Category: road transport (Page 1 of 2)
Toyota Electric car charging its battery. First and foremost, electric car is an electric vehicle that makes use of rechargeable batteries to move the object in a particular direction through one or more electric motors. The electric vehicle is cost effective when compared to other vehicles. In a bid towards zero-emission vehicles, automobile companies have begun to produce electric vehicles in large numbers. For instance, in 2015, RAV4 EV second generation model sold 2,489 units in California in the United States. By September, 2017, Tesia sold over 250,000 electric vehicles globally; in October 2017, Renault, Nissan, and Mitsubishi sold over 500,000 electric vehicles, etc. With the increase in the number of electric vehicles sold, there will be charging stations for the public where electric automobiles can be charged. Nissan Automobile is an example of automobile company producing electric cars in the world e.g. Nissan Leaf, Toyota Rav4 electric vehicle, etc. As at 2018, not less than 5.3 million electric vehicles and plug-in electric vehicles were in use throughout the world. Several nations are now planning to stop the use of fossil oil and diesel powered automobiles in the nearest future. Such countries include Norway by 2025; China by 2030; India by 2030; Germany by 2030; France by 2040 and Britain by 2040. However, there are electric vehicles that use other sources of energy, for instance, there’s an electric vehicle that uses solar panel as the source of its energy, it is called solar car.
According to a worldwide report, over 3,000 adolescents die every day. In Britain in 2015, road accidents killed 145 people aged 10 to 19 and left 3,166 more seriously injured (BBC News https://www.bbc.com/news/health-39920052 https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/ras30-reported-casualties-in-road-accidents#table-ras30028). According to Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2,715 teenage drivers aged between 13 and 19 died in road accidents in 2015. More so, 2,927 teenagers died in road accidents in 2013. (https://www.aceable.com/safe-driving/teen-car-crash-statistics-2/) Road transportation is the highest killer of teenagers in the world (https://www.bbc.com/news/health-39920052). Looking at the rate of road accidents in our contemporary world, mostly in developing countries, it may be difficult to see another mode of transport that will claim the lives of many innocent people, sending them to their early grave as it is in road transportation. Road transportation is inevitable to all as we are all road users. Therefore, there is the need to confront the problem of high rate of road accidents sending the teens to their early grave, with the kind of road safety education that will develop the skills to make use of the road safely and to develop road safety consciousness at their early age. It is important to design model transformational road safety education for the teens that will be taught throughout their school periods, so the whole mind of the child can develop the skills to consider safety first when making use of the road. The more we teach our children road safety education, the more important it becomes for them to make use of the road safely. When we start to educate the teens on road safety as a subject in their schools, and with a growing understanding of road safety, this will allow acute focus and concentration whenever they are making use of the road, mostly with the kids that go to nearby schools without any adult accompanying them. This kind of model education from primary to secondary school will create waking consciousness in them, whenever they attempt to use the road. Without an element of doubt, schools can be used through transformational road safety education to reduce high rate of road accidents affecting quite a number of teenagers, sending them to their early grave at their tender age. It is high time we realized the importance of using the classrooms to model a civilized society on road safety, where a community of responsible teenagers are raised with a mindset of zero tolerance to high rate of road accidents. Hence, the saying ‘Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.’
There are several people around the world living in rural communities where half of them are peasant farmers. Such people mostly in Africa rely most on oldest form of transportation which is walking or trekking, this form of transport limit them to access social amenities while also increase the level of poverty among them, these among others are the likely problems people living in rural areas are likely to face. To this end, introduction of road transport system in rural areas is a major solution for a sustained socio-economic development in such communities; more so, it’s an important means to enhance national integration. However, here are the benefits of providing road transport in rural areas:
- It increases access to market centers, wherefore, encouraging commercial farming activities.
- Access to several rural areas is a sign of improved road network resulting into higher availability of farm inputs at a low price.
- It brings about employment opportunities.
- It increases access to social amenities.
- It plays a vital role of promoting development in rural communities.
- It promotes national integration.
- It is a tool for poverty alleviation.
- It provides continuity in moving people and agric produce from rural communities to urban areas.
- It provides the farmer the opportunity to quickly move perishable commodities to the market centers or places where they are needed.
- It promotes sense of belonging.
The important of transportation at large for economic development of any nation cannot be over emphasized. Without transportation it is difficult if not impossible for a nation to develop, in fact, good transport infrastructures and road network that lead to transport efficiency is a sign of a developed nation. However, as important as all modes of transport are to the economic development of a nation, it is important to note that road transportation still plays an important or unique role to other modes of transportation. Road Transportation and Its Uniqueness Transport modes provide people the opportunity to choose a suitable mode for their journey or products, but road transportation does not only provides opportunity for people to choose rather with good road network, it also complements other modes of transport. This makes it the only indispensable mode to other modes of transport, no any other modes has the keen competitive quality and capacity to perform this significant role of road transport, as to provide extra mile to complete any journey made by other modes of transport. For instance, traveling by air begins and ends at air port; traveling by sea begins and ends at sea port; traveling by railway begin and ends at railway station and while journey on inland waterway begins and ends at jetty or water wharf. However, most of these transport modes lack the capacity to provide door-to-door transport services to passengers hence, road transport provides this extra-mile transport needs to complement each mode, this shows the uniqueness of road transportation. Truly speaking road transport plays vital roles by facilitating movement of people and materials, helping trade and commerce, linking industry and agriculture to market places and open-up of new settlements and more importantly, providing transport needs or services to complement other modes of transport. Nevertheless, as it is noted earlier, good road network is needed to enhance growth and development, therefore, no successful enterprise or developed nation without efficient use of road transportation.
Agriculture still remains the most important industry in the world today; no individual can do without food. Food insecurity in any nation is the beginning of hunger and other related problems such as poor health, kidney disease, eye disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease etc. To be healthy requires good nutritious meals at all times but most people living in a country where there’s food insecurity have to choose inexpensive foods with low nutritional values and with time, these may seriously affect their health. Furthermore, citizens in food insecure nations are likely to suffer for psychological and behavioral health issues while their kids may also have problems in their studies. In a simple term, good food is indispensable; it is a mechanism for building a foundation for good health. Apart from health issues, agriculture generates revenue and also provides jobs, raw materials e.g. cocoa, rubber etc. and more importantly, food for all. Having considered the enormous importance of agriculture to a nation, it is equally important to look at one major factor, among others, that has the potentials to contribute directly to agricultural growth of any nation. This singular factor is road transportation. The importance of road transportation in linking the rural areas of a nation together for agricultural growth cannot be under-emphasized. The connectivity facilitated by road transportation is the most and probably a single important factor that determines the well being and quality life of both the people living in the rural and the urban areas of a nation and more importantly, a potential factor for agricultural growth. Access to various rural communities by road transportation provides relative advantages for agricultural growth. A road investment contributes directly to agricultural growth in various ways you need to know. However, here are the ways: 1. Road transportation is quick, convenient and flexible for both short and long distances for transporting agric produce from villages and other rural communities to where they are needed. 2. Investment on road transportation and infrastructures enable collection from community-to- community or village-to- village delivery. 3. Road transportation plays an important role to complement rail transportation in evacuating large quantity of agric produce from rural communities. Road transport is the only mode that connects various villages and also serves as a link to rail stations. In short, it’s a perfect complementary to rail transport system. 4. Road transportation has a unique benefit to farmers that produce perishable products such as vegetables, tomatoes etc., by helping them move such products quickly to the town or market place where they can be sold. 5. Road transportation system plays a highly significant role in controlling and protecting farms from an epidemic disease that can cause a high rate of mortality or from a destructively numerous pests that can destroy plantation e.g. a plague of locusts. This is possible through the prompt movement of essential insecticides or drugs by road to control such diseases or plagues. 6. In addition, road transport system also plays a very important role in the transportation of agric produce for short and medium distances. 7. Since agricultural produce may be raw materials for cottage industries or serve as food for people, hence, road transportation makes easy contact between farms, industries and markets possible. Having considered the above reasons, it will not be gainsaying that road transport is an indispensable factor for agricultural growth. Hence, road development is essential to bring agricultural products to the market places. Therefore, rural roads have special significance in agricultural growth.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle specially made to move goods from one place to another. Trucks differ in size, power and structure. There are smaller trucks and very powerful large trucks made purposely for commercial purposes to carry specific equipment like fire trucks, concrete mixers trucks, garbage trucks, etc. List of Truck Classification by size a. Ultra Light Truck b. Very Light Truck c. Light Truck d. Medium Truck e. Heavy Truck f. Off Road Trucks Trucks can also be classified according to the specific function of the body they carry. 1. Refrigerator truck: It is a truck with a device that is used to move fresh goods from one place to another. Such goods are frozen items which include: ice cream, food, and vegetables, among others. 2. Box truck: This is a cargo box-like container of a vehicle that is designed to carry goods. It’s often designed or structured in an enclosed box-shape with a door fitted at the back or the side of the truck purposely to load and to off-load cargo. 3. Concrete mixer: It is a truck with a container or body for mixing concrete by rotating in one direction in such a way that all particles therein follow the turning circle at a center point with a common velocity. 4. Dump truck: This is also known as a tipper in some English speaking countries. A dump truck is a truck with an open-box container at its back to carry loose materials like sand, gravel etc. It is also designed with elevation in front of the container to lift it up to a higher position to enable off-loading the contents through the rear fitted door. 5. Flatbed truck: This is a trailer having a flat surface to carry objects or cargo. It is the best vehicle in road transportation to carry both long and short containers from both seaport and railway stations to a desired location. 6. Semi-truck: This is a truck with a long trailer attached to the back of it. 7. Tank truck: This is also known as a tanker truck. It is designed to carry liquid materials such as: water, kerosene, petrol, diesel, among others. Some tank trucks are specially designed to carry gasses and any other hazardous and inflammable materials. 8. Tow truck: This is a truck used to tow away other vehicles that suddenly break down on the road probably due to a serious accident or a mechanical fault. Such trucks are designed with special equipment on its back to tow away stuck vehicles on our public roads. 9. Specialized heavy truck: This is also known as a heavy duty truck designed to be used for very difficult and intensive tasks such as carrying oversized equipment or objects. 10. Off-road heavy truck: This is also a very large truck designed specially to be operated away from the public roads.
xsource: http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-39589153 It is no longer uncommon that road transport is the most used mode of transport in the world. It plays an important role in the social aspect of an individual’s life as well as in the daily economic activities of different industries. The importance of investments in road transportation as an important tool for economic growth, job creation and poverty eradication cannot be over-emphasized in our modern day societies. To this end, a cursory look at certain 10 important benefits of road transportation in our societies will be necessary:
source: http://www.tgi.org.ng/road-transport1. It is an effective means of national marketing. It can be used to bring new products to consumers in any part of a nation. 2. It enhances marketing; most marketers nowadays are given vehicles for effective marketing. 3. It enhances smooth operations of any industries. 4. Road transportation can be employed indirectly to motivate and boost staff morale. How? I guess you may want to ask. This is so when an organization gives their staff official cars and road transport provides carriages for such vehicles to be used and as a result of this, it will definitely motivate and boost their morale. 5. Road transportation can be used to increase customer satisfaction. Why? This is because of its flexibility advantage over other modes of transport; it can be used to deliver products to final consumer by using micro processes in transport management that focuses on implementation of pick-up, delivery and monitoring. 6. The efficient use of road transport can reduce the costs of production thereby increase the organization’s profitability on its products. 7. In production process, smooth and efficient use of road transportation can be used to prevent unnecessary delay and to reduce waste (mostly waste of time) and consequently increase productivity. 8. Road transportation also plays an important role in both inbound and outbound logistics services. The storage and movement of final products from the point of production to the end user and also movement of materials, parts, or finished inventory from suppliers to manufacturers or assembly plants, warehouses or retail stores within a nation are all factors that make road transportation indispensable in logistics services. 9. Road transportation is the most suitable mode for even distribution of different products to final consumers. 10. More importantly the successful management of any enterprise depend on efficient use of road transportation among others.
This consists of a detailed list of considerations to be used in negotiating a set of road standards in an environment. This includes the following: 1. Resource management objectives: These indicate the reasons and purpose a particular road should be built in a particular area. For instance, it may have to do with the economic benefits derivable in such an area when the expected road is constructed e.g. access to rural community for easy transportation of agricultural produce. 2. Physical environmental factors: The topographic, climatic, soil and vegetative characteristics of an area, the physical features of the land as well as the type of road to be constructed and so on must be determined if a road must be built in that area or not. 3. Environmental limitations: There are social-political limitations e.g. erosiveness of soils, difficult geologic conditions, high rainfall. Others include land ownership boundaries, state of the local economy and the public opinion about the given project. 4. Traffic requirements: The average daily traffic should be estimated for different user groups and the traffic volume will also determine the kind of road needed in such an area. 5. Traffic service level
The volume of traffic in an area is often considered in determining the road designs in such an area. However, such factors usually include the following: 1. Number of lanes 2. Turnout spacing 3. Lane widths 4. Type of driving surface 5. Sight distances 6. Design speed 7. Clearance 8. Horizontal and vertical alignments 9. Curve widening 10. Turn around
Oftentimes, one may wonder why some motorists, especially the commercial ones, choose to ply a particular route to carry out their daily activities, as if there are no other routes for them to use. There are reasons why motorists will choose and not to choose a particular route for the same journey. Hence, the saying “there is no smoke without fire.” Also, most of their reasons are for their better advantage. Following are the reasons why drivers choose a particular route for their journey: 1. Speed: This is the rate at which a vehicle travels. Most drivers like to drive their vehicle at a particular speed convenient and safer for them. 2. Travel time: The time at which a driver, mostly a commercial driver, uses to complete a particular journey matters a lot. The route that is full of different obstructions that may cause unnecessary delay, thereby increasing the driver’s travel time will not encourage many motorists to ply such a route. 3. Traffic interruption: Anything that interrupts will discourage the motorists to continue to ply such a route if there is a better alternative. 4. Freedom to maneuver: Drivers will prefer a wide route that will enable them to move their cars easily and carefully probably to overtake or to avoid accidents. Therefore, a road that is very tiny or narrow to maneuver will discourage them. 5. Safety: A road must be free enough from any form of danger, otherwise both the drivers and the passengers would be discouraged to travel on such a road. 6. Driver’s comfort: When a driver travels on a long journey and throughout the journey he feels less worry and more importantly, he feels safe travelling on such a road, undeniably he will be eager to travel again on the road. 7. Convenience: When you drive on a good road, the time and the stress you would have encountered if you are on a bad road would be reduced. 8. Operating cost: Every transport service provider is expected to have practical and economical mindset to manage his business. He must be able to choose the routes that are cost-effective for his business. 9. Business orientation: No commercial vehicle driver will hesitate to travel on a route where he can easily get goods and passengers to carry. Since his business is to carry goods and passengers for economic gain, then it will be unwise of him to abandon a route where his desire can be met. 10. Inevitable route: Every motorist going to their offices and houses will have no choice but to pass through the road that leads to their houses and offices.