Month: January 2018
Pixtastock.com Here are the factors: 1. Safety and Security 2. Transport Policy 3. Transport Management 4. Communication 5. Training. Safety and Security The issues of safety and security are universal factors that can affect smooth operations of any mode of transport around the world. Since we all know that transport plays an important role in human life, it’s a major means by which goods and people move from one place to another. Hence, transportation becomes a potential target for criminals. The security weakness in transportation results to several attacks by these criminals on different modes of transport during operations. To this end, the issues of transport safety and security become paramount. However, there are two major types of safety and security threats to smooth transport operations. These are terrorism and criminal activities. Terrorism is often used for political, social or religious reasons and the major target, among others, is transportation, e.g. September 11 attack on America. Criminal activities, on the other hand, involve high-way robbery, theft in railway transport and freight terminals, etc. These are significant challenges to any mode of transport operation in the world. Transport Policy Transport policy has to do with the advancement or creation of a set of considerations that are found to achieve acceptable objectives connecting to social, economic and environmental advancement and the functioning and efficiency of the transport system. The aim of a good transport policy is to produce strong decision on the distribution of transport resorts or resources which include transport management and control of existing transport activities. Moreover, in most countries of the world, transports are mostly owned and managed by private owners but governments are mostly involved in making transport policy for all transport modes with the aim of achieving a set of particular goals. In addition, the importance of transport policy is that it has the potential, either positively or negatively, to affect virtually every aspect of economic, social and political activities of nation states, e.g. deregulation and privatization. Picture showing transport interchange in Freiburg, Germany. Transport Management Transport management operations involve all transport modes which have to do with managing all aspects of maintenance, fuel costing, scheduling, communications, carrier selection, cargo handling, staffing, even accounting, among others. However, there are key factors of transformation that can effect change in transport management of all transport modes of any given nation state. The factors are: *changes in work practices *changes in customer behavior *changes in technology *changes in workloads *external and unforeseen factors *local peculiarities *trade barriers Communication As transport plays an important role in the economy of any given nation, communication, in much the same vein, plays an important role in transportation. Transport system helps to create relationship among different parts of the peoples within a country and between two or more countries and strengthens the feelings of unity among them. However, to achieve this important role of transport, the role of communication in transportation becomes inevitable. Communication, as it were, is the medium of passing data and news. Communication system assists all modes of transport service providers in any nation to take the right decisions at the right time by making information and news related with transport business available to them. Communication makes it possible for passengers to know about the transport fare of different transport providers in any part of the world in no time and it also helps the transport companies to manage transport operations accordingly through communication system. Therefore, communication system facilitates transport advancement by making accurate information available for both transport service providers and their numerous passengers. As a result, poor communication system may affect the smooth transport operation of any nation. Training Training of the staff in transport business is very important. It’s a way of enhancing the staff skills for efficiency. Training also helps the thinking ability of the staff for quality performance. Training, in transport, is very important for development and success of any transport mode in any nation. Truly speaking, a well trained staff becomes more efficient and productive on his job. When transport industries train their staff, it tends to enable them understand the mission, vision, working conditions and the rules and regulations of the organization better, thereby helping them key into the vision of the organization.
source: www.ttacademy.com Training the staff in the transport industries has to do with the accumulation of knowledge of all the staff concerned. It strengthens and improves the skills of the staff. It creates confidence in them to excel at their jobs. Nevertheless, the following are the reasons why training in the transport industry is important: 1. Trained staff will help to build a good customer care relationship. 2. It allows the staff to work at the peak of their efficiency. 3. It increases the performances of the staff. 4. A well trained staff saves time. Because of his or her efficiency, he or she can get a lot of work done in few hours. 5. It creates job satisfaction
A well developed transport system is an index of a developed nation. However, communication plays very important roles in the transport industry and the following indicate its importance in the industry: 1. It improves passenger service. 2. It enhances team work. 3. It can be used to create a good relationship between the staff and the passengers. 4. It helps the staff to have thorough understanding of the transport company. 5. It enhances the staff sense of belonging. 6. It reduces disorderliness while encourages orderliness in the transport industry. 7. It’s a means of updating both the staff of transport service providers and their numerous customers (passengers). 8. It creates a sense of unity. 9. It helps to create peace and commitment to a cause. 10. It serves as a tool for effective management in the transport industry
A picture showing inside of a train driver’s compartment. Source: www.alamy.com The word ‘driver’ is a common word people use to refer to a person who moves or drives any type of motor vehicle such as car, bus, trailer, heavy duty truck, among others on the public roads. Therefore, everyone knows who a driver really is. And so, a car driver, bus driver, truck driver among others are all types of drivers in road transportation. Who is a Train Driver? Similarly, on the other hand, a train driver is a person who drives or moves a train on its tracks. However, to become a qualified train driver requires more intensive training program than to become a road driver. Moving people and cargo, in their large number, to their destinations effectively and safely indeed demands a lot of training and skills coupled with technical know-how or (mechanical knowledge) needed for safe operation. These, among others, explain why it’s a noble career in overland transportation. It’s important to note that the train driver’s occupation has different names it’s called or known by in different countries. For instance, in Canada and America, the train drivers are called engineers(not synonymous with mechanical engineer) while in some other countries they are called, engine drivers, train drivers, loco pilots, motormen, and train operators. However, whatever names they are called is not the essence of this article; rather it’s really about the occupation, its role and importance in railway transportation. It is no longer new that some railway transport companies in Europe are planning to be fully automated. It means that trains, as it were, will be operated through the computer and will be also monitored remotely from a station-based control room. However, in line with this new development, a research study was carried out by researchgate.net/publication to know the likely problems related to this development. The research, however, revealed that there are hidden core values of a train driver that must not be compromised by any railway industries. Quoting from the said research work, train drivers ‘anticipate, observe, interpret, and react to events in the surrounding environment. Furthermore, they are a significant interaction link between different actors…’ Nevertheless, the conclusion of this research work was that these inevitable roles of a train driver must be reckoned with otherwise, running a fully automated train transport system can affect transport safety and the quality of service rendered to the public. Notable Responsibilities of a train driver The task of a train driver as it’s noted above is far more than moving a train only on its track. The train driver performs more important functions during train operations that makes its role inevitable. As a result, the following are the responsibilities of a train driver: 1. Customer care: Train driver is expected to provide good customer care to passengers such that will enable them to patronize the service provider again for other trips. He is expected to build a good relationship with passengers during each operation, such as good and timely communication, operating according to the laid down rules and procedures for efficient and smooth transportation. 2.Safety: In transportation, safety always comes first; it is the first thing that must be considered, and therefore, one of the important responsibilities of the train driver is to ensure the safety of all the passengers during the operations. We all know that the train carries goods and passengers in large number. Therefore, safety and security in public transport operation is very important. He is expected to strictly adhere to safety rules. 3. Effective communication: The train driver also plays an important role in giving necessary information to both the passengers and the management at the right time. If there’s any problem during the operation, he is expected to communicate to the passengers in a calm manner that will not lead to any form of panic. He must be a good communicator both in verbal and written forms. He also uses the radio communication to find out the state or the condition of the route he is traveling on. For instance, there may be problem on a section of the track; the engineer could be at work on the track, there could also be a blockage probably due to an accident at a level crossing, etc. In any of these situations, the radio communication could be used from the control room probably to divert the train to another route that is free and safer. 4. Concentration: He also demonstrates such a skill as focusing his attention for long periods of time during a long journey. This, he does, to enable him know the track layouts so as to plan stops for signals and stations since we know that the train cannot stop suddenly like a car or motor vehicle. Hence, stopping a train at any particular location must be planned ahead of time. This, indeed, is an additional responsibility in daily schedule of a train driver. 5. A vigorous alert: A professional train driver is expected to be watchful and able to think clearly to perceive a potential danger and to quickly act to avoid it. At times, tracks can be run through a dangerous territory and if the train driver is not vigilant enough this may lead to an unwanted rail accident. The potential and capacity benefits of a train driver in rail transportation have made the services of train drivers a noble career in rail transportation system. Therefore, to achieve efficiency and effectiveness in railway transportation as well as to enhance its smooth operations, the need for the services of a train driver cannot be over-looked.
Source:Mirror Understanding Flight Delay Ordinarily the word ‘delay’ as it were has to do with the amount of time a man has to wait beyond the expected time for something to happen. It is a situation that makes something planned for to take longer time than expected. The U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics shows that between June 2015 and June 2016, more than 1 million flights were delayed. Flight delay is one of the problems air passengers may face in airline industries around the world. The recurrent of unwanted delays at airport mostly in commercial airlines are one of the major concerns that aviation industries must address to the barest minimum so as to make air travel more reliable and convenient for its passengers. As the world is becoming more global village, hence, air transport as the fastest mode is playing a key role in this regards, in which people are connected by this fastest mode of transport to different cities in the world mostly for business opportunities, this among others explains why more people are travelling by air. However, the more people are flying, the more the probability that a passenger may experience more flight delays due to heavy traffic volume. Then, what is flight delay? Flight Delay A flight delay occurs when an aircraft takes off or lands later than its expected time. In addition, The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) describes flight delay as a kind of delay that occurs at minimum of 15 minutes after the usual planned flight time. Anyhow, no passenger most especially, the business travelers will enjoy spending more time than necessary in airport, unwanted long delay mostly when the passengers have already boarded the plane, may cause passengers to be stranded in plane parked at the tarmac and may be a major problem and source of frustration on their business plans. List of Factors Responsible for Flight Delay Source:TheSlateGroup 1. System Congestion 2. Airline Practices 3. Equipment Problems 4. Labor Actions 5. Severe Weather 6. Aircraft Maintenance 7. Crew Scheduling 8. Late arriver of flight crew 9. Air Traffic Control Problem due to heavy traffic volume 10. Air Operations 11. Poor or Aging Aviation Infrastructures 12. Airlines scheduling more flights than the system capacity 13. Safety 14. Terrorist Attack 15. Aircraft Mechanical Problems