Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Category: Uncategorized (Page 2 of 2)

The responsibilities of a logistics firm

Logistics plays an important role in the growth of industry. Here are its responsibilities.

  1. Order fulfillment: – This has to do with completing the orders of prospective customer in a short period of time. Indeed, transportation and logistics would be any integral part of completing the order since they directly impact delivery.
  2. Traffic and Transportation: – It manages the inbound and outbound movement of goods.
  3. Warehousing and Storage: – A number of ware housing decisions directly impact logistics and transportation. For example, how many warehouses are needed? Where should they be located? How large should they be? How much inventory should each accommodate? These and more are what a logistics firm does in order to provide efficient storage facilities to it various customers.
  4. Industrial Packaging; – Transportation directly determines the type of packaging needed. However, logistics firm plans the exact method of how each type of product will be transferred from one place to another and store properly in the shelf and making space for the new stock.
  5. Purchasing: – When purchase is made the distance and the quantities purchased directly affect the transportation cost hence, logistics are highly integrated.
  6. Demand forecast: – Accurate and reliable fore casting is essential for effective inventory control.
  7. Materials handling: – They have best practices to handle materials most especially during transportation so that they are not damaged.8
  8. It plays important role in inventory control for its customers.
  9. It provides customer service. Logistics plays an extremely important role in ensuring that customers get the right products at the place at the right time. Transportation, warehousing, forecasting, inventory control and so on, have a direct impact on customer’s satisfaction.


Major Aspect of a Logistics Firm

There are two aspects of logistics that are considered as the most important part of logistics. They make logistics firm more meaningful and efficient in its operations. These most apparent aspects are warehousing and transportation.

Warehousing and Storage

Warehousing is defined as the storage of goods, raw materials, semi-finished goods and finished goods. This includes wide spectrum of facilities and locations that provide warehousing. It is a point in logistics system when goods are stored on certain amount and for different reasons till the time they are needed. This is a point where a logistics company is different from a transport or haulage company. A logistics firm provides transport services and storage facility for its customers. Unlike transport firm which is only dominant in transport service. A logistics firm without a storage facility is meaningless. Such a firm will not attract prospective customers hence; it will be difficult for such firm to survive in a competitive environment.


Transportation involves the physical movement or flow of goods from one area to the other. In logistics the transportation system is the physical links that connects customers, raw materials, suppliers, plants, warehouses, and channel members. Without this link which is transportation, logistics firm will not be effective. It is an integral part of logistics. If a logistics firm must be efficient enough then transport system cannot be separated from it. Transport plays an important role in logistics operations. Therefore, it is inevitable link in logistics.


Public Transport operations in Spain

Spain has a very good public transport system in most of its major cities. Most cities have enough buses and rail transport that provide efficient transport service to the public. The public transport in Spain is more comfortable and convenient to board.

Rail transport operation in cities of Spain

The Spanish rail transport system is run by Government Company called Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Espanoles (RENFE). This organization provides service to major cities in Spain. Although it does not provide service to all small towns, however, it is supported by other railways operations like FFCC city lines Barcelona and private railways. However, RENFE uses the AVE trains for its operations, they are fast and efficient in fact, they are among the best train in Europe.

However, there are other many local trains that operate on short distance they are known as tranvia i.e. (tram). Also, suburban commuter trains i.e. (cercanias) they are second class service provider and they stop at all stations in Spain.

Transportation made by buses in cities of Spain.

The local buses in cities of Spain run around the clock, they operate from around 0600 until between 22:00 and midnight. However, midnight transport operation in Spain is more expensive. It is important to know that most local bus services in Spanish cities lack enough seats for passengers to sit hence, most passengers end up in standing for the rest of their journey. It is also, important to note that the buses operating within the urban cities are quite slow, however, to tackle this problem some major cities provide special lanes for buses in order, to enhance smooth and fast transportation. However, most towns in Spain have their bus terminal, nevertheless, whenever you are at a bus stop to board a bus, the bus may not necessarily stop for you unless you indicate your interest to board the bus or you wave to the driver to stop for you.


Transportation by taxi in Spanish cities                                                                                    

In Spain you are expected to use taxis that are allowed by the authority to operate within the cities, such taxis often display their special license. Since the taxis are monitored and governed by a strict legislation hence, they provide a very high standard service to the public. However, these public taxis often display a green light when they are free for any passenger to board. The taxis in cities of Spain are metered and they also have a set price for certain journey. However, tipping is their common practice in Spain.

Transportation by metro in Spanish cities

Metro transport lines are found in Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia. They provide the most fast transport services to get around these cities and during the rush hours, they are highly patronized. However, special tickets are made available for passengers to be used. Such tickets include, cheap day return, a metro card that allows the passengers unlimited use of metro lines for three (3) to five (5) days, and weekly and monthly tickets or passes are also available for passengers.


Public Transport in Canada

Public transport is usually available in all cities and major town in Canada. Buses are the most common public transit in major cities in Canada. However, some cities also have streetcars, light-rail trains or subways. More also, it is possible for a passenger in Canada city to complete a single journey with two (2) or more modes of transport.

If you want to use public transport in any of the cities in Canada, you need to purchase a ticket or a transit pass. However, transit passes allow a passenger unlimited use of public transportation for specific period of time e.g. one (1), month two (2) months or more. Moreover, if you plan to use public transport regularly in Canada then, it is advisable to purchase transit passes, this is because they are usually cheaper when you compare it to many tickets.

Nevertheless, in most cities in Canada you can get your tickets at major transit stations, convenience stores or from the bus driver and if you need more information about public transport in your city then you need to visit an information kiosk at a main transit station, or calling a transit information line and you may also visit the website of your municipal government.

Public Transport by Taxis

All cities and towns in Canada have transport companies that provide public transport service to people. It is important to know that taxis in Canada are expensive therefore, if you want to know how much a trip will cost, it is better you ask the driver before the journey commences, this is because taxis have meters that use set rate to calculate the cost of your trip, and they are not negotiable because the rates are fixed. Since, taxis are quite expensive hence; most people in Canada only use them when they do not have any option. However, when you see an official identification card on the dashboard of a taxi, it shows that the taxi driver is licensed by the city.



Two major ways to board a taxi in Canada

  1. You need to make a call for a taxi to pick you up. It is either you call the number of any of the taxis companies or you call the transport department of your municipal government. However, when you call for a taxi, the operator will ask your name and the address of where you are expecting the taxi to pick you up as well as the address of where you are going i.e. your destination.
  2. You can board a taxi by waiting on the street sidewalk for an empty taxi, so when you sight an empty taxi coming to your direction just wave to the driver to stop for you. In addition, you can also board a taxi at a taxi stand.

Source: Transportation in Canada. By: Government of Canada.

Public transport in Brazil

Public transportation by bus and coach

Road transportation by bus is the most popular transportation in Brazil. Bus transport is highly preferred in Brazil because it is easily affordable by the public. In addition, lack of well established rail system for the public makes, bus transport becomes the most patronized transport in Brazil, with not less than two hundred (200) service providers transporting over one forty million (140,000,000 ) passengers each year.

Bus transport operations system in Brazil

The public transport by bus in Brazil operates on three (3) different levels:

  • Federal level: at this level bus travels across the borders and between different states in Brazil.
  • State level: at this level public transport is made within the state. In other words, bus travels within the state.
  • Municipal level: travel by bus within individual town and cities in Brazil.

Bus transport providers in Brazil

The lists below among others are the main transport providers by bus in Brazil. They are:

  1. A) Pluma
  2. B) Garcia
  3. C) transbrasiliana
  4. D) Nacional Expresso

Public transport by train in Brazil

Passenger rail transport services are very few in Brazil that is why bus transportation is more preferable by the Brazilian to rail transportation. However, the rail transportation system in Brazil is more efficient in cargo transportation. In fact, a large portion of rail transport system is used for cargo transportation.

Rail transport operations system in Brazil

Local trains:

These trains are used for regional transportation to some metropolitan suburbs, small interior towns and the coast.

National trains:

National trains operate across the cities in Brazil, people and goods are moved from one city to another by national trains, however, Sao Paulo State has no rail network that links the state with other cities aside from Sao Paulo State.

International trains:

Brazil has international trains that link the country with other countries that share border with Brazil. However, out of ten (10) countries that Brazil shares border with only three (3) of them can be reached by rail transport. The three countries are Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia.

Local trains:

Brazil also has local trains that are used for regional transport to some metropolitan suburbs, small interior towns and the coast.

In conclusion, having considering the rail transport operations in Brazil, it is glaring that the rail transport system is not a common means of public transport.

Source: AngloINFO

Monorail: Uncommon Transport System in African Countries.

There are different modes of transport viz: Rail transportation, Sea Transportation, Air transportation, Road transportation and Pipeline transportation. However, in road transportation we have three (3) transport systems which are Road transport system, Rail transport system and monorail transport system, in all of these transport modes and systems, monorail is the most unpopular overland transport in developing countries. For instance, one day precisely on 15th of January, 2015. I walked into a particular organization in the Ibadan city where l live, Oyo State, Nigeria, to ask just a question from all the staff and my question on that day was “Do you know monorail or have you heard about monorail before?” In fact, none of them actually know what monorail really is. I was flabbergasted or surprised when some of them started using questions to answer my question, someone asked me, was it a name of a person or thing or what? Many other questions were thrown back to me on that day why they failed completely to answer my own question. However, before and after the said day, I had also asked some people the same question but none of them could actually tell me anything they know about monorail, despite, the fact that, the word monorail is coined from two words “Mono” and “Rail” Mono which refers to one single object and rail which is a popular word used for railway track, one would have expected them to suggest transport or to suppose it to be transport but unfortunately, they could not suggest it to be transport system or think in that direction. This to me, shows, that they have poor understanding on monorail transport system and that is why I need to write about monorail for all my lovely readers.

Rivers State Government Educates Indigenes on Monorail?

However, I cannot blame the said people I interviewed why? It is because is not easy to talk about a thing you have not read, seen or heard before and that was why I found it more important to write an article on monorail. Indeed, monorail is unpopular transport system in African countries.

Nevertheless, in Port-Harcourt city, Rivers State, Nigeria, where I also lived before, the people living there are familiar with the monorail transport system. The government of the state embarked on a monorail project tagged Rivers Monorail. The government of Rivers State organized an educative program on radio and other Medias educating their indigenes on Rivers Monorail system telling them the importance of monorail in Port Harcourt city where the traffic volume is high day by day.

Truly speaking a quite number of people or sizable number of people in developing countries do not have clear understanding of monorail as a viable transport system to compliment mass transit. Hence, monorail is a type of transport which its grade is raised particularly above the ground level. The word grade here simply means the special road or track made or designed for monorail to move or travel on.

The Characteristic of Monorail

Monorail is normally elevated above traffic, above congestion, above pedestrian and above vehicles. In fact, its grade is separated from surface traffic of all kinds, cars, trucks, trains, people, bicycle, motorcycle and so on. So that monorail can run without any interference from other means of transport thereby, improving traffic flow and reducing the accident rate. These are part of the uniqueness of monorail.

Monorail the Safest Transport System

In addition, monorail is the safest transport system because of its grade separation. It cannot for any reason whatsoever collide with cars or other vehicles or run over people or bicycles. In fact, people can ride bike or walk without having to look out for on coming vehicles or train as the case may be for any pedestrian who intends to cross the road or railway track. Monorail actually wraps around single         ” rail” and it cannot derail like I said. Indeed, it is the safest transport for now in the world. It has a low accident rate when you compare it to other transport modes. For instance, the first fatal monorail accident occurred on the 5th of July, 2009, at Walt Disney World in Florida. In fact, it is first fatal accident ever happened in the 38 year history of the monorail system. You can imagine it yourself the number of accidents that might occurred in other modes of transport in 38 years. Therefore, my earlier assertion that monorail is the safest transport system is not a gain saying but a stark truth.

No Noise Pollution in Monorail Transport

More so, monorail does not make any noise on motion unlike cars, articulated vehicles (trailers), buses, air crafts and so on. In fact, it is the most quiet overland transport. It does not produce any harmful noise like that of automobiles or jet airplanes in an environment. Do you know that the noise produced by vehicles and air crafts can be annoying or disturbing a man in his environment? But monorail transport system does not produce such undesirable noise. It is environmental friendly.

Monorail uses Electricity not Fuel.

It is also important to let you know that monorail is electrically powered therefore; a standby power supply is usually made available for its operations. Since it is powered by electricity it does not pollute our environments as we have in road transport and air craft. Hence, it supports the green environment program. However, monorail does not take a wide space as any one may think; its line can be placed in the street within a space of 4 or 5 feet Colum.

Monorail a Viable Public Transport

However, monorail has the capability to move large number of goods and people far more than what a luxurious bus can carry at once without interfering with any other land transport. Indeed, it is a good form of macro transportation. For instance, Walt Disney World monorail transport system in Florida, has one of the highest ridership in the world, it offers service to over 100,000 passengers in each day operations.

 Monorail Operations Around the World

Nevertheless, it is also important to look at some of the countries where mono rail transport system is being used. Therefore, the under listed are the lists of operational monorail in the world and the numbers of their stations.

Country                                                                                 No of station(s)

  1. Australia                                                                                    one
  2. Belgium                                                                                      one
  3. Brazil                                                                                           two
  4. Canada                                                                                        one
  5. China                                                                                           four
  6. Finland                                                                                        one
  7. Germany                                                                                     five
  8. India                                                                                             one
  9. Ireland                                                                                         one
  10. Italy                                                                                               one
  11. Japan                                                                                            ten
  12. Malaysia                                                                                       two
  13. Mexico                                                                                          one
  14. Russian                                                                                         one
  15. Singapore                                                                                     one
  16. South Korea                                                                                 two
  17. Spain                                                                                              one
  18. Thailand                                                                                        one
  19. UAE                                                                                                one
  20. UK                                                                                                   two
  21. USA                                                                                               three
  22. Turkmenistan                                                                               one
  23. South Africa                                                                                  one

However, from the above list, you will notice that Africa has no operational monorail, except in South Africa, this shows that it is uncommon transport in Africa.

However, the following are the proposed monorail in Africa and their stations.

Country                                                                                         no of station(s)

  1. Morocco                                                                                   one

2     Nigeria                                                                                         six  their locations are:   Lagos, Port- Harcourt,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Enugu, Aba, Onitsha and Umaiha.

  1. Ghana                                                                                          one
  2. South Africa                                                                                two
  3. Egypt                                                                                            one
    Monorail Operations Around the World
    Nevertheless, it is also important to look at some of the countries where mono rail transport system is being used. Therefore, the under listed are the lists of operational monorail in the world and the numbers of their stations.
    Country No of station(s)
    1. Australia one
    2. Belgium one
    3. Brazil two
    4. Canada one
    5. China four
    6. Finland one
    7. Germany five
    8. India one
    9. Ireland one
    10. Italy one
    11. Japan ten
    12. Malaysia two
    13. Mexico one
    14. Russian one
    15. Singapore one
    16. South Korea two
    17. Spain one
    18. Thailand one
    19. UAE one
    20. UK two
    21. USA three
    22. Turkmenistan one
    23. South Africa one
    However, from the above list, you will notice that Africa has no operational monorail, except in South Africa, this shows that it is uncommon transport in Africa.
    However, the following are the proposed monorail in Africa and their stations.
    Country no of station(s)
    1. Morocco one
    2 Nigeria six their locations are: Lagos, Port- Harcourt, Enugu, Aba, Onitsha and Umaiha.
    3. Ghana one
    4. South Africa two
    5. Egypt one

10 Benefits of public transport

  1. Public transportation reduces congestion: Public transportation helps to reduce the likely travel delays on our cities.
  2. It helps to build a strong economy: It enhances business; it enhances personal economic opportunity; it creates and sustains employment etc. Indeed it is a basis for a prosperous economy.
  3. It helps to conserves energy and reduces oil dependence: By using public transportation people can help to reduce the country’s dependency on oil.
  4. Use of public transportation is a step to safeguard the environment against air pollution hence, it improve air quality and health.
  5. Only public transportation has the capacity to move large number of people quickly during emergency and disasters.
  6. It provides access or mobility for urban and rural areas.
  7. It enhances and promotes real estate values and development. For instance, a building (property) that near the transit is more valued than the similar building that is far from the transit.
  8. It provides mobility for all categories of people e.g. young or old, student or apprentice, rich or poor, etc.
  9. It makes necessary health care delivery and human service possible.
  10. Public transportation reduces the rate of accident in the society.

Don’t be Ignorant of the Necessary Information on Your Tires.

Do you know that a study by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has revealed that under-inflated and worn tires increase the likelihood of a crash?

Do not be ignorant about the tires that move you around on the road. You should know that the only things that separate you from the ground or road are the tires in your vehicle. If you have a car or you drive a vehicle and you don’t know anything about the tires that move you around’ it is nothing but an ignorant mistake that must be corrected for the betterment of all road users. I asked some drivers questions about the tires in their vehicles but unfortunately, they could not provide any answer to my questions. The truth of the matter is that, most drivers lack basic information they need to know about the tires in their vehicles. Obviously, there is lot of information written or printed on both sidewalls of your tires that, you need to know them for safety purpose.

Moreover, if you want to buy a new tire such information will help and guide you to buy the right tire, so you will not be confused or deceived by those desperate tire sellers who aim to sell their tires at all cost without considering the tire’s specifications needed for your car.

Take time to know the information on your tire

However, when you look at any given tire, you will notice some small printings or markings on the side wall of the tire; these may appear to you as confusing jargon. Do you know why? It is because you don’t know the significance of some of these sidewall printings or information. You do not know what all this stuff really mean in a regular terms that is why they appear to you like unnecessary jargon but in the real sense they are unavoidable information you need to know about the tires in your car. However, I wish to let you know that each section of the small print on your tire’s sidewall means something and you need to take your time to know them. Nevertheless, let us take a critical look on some of the information on your tire.

The types of tire you need to know

(1) When you see a letter ‘P’ on a tire that tells the type of tire it is and it simply means that the tire is a        passenger vehicle tire. A private vehicle and public transport vehicle can use such a tire.

(2) When you see the letters ‘LT’ on a tire it is another type of tire you also need to know. It simply means the tire is for a light truck vehicle. For instance, if you have a truck e.g. a pick-up van and you want to replace the tire with a new tire then, do not buy a tire that carries letter ‘P’ rather look for a tire that carries letters ‘LT’ for your truck.

(3) Another type of tire is a tire that carries letter ‘T’ it means that such tire can be used temporarily or as a spare tire. These are the main types of tire we have.


Source: HowStuffWorks.

Public Transport


Public Transport Defined

Public transport is the kind of transport that is meant for the public which is concerned with the movement of people and goods or any object from one area of collection to another area call destination.

The Public Transport Providers

This kind of transport can be provided by both public and private agencies. For instance, it is public when it is provided by the government and it is private when it is provided by private individual. However, whether is provided by the government or private individual since it is meant to provide service to the public, they are referred to as public transport. Public transport can be provided by all the mode of transport such as road, rail, air and water transportation. However, this article focuses more on road transportation.

Macro and Micro Transportation

Public transport could be macro and micro transportation. It is macro transportation when it carries people and goods in a large scale and it is micro transportation when it carries people and goods on a small scale e.g. taxicab, motorcycle, tricycle and so on.


Qualities of Public Transport

However, public transport is expected to provide quality service to its users anytime or any day. Quality service in transport means the extent to which public transport service providers meet the desired expectations of its customers (passengers). Such expectations include:

  • Safety
  • Reliability
  • Cheap and Affordable.
  • Fast
  • Convenience and comfort.
  • User’s information.

Benefits of Public Transport to the Society

Having talked about customers’ expectation from public transport provider, it is equally important to talk about its benefits to the society where it operates. In other words, it must help to protect and improve the society where it functions. However, public transport provides the following benefits not only to its customers but to the society at large .Such benefits, among others include;

  1. It reduces the rate of accident in the society.

Although, mass transit do have accident but it is much lower when you compare it to the rate of accident by private cars or vehicles. According to, National Safety Council (USA), estimated that public transport is over 170 times safer than private cars.

  1. It is economical and efficient.

Public transport is able to accomplish a purpose of carrying fairly large number of people and goods at once than what private vehicles can carry. More also, it is an economical transportation. It is more economical than any other form of travel. For example, a research carried out by Brooking Institution and American Enterprise Institute revealed that public transport in U.S. uses approximately half of the fuel required by cars, SUV’s and light trucks.


  • It supports the green environment.

Private vehicles produce much more of carbon monoxide that depletes the ozone layer. The use of public transport reduces the carbon monoxide thereby, contributes to the green environment. In other words, mass transit makes our environment more sustainable by polluting less when compared to private motorized transport.


  1. It creates jobs and also create economic boost to the area of job locations. It makes jobs, services and other amenities accessible.


  1. It is also a notable means of reducing traffic congestion.


  1. It supports social justice by providing affordable and cheap transport service to the rich and the poor.



It is not a gain saying that public transport has huge benefits but the only way to achieve these benefits is when it is highly patronized in the society. However, on the other hand, a transport company must be aware that a good transport system is made up of good transport services, good employment for transport staff and good management, so as to provide transport that is safe, reliable, fast, convenience, cheap and affordable for all its prospective customers.

Bad Road is Costing Nigeria Billions – Misconceptions of Road Maintenance in Nigeria

Road transport is the oldest mode of transportation that still plays an important role to the modern economy. In fact, according to the National Bureau of Statistics, road transport contributes not less than ninety percent (90%) to the GDP from transport-related activities.

Its accessibility and flexibility coupled with mass production of automobile by different manufacturers make the road transportation paramount in our daily activities hence the need for road management in our society becomes inevitable. The problems of road transport are more than building the highways. For instance, in 1990 Nigeria had over one hundred and eight thousand (108,000) km surface road net work, which is the highest road net work in West Africa and second in sub Sahara region. Currently, road net work in Nigeria is more than one hundred and ninety four thousand (194,000) km.

Despite, the high numbers of road net work, the road users still encounter different traffic problems virtually every day. According to Federal Ministry of Works and Housing (FMW&H), the annual loss due to bad road is valued to eight (8) billion naira, while operating cost resulting from bad roads is valued at N53.8 billion.

Road net work is not the road problem in Nigeria.

At this point, it is important to note that, some of the traffic problems encountered on our highways generally come as a result of deplorable condition of the road and not the road net work itself. These problems were however, worsened by lack of good maintenance of the existing transport facilities. For instance, let us imagine an over loading lorry abandoned its track in a bid to evade one pot hole or the other on highway may pose a serious danger to other road users.

Furthermore, statistics available at Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) in 2009 shows, that 8 out of every accident were caused by pot-holes in Nigeria. This is a clear point of poor road maintenance which shows that we  lack good road management structure.

The incorrect conception of a good road

In Nigeria, to have good roads to average road users simply means construction of new roads and building of highways which may not even stand the test of time due to poor construction while the contractors make huge amount of money from such contracts. This is the basis of poor road infrastructure which cut across all level of governments. What a misconception indeed!

Importance of Road maintenance

Meanwhile, the objectives of the federal road development project in Nigeria are: “ To reduce passenger travel times; vehicle operating cost and traffic related facilities or targeted federal roads and assist federal government of Nigeria to manage Nigeria Federal road assets in sustainable manner” However, as important the objectives are they can never be achieved by building roads and highways alone. It calls for proper maintenance and management of existing national highways or roads. The basic objective of road maintenance is to ensure that the road is constructed or made to maintain its original condition throughout its designed life. Road maintenance is intended to slow down the road deterioration and it should begin on the first day after the roads construction or improvement works are completed. Road maintenance is important in the following ways:

  1. It prolongs the life of the road by reducing the rate of deterioration thereby, safe guarding previous investments in construction and rehabilitation of the road.
  2. It lowers the cost of operating vehicles on the roads by providing a smooth running surface.
  3. It keeps the roads open for traffic and contributes to more reliable transport services.
  4. It sustains social and economic benefits.
  5. It reduces the accident rate if the road users are safety conscious.

The effect of regular and timely maintenance is to increase the life span of the road by putting off the date at which it needs to be re-constructed. This will provide a higher rate of return on the initial investment. However, it can be argued that the construction of any road that consumes a large amount of money as the case always is in Nigeria is of limited importance, if there is no effective maintenance afterwards.

The problem of inadequate funding and untimely maintenance of road infrastructure in Nigeria has been a great concern to me and other road users, although, much efforts have been made in road construction in different state, local and federal levels by governments while proper maintenance of the road itself has lagged behind.

Factors responsible for poor road infrastructure

Road management as it were, in real sense, involve all factors needed for a good road infrastructure which include, adequate funding, good construction, adequate safety, good research, good maintenance culture, trained traffic officials, capable authorities and agencies such as FERMA, VIO, FRSC etc at federal level, LASTMA, TIMARIV, OYTMA, etc at state level.

Besides, some of our roads are plagued by numbers of problems which include faulty engineering designs, inadequate drainage system, poor maintenance culture to mention but a few. In addition, over loading vehicles and heavy duty vehicles often cause premature road deterioration on our roads. All these problems have resorted in littered pot-holes, washing away of pavement, and collapse of bridges and so on, in some of Nigeria roads.

Major solution to poor road infrastructure

To put a stop to these problems, awaiting new road contract is not in enough, while the existing roads are deteriorating virtually every day with little or no maintenance. Enough effort should be made by the government at all levels, private individuals and agencies concerned to ensure proper maintenance of roads.

It is a known fact that lack of access is a key determinant of poverty. Without access communities will face greater obstacles in obtaining health, education and other social services. In addition, ability to take advantage of surplus agric produce in the rural areas and employment opportunities will be severely constrained, if there’s no better access. Therefore, roads are the key element in provision of physical access. Hence, the benefits of building roads are short-lived, if the roads are not maintained.


However, when a new contract is awarded to a contractor, patriotic qualified engineers from the side of the government should monitor and ensure that the road construction is made according to the specification in the contract agreement. By this, building a good road that will stand the test of time with good maintenance culture would go a long way to reducing accident rate, lowering vehicle operating cost and sustaining social and economic activities in our society.


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