Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Category: Uncategorized (Page 2 of 3)

10 Top Logistics Companies in the World: by Owinje Peter.

Logistics is an important factor that contributes to the progress of many organizations around the world. Logistics provides viable supports to enhance the smooth productivities of many organizations. One of the ways among others to increase the productivity of any organization is to engage the service of reputable logistics firm. Logistics provides auxiliary support to an organization the areas of: materials handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, ware housing, and often security. These services are needed for any organization to excel in a competitive world. However, here below are the lists of 10 top logistics firms around the world. The ranking is based on the income of each company.
  1. DHL Logistics: DHL is the number one on the list and one of the international logistics firm from Germany known as Deutsche Post. DHL provides services throughout the world on 4 major areas which are: (a) DHL Express (b) DHL Global Forwarding and (d) DHL Supply Chain. It is also important to note that many people prefer to send their urgent document and goods through DHL because of its efficiency, reliability and door-to-door quick delivery. The company has 325, 000 workers and its revenue in 2014 is $61, 830. 90m.
  2. UPS: The number 2 on the table is UPS. It started its operation as a logistics firm in 19 07, in USA by James Casey. The annual revenue is $58, 232m.
  3. FedEx: in 1971, the company started as Federal Express in US. It has 325,000 workers throughout the world. the company revenue is $45, 567m.
  4. SNCF: Is the French National Railways Company. The full meaning of NSCF is Societe National des Chemins de for Francais. The headquarters of the company is located in Monaco France. It is a state owned company that has 43,000 employees and its revenue is $30, 453. 6m.
  5. Kahn + Nagel: This company was established by August Kuehne and Friedrich Nagel in 1890 in Bremen Germany. The company is number 1 best sea freight forwarder and 2nd best cargo forwarder in the world. The company has more than 63, 000 in over 100 countries and its revenue is $ 22, 530. 64m.
  6. DB Schenter: It is a strong logistics firm and it has 2 major areas which are DB Logistics and DB Red. The company has over 2,000 locations and 95, 700, workers. The company is so viable to the extent that it maintains 32,000 regular schedule services in overland transportation per week and in air transportation, the air freight is not less than 1,200 of its own chartered planes per year. The revenue is $19. 800m.
  7. Nippon Express: It is a Japanese company that was established in 1937. The company has 29 areas of operation and it serves the following regions viz: America; Middle East; Africa; East Asia; South and South East Asia; Oceania and Japan. The staff strength is about 33, 153 workers. Revenue is $14, 061m.
  8. H. Robison: The company was established in 1905. The company carries out its operations 4 areas which are North America, South Africa, Europe and Asia. The logistics firm associates with 66,000 transport providers in order to boost its operations. The revenue is $13, 470. 07m.
  9. Panalpina: The logistics company was established in 1935. The logistics firm has not less than 500 offices in 70 countries. However, the core values of the firm are performance, integrity and professionalism.
  10. CEVA: It is full service transportation and logistics firm that fully provides freight management and contact logistics at 950 locations. Its revenue is $7, 864m.

20 Largest Sea Ports in the World. By Owinje Peter

Rank Name of port Name of Country Total cargo m.tons.2012 Total cargo m.tons.2013
 1 Ningbo-Zhoushan  China  744,000,000  804, 800, 000
2 Shanghai China 736, 000, 000 776, 000, 000
 3 Singapore Singapore 537, 600, 000 560, 883, 900
 4 Tianjin China 476, 000, 000 500, 600, 000
 5 Guangzhou China 434, 000, 000 454, 700, 000
 6  Qingdao China 402, 000, 000 450, 000, 000
 7 Tangshon China 364, 000, 000 446, 200, 000
 8 Rottadam Netherlands 441, 500, 000 440, 464, 000
 9  Datian China 373, 000, 000 408, 400, 000
10 . Yingkou  China 301, 100, 000 330, 000, 000
 11 Rizhao China 281, 000, 000 309, 200, 000
 12  . Port Hedland  Austrialia 246, 672, 059 288, 443, 040
 13 Hong Kong China 269, 282, 000 276, 055, 000
 14 Qinhuangdao China 271, 500, 000 272, 600, 000
 15 Busan South Korea 260, 000, 000 270, 900, 200
16 Shenzhen China 228, 100, 000 234, 000, 000
 17 Xiamen China 172, 000, 000 191, 000, ooo
 18 Antwerp Belgium 184, 136, 000 190, 849, 000
 19 South Louisiana  USA 161, 900, 000 187, 800, 000
 20 .  Port Klang Malaysia 151, 700, 000 152, 000, 000

Road Safety: Individual Responsibility and the Role of Government Inevitable.

Road accident a major cause of death among little children Road safety is described as the methods or the ways designed in other to minimize or reduce the likely risk that a road user may encounter for using the roads. Road safety focuses on prevention of serious injuries and untimely death. It is important to note that road accident has claimed so many lives while many other victims sustained permanent injuries. For instance, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that more than one million people are killed on road accident around the world each year. For example, in 2004 World Health Organization (WHO) published a report that not less than 1.2 million people were killed 50 million injured in traffic collisions on the road around the world each year and it was a major cause of death among little children of age nine to ten (9-10). In addition, in 2007, road accidents claimed 3,267 in three (3) states in Nigeria namely Osun, Ondo, and Oyo State. Source: The Punch Newspaper, Nigeria. A research also shows that one (1) out of five (5) deaths daily comes from road accident. Painfully enough, World Health Organization (WHO) also noted that the problem was most sever in developing countries. This is my major pain and concern, that in developing countries we lose huge number of human capital on our roads and simple prevention measure could have reduced this high number of deaths. Hence, the need for proper road safety measures cannot be over emphasized in road transportation. The irony on Nigeria roads The Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) a national road safety agency responsible for road safety administration in Nigeria, revealed that bad road in Nigeria was not responsible to high mortality in Nigeria. This is because motorists are always cautious whenever, they are driving on a bad road, having realized that speed on a bad road is highly dangerous and that it can damage their cars or lead to a fatal accident hence, they move their vehicles cautiously and slowly as a result of this, high rate of accident and mortality are reduced on the bad road. However, on a good road it was a different game entirely, where motorists on expressway or high way see it as an opportunity to showcase speed, they are less cautious unlike the motorists on the bad road, since it only takes a split of a second for an accident to occur hence, the accident rate are higher on a good road in Nigeria. This is why I personally see road safety to be individual responsibility and it is a primary responsibility for all road users, at least to save one’s life and the lives of other road users. If accident rate could be higher on a good road due to over speeding and careless driving and lesser on a bad road due to cautious driving, then every road user especially the motorists must not throw caution into the air whenever they are using the road. This is the first law we all need to obey to make our roads safer. A clarion call to action Furthermore, since we know that road safety is to encourage safer behavior of all road users in other to reduce the number of people killed or injured on our roads every day. Hence, everyone or every road user is expected to rise up to the task to make our roads safer on their parts. Individual should know the road sign and the traffic rules and put them into practice, motorists must ensure that their vehicles are in good condition before they ply the road, with these, inappropriate conduct or misbehavior of many road users will reduce. Since it is not hurt to be road safety conscious hence, we should see it as a civic duty to make our roads safer in developing countries. My early days in primary school Having talked about road safety as a primary responsibility of an individual, it is important to note that the major responsibility relies on government. Government should ensure that simple road safety education should be part of the school curriculum from primary to secondary school level. This is because road crashes are the leading cause of death among children, (BBC). In addition, according to BBC, road accidents killed 260,000 children in a year and about 10 million injured. Even in higher institution it should be part of general studies (GNS), since our students are also part of the road users hence, the need for road safety education must be considered in all our schools. For example, I remember that I got to know what the each traffic light stands for when I was still in primary school. Our social studies teacher taught us and even composed a song for it and we were made to rehearse the song several times, by this it stuck in our long time memory so, when I got to secondary school and even till now whenever I see a traffic light I know within me that I had the understanding from my primary school days. Therefore, to build a good road safety culture we should start to teach our children simple road safety education in their schools. Government is expected to take a leading role in this regard. Public enlightenment, strict enforcement and provision of necessary infrastructure Are government responsibilities More also, public enlightenment on road safety by the government in developing countries through its agencies must be encouraged e.g. in Nigeria Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), Vehicle Inspection Officer (VIO), National Orientation Agency (NOA) among others are government agencies. All media stations must not be left out in this task. In Nigeria speed limits seems to be a mere suggestion when you see some motorists showcase their over speeding on the road and if they are caught little money is enough to set them free.  Therefore, strict enforcement to ensure compliance to road safety rules and regulations must not be undermined in developing nations, good road development and proper maintenance must not be left out as well, if our roads must be safer. I also noticed that some bridges and roads where necessary in Nigeria lack guard rail these and many others are the responsibilities of the government in developing nations. Conclusion Nevertheless, the importance of road transportation cannot be over emphasized in the growth of any given nation and more importantly highest number of people in any nation depend on road transport for their movement daily hence, the need to make our road safer for all road users is inevitable.  

The responsibilities of a logistics firm

Logistics plays an important role in the growth of industry. Here are its responsibilities.
  1. Order fulfillment: – This has to do with completing the orders of prospective customer in a short period of time. Indeed, transportation and logistics would be any integral part of completing the order since they directly impact delivery.
  2. Traffic and Transportation: – It manages the inbound and outbound movement of goods.
  3. Warehousing and Storage: – A number of ware housing decisions directly impact logistics and transportation. For example, how many warehouses are needed? Where should they be located? How large should they be? How much inventory should each accommodate? These and more are what a logistics firm does in order to provide efficient storage facilities to it various customers.
  4. Industrial Packaging; – Transportation directly determines the type of packaging needed. However, logistics firm plans the exact method of how each type of product will be transferred from one place to another and store properly in the shelf and making space for the new stock.
  5. Purchasing: – When purchase is made the distance and the quantities purchased directly affect the transportation cost hence, logistics are highly integrated.
  6. Demand forecast: – Accurate and reliable fore casting is essential for effective inventory control.
  7. Materials handling: – They have best practices to handle materials most especially during transportation so that they are not damaged.8
  8. It plays important role in inventory control for its customers.
  9. It provides customer service. Logistics plays an extremely important role in ensuring that customers get the right products at the place at the right time. Transportation, warehousing, forecasting, inventory control and so on, have a direct impact on customer’s satisfaction.
  Major Aspect of a Logistics Firm There are two aspects of logistics that are considered as the most important part of logistics. They make logistics firm more meaningful and efficient in its operations. These most apparent aspects are warehousing and transportation. Warehousing and Storage Warehousing is defined as the storage of goods, raw materials, semi-finished goods and finished goods. This includes wide spectrum of facilities and locations that provide warehousing. It is a point in logistics system when goods are stored on certain amount and for different reasons till the time they are needed. This is a point where a logistics company is different from a transport or haulage company. A logistics firm provides transport services and storage facility for its customers. Unlike transport firm which is only dominant in transport service. A logistics firm without a storage facility is meaningless. Such a firm will not attract prospective customers hence; it will be difficult for such firm to survive in a competitive environment. Transportation Transportation involves the physical movement or flow of goods from one area to the other. In logistics the transportation system is the physical links that connects customers, raw materials, suppliers, plants, warehouses, and channel members. Without this link which is transportation, logistics firm will not be effective. It is an integral part of logistics. If a logistics firm must be efficient enough then transport system cannot be separated from it. Transport plays an important role in logistics operations. Therefore, it is inevitable link in logistics.  

Public Transport operations in Spain

Spain has a very good public transport system in most of its major cities. Most cities have enough buses and rail transport that provide efficient transport service to the public. The public transport in Spain is more comfortable and convenient to board. Rail transport operation in cities of Spain The Spanish rail transport system is run by Government Company called Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Espanoles (RENFE). This organization provides service to major cities in Spain. Although it does not provide service to all small towns, however, it is supported by other railways operations like FFCC city lines Barcelona and private railways. However, RENFE uses the AVE trains for its operations, they are fast and efficient in fact, they are among the best train in Europe. However, there are other many local trains that operate on short distance they are known as tranvia i.e. (tram). Also, suburban commuter trains i.e. (cercanias) they are second class service provider and they stop at all stations in Spain. Transportation made by buses in cities of Spain. The local buses in cities of Spain run around the clock, they operate from around 0600 until between 22:00 and midnight. However, midnight transport operation in Spain is more expensive. It is important to know that most local bus services in Spanish cities lack enough seats for passengers to sit hence, most passengers end up in standing for the rest of their journey. It is also, important to note that the buses operating within the urban cities are quite slow, however, to tackle this problem some major cities provide special lanes for buses in order, to enhance smooth and fast transportation. However, most towns in Spain have their bus terminal, nevertheless, whenever you are at a bus stop to board a bus, the bus may not necessarily stop for you unless you indicate your interest to board the bus or you wave to the driver to stop for you.   Transportation by taxi in Spanish cities                                                                                     In Spain you are expected to use taxis that are allowed by the authority to operate within the cities, such taxis often display their special license. Since the taxis are monitored and governed by a strict legislation hence, they provide a very high standard service to the public. However, these public taxis often display a green light when they are free for any passenger to board. The taxis in cities of Spain are metered and they also have a set price for certain journey. However, tipping is their common practice in Spain. Transportation by metro in Spanish cities Metro transport lines are found in Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia. They provide the most fast transport services to get around these cities and during the rush hours, they are highly patronized. However, special tickets are made available for passengers to be used. Such tickets include, cheap day return, a metro card that allows the passengers unlimited use of metro lines for three (3) to five (5) days, and weekly and monthly tickets or passes are also available for passengers. SOURCE:

Public Transport in Canada

Public transport is usually available in all cities and major town in Canada. Buses are the most common public transit in major cities in Canada. However, some cities also have streetcars, light-rail trains or subways. More also, it is possible for a passenger in Canada city to complete a single journey with two (2) or more modes of transport. If you want to use public transport in any of the cities in Canada, you need to purchase a ticket or a transit pass. However, transit passes allow a passenger unlimited use of public transportation for specific period of time e.g. one (1), month two (2) months or more. Moreover, if you plan to use public transport regularly in Canada then, it is advisable to purchase transit passes, this is because they are usually cheaper when you compare it to many tickets. Nevertheless, in most cities in Canada you can get your tickets at major transit stations, convenience stores or from the bus driver and if you need more information about public transport in your city then you need to visit an information kiosk at a main transit station, or calling a transit information line and you may also visit the website of your municipal government. Public Transport by Taxis All cities and towns in Canada have transport companies that provide public transport service to people. It is important to know that taxis in Canada are expensive therefore, if you want to know how much a trip will cost, it is better you ask the driver before the journey commences, this is because taxis have meters that use set rate to calculate the cost of your trip, and they are not negotiable because the rates are fixed. Since, taxis are quite expensive hence; most people in Canada only use them when they do not have any option. However, when you see an official identification card on the dashboard of a taxi, it shows that the taxi driver is licensed by the city.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Two major ways to board a taxi in Canada
  1. You need to make a call for a taxi to pick you up. It is either you call the number of any of the taxis companies or you call the transport department of your municipal government. However, when you call for a taxi, the operator will ask your name and the address of where you are expecting the taxi to pick you up as well as the address of where you are going i.e. your destination.
  2. You can board a taxi by waiting on the street sidewalk for an empty taxi, so when you sight an empty taxi coming to your direction just wave to the driver to stop for you. In addition, you can also board a taxi at a taxi stand.
Source: Transportation in Canada. By: Government of Canada.

Public transport in Brazil

Public transportation by bus and coach Road transportation by bus is the most popular transportation in Brazil. Bus transport is highly preferred in Brazil because it is easily affordable by the public. In addition, lack of well established rail system for the public makes, bus transport becomes the most patronized transport in Brazil, with not less than two hundred (200) service providers transporting over one forty million (140,000,000 ) passengers each year. Bus transport operations system in Brazil The public transport by bus in Brazil operates on three (3) different levels:
  • Federal level: at this level bus travels across the borders and between different states in Brazil.
  • State level: at this level public transport is made within the state. In other words, bus travels within the state.
  • Municipal level: travel by bus within individual town and cities in Brazil.
Bus transport providers in Brazil The lists below among others are the main transport providers by bus in Brazil. They are:
  1. A) Pluma
  2. B) Garcia
  3. C) transbrasiliana
  4. D) Nacional Expresso
Public transport by train in Brazil Passenger rail transport services are very few in Brazil that is why bus transportation is more preferable by the Brazilian to rail transportation. However, the rail transportation system in Brazil is more efficient in cargo transportation. In fact, a large portion of rail transport system is used for cargo transportation. Rail transport operations system in Brazil Local trains: These trains are used for regional transportation to some metropolitan suburbs, small interior towns and the coast. National trains: National trains operate across the cities in Brazil, people and goods are moved from one city to another by national trains, however, Sao Paulo State has no rail network that links the state with other cities aside from Sao Paulo State. International trains: Brazil has international trains that link the country with other countries that share border with Brazil. However, out of ten (10) countries that Brazil shares border with only three (3) of them can be reached by rail transport. The three countries are Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia. Local trains: Brazil also has local trains that are used for regional transport to some metropolitan suburbs, small interior towns and the coast. In conclusion, having considering the rail transport operations in Brazil, it is glaring that the rail transport system is not a common means of public transport. Source: AngloINFO

Monorail: Uncommon Transport System in African Countries.

There are different modes of transport viz: Rail transportation, Sea Transportation, Air transportation, Road transportation and Pipeline transportation. However, in road transportation we have three (3) transport systems which are Road transport system, Rail transport system and monorail transport system, in all of these transport modes and systems, monorail is the most unpopular overland transport in developing countries. For instance, one day precisely on 15th of January, 2015. I walked into a particular organization in the Ibadan city where l live, Oyo State, Nigeria, to ask just a question from all the staff and my question on that day was “Do you know monorail or have you heard about monorail before?” In fact, none of them actually know what monorail really is. I was flabbergasted or surprised when some of them started using questions to answer my question, someone asked me, was it a name of a person or thing or what? Many other questions were thrown back to me on that day why they failed completely to answer my own question. However, before and after the said day, I had also asked some people the same question but none of them could actually tell me anything they know about monorail, despite, the fact that, the word monorail is coined from two words “Mono” and “Rail” Mono which refers to one single object and rail which is a popular word used for railway track, one would have expected them to suggest transport or to suppose it to be transport but unfortunately, they could not suggest it to be transport system or think in that direction. This to me, shows, that they have poor understanding on monorail transport system and that is why I need to write about monorail for all my lovely readers. Rivers State Government Educates Indigenes on Monorail? However, I cannot blame the said people I interviewed why? It is because is not easy to talk about a thing you have not read, seen or heard before and that was why I found it more important to write an article on monorail. Indeed, monorail is unpopular transport system in African countries. Nevertheless, in Port-Harcourt city, Rivers State, Nigeria, where I also lived before, the people living there are familiar with the monorail transport system. The government of the state embarked on a monorail project tagged Rivers Monorail. The government of Rivers State organized an educative program on radio and other Medias educating their indigenes on Rivers Monorail system telling them the importance of monorail in Port Harcourt city where the traffic volume is high day by day. Truly speaking a quite number of people or sizable number of people in developing countries do not have clear understanding of monorail as a viable transport system to compliment mass transit. Hence, monorail is a type of transport which its grade is raised particularly above the ground level. The word grade here simply means the special road or track made or designed for monorail to move or travel on. The Characteristic of Monorail Monorail is normally elevated above traffic, above congestion, above pedestrian and above vehicles. In fact, its grade is separated from surface traffic of all kinds, cars, trucks, trains, people, bicycle, motorcycle and so on. So that monorail can run without any interference from other means of transport thereby, improving traffic flow and reducing the accident rate. These are part of the uniqueness of monorail. Monorail the Safest Transport System In addition, monorail is the safest transport system because of its grade separation. It cannot for any reason whatsoever collide with cars or other vehicles or run over people or bicycles. In fact, people can ride bike or walk without having to look out for on coming vehicles or train as the case may be for any pedestrian who intends to cross the road or railway track. Monorail actually wraps around single         ” rail” and it cannot derail like I said. Indeed, it is the safest transport for now in the world. It has a low accident rate when you compare it to other transport modes. For instance, the first fatal monorail accident occurred on the 5th of July, 2009, at Walt Disney World in Florida. In fact, it is first fatal accident ever happened in the 38 year history of the monorail system. You can imagine it yourself the number of accidents that might occurred in other modes of transport in 38 years. Therefore, my earlier assertion that monorail is the safest transport system is not a gain saying but a stark truth. No Noise Pollution in Monorail Transport More so, monorail does not make any noise on motion unlike cars, articulated vehicles (trailers), buses, air crafts and so on. In fact, it is the most quiet overland transport. It does not produce any harmful noise like that of automobiles or jet airplanes in an environment. Do you know that the noise produced by vehicles and air crafts can be annoying or disturbing a man in his environment? But monorail transport system does not produce such undesirable noise. It is environmental friendly. Monorail uses Electricity not Fuel. It is also important to let you know that monorail is electrically powered therefore; a standby power supply is usually made available for its operations. Since it is powered by electricity it does not pollute our environments as we have in road transport and air craft. Hence, it supports the green environment program. However, monorail does not take a wide space as any one may think; its line can be placed in the street within a space of 4 or 5 feet Colum. Monorail a Viable Public Transport However, monorail has the capability to move large number of goods and people far more than what a luxurious bus can carry at once without interfering with any other land transport. Indeed, it is a good form of macro transportation. For instance, Walt Disney World monorail transport system in Florida, has one of the highest ridership in the world, it offers service to over 100,000 passengers in each day operations.  Monorail Operations Around the World Nevertheless, it is also important to look at some of the countries where mono rail transport system is being used. Therefore, the under listed are the lists of operational monorail in the world and the numbers of their stations. Country                                                                                 No of station(s)
  1. Australia                                                                                    one
  2. Belgium                                                                                      one
  3. Brazil                                                                                           two
  4. Canada                                                                                        one
  5. China                                                                                           four
  6. Finland                                                                                        one
  7. Germany                                                                                     five
  8. India                                                                                             one
  9. Ireland                                                                                         one
  10. Italy                                                                                               one
  11. Japan                                                                                            ten
  12. Malaysia                                                                                       two
  13. Mexico                                                                                          one
  14. Russian                                                                                         one
  15. Singapore                                                                                     one
  16. South Korea                                                                                 two
  17. Spain                                                                                              one
  18. Thailand                                                                                        one
  19. UAE                                                                                                one
  20. UK                                                                                                   two
  21. USA                                                                                               three
  22. Turkmenistan                                                                               one
  23. South Africa                                                                                  one
However, from the above list, you will notice that Africa has no operational monorail, except in South Africa, this shows that it is uncommon transport in Africa. However, the following are the proposed monorail in Africa and their stations. Country                                                                                         no of station(s)
  1. Morocco                                                                                   one
2     Nigeria                                                                                         six  their locations are:   Lagos, Port- Harcourt,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Enugu, Aba, Onitsha and Umaiha.
  1. Ghana                                                                                          one
  2. South Africa                                                                                two
  3. Egypt                                                                                            one Monorail Operations Around the World Nevertheless, it is also important to look at some of the countries where mono rail transport system is being used. Therefore, the under listed are the lists of operational monorail in the world and the numbers of their stations. Country No of station(s) 1. Australia one 2. Belgium one 3. Brazil two 4. Canada one 5. China four 6. Finland one 7. Germany five 8. India one 9. Ireland one 10. Italy one 11. Japan ten 12. Malaysia two 13. Mexico one 14. Russian one 15. Singapore one 16. South Korea two 17. Spain one 18. Thailand one 19. UAE one 20. UK two 21. USA three 22. Turkmenistan one 23. South Africa one However, from the above list, you will notice that Africa has no operational monorail, except in South Africa, this shows that it is uncommon transport in Africa. However, the following are the proposed monorail in Africa and their stations. Country no of station(s) 1. Morocco one 2 Nigeria six their locations are: Lagos, Port- Harcourt, Enugu, Aba, Onitsha and Umaiha. 3. Ghana one 4. South Africa two 5. Egypt one

10 Benefits of public transport

  1. Public transportation reduces congestion: Public transportation helps to reduce the likely travel delays on our cities.
  2. It helps to build a strong economy: It enhances business; it enhances personal economic opportunity; it creates and sustains employment etc. Indeed it is a basis for a prosperous economy.
  3. It helps to conserves energy and reduces oil dependence: By using public transportation people can help to reduce the country’s dependency on oil.
  4. Use of public transportation is a step to safeguard the environment against air pollution hence, it improve air quality and health.
  5. Only public transportation has the capacity to move large number of people quickly during emergency and disasters.
  6. It provides access or mobility for urban and rural areas.
  7. It enhances and promotes real estate values and development. For instance, a building (property) that near the transit is more valued than the similar building that is far from the transit.
  8. It provides mobility for all categories of people e.g. young or old, student or apprentice, rich or poor, etc.
  9. It makes necessary health care delivery and human service possible.
  10. Public transportation reduces the rate of accident in the society.

Don’t be Ignorant of the Necessary Information on Your Tires.

Do you know that a study by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has revealed that under-inflated and worn tires increase the likelihood of a crash? Do not be ignorant about the tires that move you around on the road. You should know that the only things that separate you from the ground or road are the tires in your vehicle. If you have a car or you drive a vehicle and you don’t know anything about the tires that move you around’ it is nothing but an ignorant mistake that must be corrected for the betterment of all road users. I asked some drivers questions about the tires in their vehicles but unfortunately, they could not provide any answer to my questions. The truth of the matter is that, most drivers lack basic information they need to know about the tires in their vehicles. Obviously, there is lot of information written or printed on both sidewalls of your tires that, you need to know them for safety purpose. Moreover, if you want to buy a new tire such information will help and guide you to buy the right tire, so you will not be confused or deceived by those desperate tire sellers who aim to sell their tires at all cost without considering the tire’s specifications needed for your car. Take time to know the information on your tire However, when you look at any given tire, you will notice some small printings or markings on the side wall of the tire; these may appear to you as confusing jargon. Do you know why? It is because you don’t know the significance of some of these sidewall printings or information. You do not know what all this stuff really mean in a regular terms that is why they appear to you like unnecessary jargon but in the real sense they are unavoidable information you need to know about the tires in your car. However, I wish to let you know that each section of the small print on your tire’s sidewall means something and you need to take your time to know them. Nevertheless, let us take a critical look on some of the information on your tire. The types of tire you need to know (1) When you see a letter ‘P’ on a tire that tells the type of tire it is and it simply means that the tire is a        passenger vehicle tire. A private vehicle and public transport vehicle can use such a tire. (2) When you see the letters ‘LT’ on a tire it is another type of tire you also need to know. It simply means the tire is for a light truck vehicle. For instance, if you have a truck e.g. a pick-up van and you want to replace the tire with a new tire then, do not buy a tire that carries letter ‘P’ rather look for a tire that carries letters ‘LT’ for your truck. (3) Another type of tire is a tire that carries letter ‘T’ it means that such tire can be used temporarily or as a spare tire. These are the main types of tire we have.   Source: HowStuffWorks.

Page 2 of 3

Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén