coast.

National trains:

National trains operate across the cities in Brazil, people and goods are moved from one city to another by national trains, however, Sao Paulo State has no rail network that links the state with other cities aside from Sao Paulo State.

International trains:

Brazil has international trains that link the country with other countries that share border with Brazil. However, out of ten (10) countries that Brazil shares border with only three (3) of them can be reached by rail transport. The three countries are Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia.

Local trains:

Brazil also has local trains that are used for regional transport to some metropolitan suburbs, small interior towns and the coast.

In conclusion, having considering the rail transport operations in Brazil, it is glaring that the rail transport system is not a common means of public transport.

Source: AngloINFO

Public transport in Australia

Australia has many forms of transport, for instance, the country has more than 300 airports and not less than 33,819 km railway network. However, the country depends most on road transportation for instance; the number of car ownership in Australia is the second highest in the world. For you to determine the most affordable and convenient public transport option for any journey you intend to embark on, in Australia, you need to familiarize yourself with local, regional and cross-country transportation’s option.

Transportation by air in Australia

If you plan to travel long distance either between major cities or different regions in Australia, transportation by air may be the best option for you, the option will enable you to arrive your destination in time.

Transportation by rail in Australia

Rail transport system in Australia is more affordable and well established means of transport either within the state or between two states and across the country. The rail system provides different passes for passengers that allow multiple travel dates for up to ninety (90) days, hence, making the system cheaper and affordable. However, a research report has shown that rail transport system was the main mode of public transport used in Australia cities between 1945 and 2010. Even till today rail transport still remains an efficient means of public transport in Australia.

 

Transportation by bus in Australia (Adelaide city as a case study)

In Adelaide city, Australia Adelaide Metro public transport system is extensively patronized. Here, are some facts about the Adelaide transport service:

  1. The transport service provides transportation service to not less than eighty percent (80%) passengers by bus.
  2. The transport service operates over nine hundred (9,000) scheduled bus every weekday.
  3. Adelaide Metro public transport plies over two hundred routes by bus.
  4. Adelaide city in Australia has over seven thousand five hundred (7,500) bus stops.
  5. A passenger in Adelaide can complete a single journey between modes of transport within two (2) hours by using metro cards. This card is an integrated smartcard ticketing system that allows a passenger to change from one mode of transports e.g. bus, train and tram to another within two hours.
  6. Children less than five (5) years old enjoy free transport at all times, when they are accompanied by an adult. More also, two (2) children less than fifteen (15) years of age can also enjoy free transport when they are also, accompanied by an adult by using a day trip ticket on weekends, school holidays, and public holidays.
  7. Bus is the most easily, accessible transport in Adelaide city.

 

Source: sa.gov.au (Public transport facts)

By: Department of planning Transport and infrastructure

Monorail: Uncommon Transport System in African Countries.

There are different modes of transport viz: Rail transportation, Sea Transportation, Air transportation, Road transportation and Pipeline transportation. However, in road transportation we have three (3) transport systems which are Road transport system, Rail transport system and monorail transport system, in all of these transport modes and systems, monorail is the most unpopular overland transport in developing countries. For instance, one day precisely on 15th of January, 2015. I walked into a particular organization in the Ibadan city where l live, Oyo State, Nigeria, to ask just a question from all the staff and my question on that day was “Do you know monorail or have you heard about monorail before?” In fact, none of them actually know what monorail really is. I was flabbergasted or surprised when some of them started using questions to answer my question, someone asked me, was it a name of a person or thing or what? Many other questions were thrown back to me on that day why they failed completely to answer my own question. However, before and after the said day, I had also asked some people the same question but none of them could actually tell me anything they know about monorail, despite, the fact that, the word monorail is coined from two words “Mono” and “Rail” Mono which refers to one single object and rail which is a popular word used for railway track, one would have expected them to suggest transport or to suppose it to be transport but unfortunately, they could not suggest it to be transport system or think in that direction. This to me, shows, that they have poor understanding on monorail transport system and that is why I need to write about monorail for all my lovely readers.

Rivers State Government Educates Indigenes on Monorail?

However, I cannot blame the said people I interviewed why? It is because is not easy to talk about a thing you have not read, seen or heard before and that was why I found it more important to write an article on monorail. Indeed, monorail is unpopular transport system in African countries.

Nevertheless, in Port-Harcourt city, Rivers State, Nigeria, where I also lived before, the people living there are familiar with the monorail transport system. The government of the state embarked on a monorail project tagged Rivers Monorail. The government of Rivers State organized an educative program on radio and other Medias educating their indigenes on Rivers Monorail system telling them the importance of monorail in Port Harcourt city where the traffic volume is high day by day.

Truly speaking a quite number of people or sizable number of people in developing countries do not have clear understanding of monorail as a viable transport system to compliment mass transit. Hence, monorail is a type of transport which its grade is raised particularly above the ground level. The word grade here simply means the special road or track made or designed for monorail to move or travel on.

The Characteristic of Monorail

Monorail is normally elevated above traffic, above congestion, above pedestrian and above vehicles. In fact, its grade is separated from surface traffic of all kinds, cars, trucks, trains, people, bicycle, motorcycle and so on. So that monorail can run without any interference from other means of transport thereby, improving traffic flow and reducing the accident rate. These are part of the uniqueness of monorail.

Monorail the Safest Transport System

In addition, monorail is the safest transport system because of its grade separation. It cannot for any reason whatsoever collide with cars or other vehicles or run over people or bicycles. In fact, people can ride bike or walk without having to look out for on coming vehicles or train as the case may be for any pedestrian who intends to cross the road or railway track. Monorail actually wraps around single         ” rail” and it cannot derail like I said. Indeed, it is the safest transport for now in the world. It has a low accident rate when you compare it to other transport modes. For instance, the first fatal monorail accident occurred on the 5th of July, 2009, at Walt Disney World in Florida. In fact, it is first fatal accident ever happened in the 38 year history of the monorail system. You can imagine it yourself the number of accidents that might occurred in other modes of transport in 38 years. Therefore, my earlier assertion that monorail is the safest transport system is not a gain saying but a stark truth.

No Noise Pollution in Monorail Transport

More so, monorail does not make any noise on motion unlike cars, articulated vehicles (trailers), buses, air crafts and so on. In fact, it is the most quiet overland transport. It does not produce any harmful noise like that of automobiles or jet airplanes in an environment. Do you know that the noise produced by vehicles and air crafts can be annoying or disturbing a man in his environment? But monorail transport system does not produce such undesirable noise. It is environmental friendly.

Monorail uses Electricity not Fuel.

It is also important to let you know that monorail is electrically powered therefore; a standby power supply is usually made available for its operations. Since it is powered by electricity it does not pollute our environments as we have in road transport and air craft. Hence, it supports the green environment program. However, monorail does not take a wide space as any one may think; its line can be placed in the street within a space of 4 or 5 feet Colum.

Monorail a Viable Public Transport

However, monorail has the capability to move large number of goods and people far more than what a luxurious bus can carry at once without interfering with any other land transport. Indeed, it is a good form of macro transportation. For instance, Walt Disney World monorail transport system in Florida, has one of the highest ridership in the world, it offers service to over 100,000 passengers in each day operations.

 Monorail Operations Around the World

Nevertheless, it is also important to look at some of the countries where mono rail transport system is being used. Therefore, the under listed are the lists of operational monorail in the world and the numbers of their stations.

Country                                                                                 No of station(s)

  1. Australia                                                                                    one
  2. Belgium                                                                                      one
  3. Brazil                                                                                           two
  4. Canada                                                                                        one
  5. China                                                                                           four
  6. Finland                                                                                        one
  7. Germany                                                                                     five
  8. India                                                                                             one
  9. Ireland                                                                                         one
  10. Italy                                                                                               one
  11. Japan                                                                                            ten
  12. Malaysia                                                                                       two
  13. Mexico                                                                                          one
  14. Russian                                                                                         one
  15. Singapore                                                                                     one
  16. South Korea                                                                                 two
  17. Spain                                                                                              one
  18. Thailand                                                                                        one
  19. UAE                                                                                                one
  20. UK                                                                                                   two
  21. USA                                                                                               three
  22. Turkmenistan                                                                               one
  23. South Africa                                                                                  one

However, from the above list, you will notice that Africa has no operational monorail, except in South Africa, this shows that it is uncommon transport in Africa.

However, the following are the proposed monorail in Africa and their stations.

Country                                                                                         no of station(s)

  1. Morocco                                                                                   one

2     Nigeria                                                                                         six  their locations are:   Lagos, Port- Harcourt,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Enugu, Aba, Onitsha and Umaiha.

  1. Ghana                                                                                          one
  2. South Africa                                                                                two
  3. Egypt                                                                                            one
    Monorail Operations Around the World
    Nevertheless, it is also important to look at some of the countries where mono rail transport system is being used. Therefore, the under listed are the lists of operational monorail in the world and the numbers of their stations.
    Country No of station(s)
    1. Australia one
    2. Belgium one
    3. Brazil two
    4. Canada one
    5. China four
    6. Finland one
    7. Germany five
    8. India one
    9. Ireland one
    10. Italy one
    11. Japan ten
    12. Malaysia two
    13. Mexico one
    14. Russian one
    15. Singapore one
    16. South Korea two
    17. Spain one
    18. Thailand one
    19. UAE one
    20. UK two
    21. USA three
    22. Turkmenistan one
    23. South Africa one
    However, from the above list, you will notice that Africa has no operational monorail, except in South Africa, this shows that it is uncommon transport in Africa.
    However, the following are the proposed monorail in Africa and their stations.
    Country no of station(s)
    1. Morocco one
    2 Nigeria six their locations are: Lagos, Port- Harcourt, Enugu, Aba, Onitsha and Umaiha.
    3. Ghana one
    4. South Africa two
    5. Egypt one

Poor Tire Pressure: A common habit among Motorist in Developing Countries.

Do you give much attention to your car’s tire?

Kindly permit me to start this article by asking a question and my question is: how much attention do you really give to your car’s tires as needed? I guess you only give little attention to the tires when they go flat by taking them to the road side vulcanizer to inflate your tires. Many car owners in developing countries do not have much care about their tires that move them all around on the road. Many lives have been lost while many others sustained permanent injuries on motor accidents due to poor maintenance of our tires. If your car tire is poorly managed it will pose a serious danger to the car owner and other road users. This is why this social problem must be eradicated for the benefit of all road users.

Do you know your car manufacture recommended tire pressure?

The truth of the matter is that most drivers or car owners in developing countries do not know the manufacturer recommended tire air pressure that their cars required. This is the bane of the problem. Furthermore, Vista Press and Distribution Logistics Limited (a company base in Nigeria), with the Federal Road Safety corps (a government agency for road safety in Nigeria), carried out a survey and exercise at some motor parks in Nigeria. The result of their survey shows that most vehicle owners or motorists in Nigeria do not know that their vehicle tires have manufacturer recommended safe air pressure. According to the managing Director of the said company, he discovered that most motorists leave the decision about their air pressure in the discretion of the road side vulcanizer or local tire mender or tire repairer, who is completely ignorant about such information. The result is that the vulcanizers almost in all cases over inflate the tire pumping, some to as high as 70psi instead of the recommended Pressure of 35psi he concluded. Source: The Punch Newspaper, Nigeria, Dated: 11/04/2012.

Over pumped or under inflated tire is dangerous.

However, when tires are over pumped it will lead to imprecise handling, in other words, it will be difficult for the drivers to handle such vehicle precisely, as a result of this the driver of such vehicles drive roughly on the road, consequently, it makes the tire’s treads to wear out untimely. Moreover, under inflated tires will reduce your fuel economy, in other words, it will make your vehicle to consume more fuel, in addition, it can also make your tire to generate unusual heat that can damage the life span of your tires. A vehicle with under inflated tires will be difficult for drivers to also handle properly and it may fail at high speed. Therefore, it is wrong and even dangerous if your car tires are over pumped or under inflated. Hence the saying, two wrong things can never make a right. To avoid any likely problem due to over pumped tires or to avoid traffic accident due to under inflated tires, it is advisable as a driver to pay more attention to the manufacturer recommended air pressure. It is also advisable for all motorists to check their vehicles’ tires pressure including their spare tire at least once in a month. This is because tire is expected to lose about one pound of pressure per month through the normal seepage.

 

You need to know the right time to check your tire pressure.

In addition, to know the accurate air pressure in your tires, it is advisable to check the air pressure when the tires are cold and do not fail to follow the manufacturer inflation recommended in your vehicle owners manual or on the tire information label located in the glove box. Nonetheless, due to the influence tire pressure has on vehicle safety and efficiency, it is important for all car owners in developing countries to properly maintain their vehicles tires for the benefit of road users.

 

 

Source: HowStuffWorks

 

 

Airbag can save you from untimely death

You don’t need to die untimely because you ride your car. Virtually everyday people lost their lives in a motor accident around the world. Every fatal accident on the road results to a death of a road user. Hence airbag is able to save your life in such a time.

Air bags in your car are made to reduce the likely harm that may happen to you during collision or accident. It is a safety feature that is designed to protect the occupants or passengers in an accident or collision. When accident occurs air bags are deployed immediately to prevent occupants from being injured, for instance, the air bag will protect you from hitting your head on the steering or dashboard which may hurt you during collision. Hence, with the help of air bag you may hit your head on the air pillow which may not hurt you during                               collision. A report has shown that air bags have reduced the number of deaths and serious injuries from roads accidents. For instance,” according to the Insurance, Institute for Highway Safety, the number of deaths when both seatbelts and air bag were used was 24% less than when only seat belts were used. Hence, the National Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) now require cars made after 1998 to contain both driver side and passenger air bags.” By Bryant.

However, for the airbags to be more effective it is necessary to use seat belt. During collision, the seat belt will hold you firm to your seat while the airbag absorb the force of the impact. Apart from preventing serious injury, they have also saved many lives.

 

 

Type of air bag

There are two types of air bags they are, the frontal airbags and the side-impact airbags. The frontal airbags are meant to prevent the driver and passenger in front from hitting the interior parts of the vehicle while, the side-impact airbags keep the head or the chest from impact.

 

An Air Bag Component

The air bag system is made up of two main components, which are the impact sensor and the air bag module unit. The impact sensor simply senses impacts. If an accident occurs, the impact sensor sends a signal (i.e. an electrical current) to the air bag module unit causing it to deploy in a short space of time. The sensors are located in the front of the car.

The air bag module unit is located in the steering column on the side of the driver and also, in the dashboard on the side of the passenger. This unit is made up of an air inflator assembly, a nylon bag and a breakaway cover. However, the whole sequence between the initial detection of a crash by the sensor and when the air bag is fully deployed happens in a short space of time. This is very important in other to protect the occupants from being injured.

Source: web.bryant.edu

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