Month: November 2017
Oftentimes, one may wonder why some motorists, especially the commercial ones, choose to ply a particular route to carry out their daily activities, as if there are no other routes for them to use. There are reasons why motorists will choose and not to choose a particular route for the same journey. Hence, the saying “there is no smoke without fire.” Also, most of their reasons are for their better advantage. Following are the reasons why drivers choose a particular route for their journey: 1. Speed: This is the rate at which a vehicle travels. Most drivers like to drive their vehicle at a particular speed convenient and safer for them. 2. Travel time: The time at which a driver, mostly a commercial driver, uses to complete a particular journey matters a lot. The route that is full of different obstructions that may cause unnecessary delay, thereby increasing the driver’s travel time will not encourage many motorists to ply such a route. 3. Traffic interruption: Anything that interrupts will discourage the motorists to continue to ply such a route if there is a better alternative. 4. Freedom to maneuver: Drivers will prefer a wide route that will enable them to move their cars easily and carefully probably to overtake or to avoid accidents. Therefore, a road that is very tiny or narrow to maneuver will discourage them. 5. Safety: A road must be free enough from any form of danger, otherwise both the drivers and the passengers would be discouraged to travel on such a road. 6. Driver’s comfort: When a driver travels on a long journey and throughout the journey he feels less worry and more importantly, he feels safe travelling on such a road, undeniably he will be eager to travel again on the road. 7. Convenience: When you drive on a good road, the time and the stress you would have encountered if you are on a bad road would be reduced. 8. Operating cost: Every transport service provider is expected to have practical and economical mindset to manage his business. He must be able to choose the routes that are cost-effective for his business. 9. Business orientation: No commercial vehicle driver will hesitate to travel on a route where he can easily get goods and passengers to carry. Since his business is to carry goods and passengers for economic gain, then it will be unwise of him to abandon a route where his desire can be met. 10. Inevitable route: Every motorist going to their offices and houses will have no choice but to pass through the road that leads to their houses and offices.
A shipwreck 1. RMS TITANIC RMS Titanic is one of the popular shipwrecks in the world history. It was an ocean liner said to be unsinkable but later proved to be most notable sinkable ship in the world. In 1912, precisely on April 10, the ship was on a journey. 4 days as the journey progressed, precisely on April 14, 1912, the ship suddenly hit an iceberg just before the midnight and the ship sank less than 3 hours, killing 1,514 lives. However, in 1985, a Franco-American expedition discovered the ship and found that the ship split into 2 parts, each part lying about a 3 rd of a mile from each other. 2. RMS REPUBLIC RMS Republic was built 1903 and sank on January 24, 1909 at about 8:40p.m. 6 lives were said to be lost in that incident. The bad incident occurred in 1909, on January 23 rd , when the ship collided with the Lloyd Italiano liner SS Florida and the ship sank at about 8:40 p.m. on the said day. 3. RMS LUSITANIA RMS Lusitania started operation in 1906 and it sank on May 7 th , 1915. 1, 191 lives were said to be lost in that incident. It was said that the shipwreck was caused by a German U-boat. 4. USS ARIZONA USS Arizona was specially built for the US Navy in1915. It was bombed by the Japanese on December 7 th , 1941. It was said that 1, 177 crew members and officers were killed in the incident. On the 5 th of May, the shipwreck became National Historic Landmark in the US and the remains, known as USS Arizona Memorial, are viewable in the US. 5. THE MARY ROSE It was a Tudor warship used during the reign of Henry VIII and it was used in many battles against France, Britain and Scotland and it was sunk during a battle against French. 6. VASA It was a Swedish warship, believed to have been built between 1626 and 1628. It sank on the 10 th of August, 1628, after being hit by strong winds and flooding, sinking 20 minutes and less than a mile into its journey. 7. THE ANNE’S REVENGE It was an 18 th century warship popularly known as the ship of the legendary pirate Blackbeard. It used the ship less than a year with greatest achievement during this short period of time. 8. MV DONA PAZ MV Dona Paz is referred to as the deadliest of all peacetime maritime disasters. In December 20 th , 1987, the Philippine registered ferry with over 4,000 passengers collided with an oil tanker MT Vector resulting into fire accident killing an estimated number of 4, 386 passengers and there were only 24 survivors. It took 8 hours for Philippine maritime authorities to hear of the incident due to poor communication equipment. However, because of the fatal incident, it is referred to as ‘Asia’s Titanic’ 9. THE BLACK SWAN It is a Spanish war ship known as Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes. The warship sank in 1804 off Portugal territorial waters. However, in 2007 an American Company, Odyssey Marine Exploitation, discovered gold, worth of $500 million. However, the Spanish government made it known to be the rightful owner of the said gold, hence the case was decided in the US Supreme Court, and the court ordered the gold should be returned to Spanish authorities. 10. MS WORLD DISCOVERER It was a Danish cruise ship manufactured in 1974. The disaster occurred when the ship struck a rock at the Solomon Islands; all the passengers survived the incident.
What is Safety? Safety, as it were, means freedom from danger; it is a state of being safe. Hence, to ensure there is safety, different things or objects may be used as parts of safety measures such as human, sign, symbol, education, advertisement, weapon to mention but a few. What is Road Safety? Road safety involves all activities engaged to make all the road users free from danger. It can also be defined as those measures and methods put in place to protect all road users from being injured or killed while making use of the road. However, the road safety of every road user must be the utmost importance of all the levels of government; hence, the need to implement the road safety policy that will protect the life of all road users is inevitable. It is the responsibility of all concerned, in different countries, to enforce the road safety rules and regulations. In addition, improving road safety in any given environment will surely involve the following sectors: transportation, health care, emergency service, law enforcement and education. This 5 agents must be active and ready at all time to rise up to the task. It is also good for transport authorities to set a target. Road safety target should be understandable, cost-effective, monitored, realistic and achievable. What is Policy? It is the set of principles and guidelines adopted to achieve the organizational goal. What is a road safety policy? It is a set of principles and guidelines formulated to improve the safety of all road users. It is the statement of various steps to be taken-over to achieve the envisaged targets set in this field of transport to tackle identified safety issues or problems. In simple language, it is the wisdom and method of action to guide and determine both the present and the future affairs of safety in road transportation. A good road safety policy is meant to look into the different risks associated with road transport and provide solutions to eliminate all the risks. It is the one that ensures risks of injuries and deaths are low and manageable. However, it should be noted that proper planning is important to achieve the road safety goals. Hence, the road safety plan must contain a vision statement, policy guidelines, strategies and specific actions to be taken. High rate of deaths and injuries on public roads are not a fundamental law of nature as many people assume. Many people believe it is fate for someone to be injured or die in a road accident. I humbly and firmly wish to let you know that most accidents on our roads are caused by human errors and that most accidents we see are avoidable accidents. All that is needed to eliminate risks or to reduce high rate of deaths and injuries on our roads is the road safety policy and strong commitment by concerned institutions to implement the policy. However, examples of countries that have been successful in improving their road safety are: Sweden, New Zealand, Netherland and Japan, amongst others. They are able to achieve this feat as a result of their strong road safety policies as well as strong commitment to implement them.
Sitting on the driver’s seat for the first time to drive the vehicle alone may excite a new driver but it’s not an easy task for him. Such a new driver is likely to be nervous and fearful while driving.Also, such a driver is likely to be over conscious not to hit any object or being hit by other drivers. These, among others, are the predictable misbehavior of new drivers.However, below are the common mistakes of a typical new driver on the road:
- Inferiority Complex: Often times, they drive under pressure. Why? It is because they think other experienced drivers on the road are better than they are.Hence, consciously or unconsciously, they become anxious to the point of making several mistakes while driving.
- Panic or fear:At times, they feel they are very conscious while driving but in the real sense, they are panicky.As a result, often times, you see them stopping suddenly on the road causing unnecessary traffic delays.
- Poor understanding of the Traffic rules and Regulations: One of the qualities of a good professional driver is the ability to interpret and understand the traffic rules and regulations. In fact, they are one of the ways to drive safe on the road.The difference between a driver and a man who moves the vehicle on the public road is proper understanding of the traffic rules and regulations.
- Poor Routine Checks: Failure to carry out daily routine checks such as engine oil, brake oil, battery terminal, light operations to mention but a few, before driving behind the wheel is part of typical new drivers’ mistakes.
- Lack of Basic safety information: This is common to those that did not attend a driving school before starting to move the vehicle on the road.They lack safety information to make the road safe such as why they need to equip their vehicle with a functional horn; when and how to join the road; when to brake and accelerate and so on.
- Poor Reverse: New drivers often find it difficult, if not impossible, to reverse the vehicle easily without being assisted, otherwise they hit their vehicles on any object behind them.
- Failure to keep proper distance from the vehicle in front while driving
- Sometimes new drivers forget to use the traffic indicator lights when turning or moving out of the lane.
- Failure to use inner mirror when necessary.
- In a bid to avoid the danger of being involved in an accident, some new drivers tend to drive too slowly for the road condition, which thereby affects the easy flow of traffic.
- The weight
- The speed &
- The length
NOTE: each crash contains the date; the country where the accident occurred; the kind of accident e.g. (crash) and the number of people killed or injured in the accident.
- July2nd in the US (derailment) people got injured but the exact figure was not given.
- July 21st in the US (derailment), 9 people injured.
- July 26th in Cameroon (derailment), 1 person killed.
- July 28th in Spain (crash), 48 people injured.
- August 11th in Egypt (collision), 40 people killed and133 injured.
- August 14th in UK (derailment), no one injured.
- August 15th in UK (crash), no one killed or injured.
- August 15thin UK (derailment), 2 people injured.
- August 19th in India (derailment), 23 people killed and 60 injured.
- August 20th in UK (derailment), no one injured or killed.
- August 22nd in the US (crash), 37 people injured.
- August 23rd in India (derailment), no one died or injured.
- September 11th in Switzerland (derailment), 30 people injured.
Transport system, as it were, is playing a key role in globally. Without transport, moving people and goods from one place to another for economic, social and other reasons will be difficult if not impossible. However, the transport system that plays a very important role in over-land transport in moving people and goods in large number is rail transport. In addition, in recent times, the rate of crashes in rail transport is becoming worrisome and this explains the need for this article. To this end, below is the list of rail accidents during the second quarter of 2017: NOTE: each crash contains the date; the country where the accident occurred; the kind of accident e.g. (crash) and the number of people killed or injured in the accident. 1. April 8th in Russia (collision), 50 people injured. 2. April 15th in Austria (collision), 9 people injured. 3. April 28 th in Netherlands (collision), no record of people died or injured. 4. May 1 st in Germany (derailment), 2 people injured. 5. May 13th in Greece (derailment), 3 people died and 15 injured. 6. June 27th in US (derailment and fire), 39 people injured. Total no people injured: 115. Total people killed: 3 Source: Wikipedia
Increase in rail accidents, around the world, is becoming worrisome these days, although it is still safer for one to travel by rail than by road. It is undeniable that in overland transport only the rail transport has the capacity to carry more goods and passengers than any other land transport. Therefore, the need to make our rail transport safer than before cannot be over-emphasized. However, here is the list of rail accidents around the world in the 1st quarter of 2017: NOTE: each crash contains the date; the country where the accident occurred; the kind of accident e.g. (crash) and the number of people killed or injured in the accident.
- January 4t h in the US, Brooklyn(train crash): at least 103 people injured.
- January 21st in Indian: Kuneru train derailment: at least 41 people killed and 68 people injured.
- January 24th in the US; A Front runner (collision): no one killed or injured.
- February 14th in Australia; A V/Line Velocity(collision and derailment): 2 people injured.
- February 14th in Luxembourg; (collision) 1 person killed and 2 people injured.
- February 17th in Saudi Arabia (derailment due to flooding) 18 injured.
- February 18th, in Belgium; Leuven derailment: 1 person killed and 27 people injured.
- February 20th in South Africa; (collision) 100 people injured.
- February 21st in the US; (derailment) 4 people injured.
- February 28th in UK; 2017 Liverpool Lime Street collapse
- March 7th in the US; (derailment) no one killed or injured.
- March 7th in the US; 2017 Biloxi train crash, 4 people killed.
- March 10th in the US; (derailment)
- March 20th in UK (derailment)
- March 22nd in Switzerland; (derailment), 6 people injured.
- March 29th in India (derailment), 25 people injured.
Rail accident is becoming worrisome these days; hardly will you see a week without occurrence of rail accidents in the world. As transport demand for rail is increasing day by day, so also there’s direct increase in rail operations or activities, hence you see trains moving in different directions on their track and since they share land with motorists and other road users e.g. cyclists, pedestrian etc, the risk of people being involved in rail accident becomes inevitable. For instance, in U.S. it was discovered that the train hits a person or a vehicle every 3 hours and this accident always causes serious injuries or deaths. Source: Beyond Our Rails. However, it is important to know that these accidents are consequences of human errors that deserve individual special attention because they are preventable accidents. To this end, here are the ways to prevent rail accidents: 1. Be careful because rail has no inbuilt capacity to stop for you like a vehicle. It takes not less than a mile or more for an average train traveling at 55 miles per hour to stop for you. 2. If your vehicle suddenly stops on a highway-rail crossing, probably due to mechanical fault or for any other reason, you should let everybody move out of the vehicle far away from the rail track, then you can call the emergency number you see near the crossing or you call the law enforcement. It is because the train cannot avoid any object on its track. 3. Do not use the rail track as a footpath with impunity; it is risky, it may cause you your life, the train movement on its track is unpredictable. 4. Do not dare the speed of a moving train it may be faster than the way it appears. 5. Do not cross immediately after a train; wait with patience to see if another train is not moving in another direction. 6. Do not ignore the safety warning. 7. Do not jump out of a moving train 8. Always have it in mind that the train can move at anytime on its track. 9. Do not stop your vehicle on the track; before you cross make sure there is enough space between your vehicle and the end of the track. 10. It does no harm to be safety conscious.