In every sector of any given industry, making decisions on what to do for daily progress at the work place remains a necessary task. Likewise, in container shipping industry, the choice of a seaport terminal is one of the important decisions to make by shipping lines and market players involved.
Making the choice of a terminal seaport along the journey or on every single route involves several factors that will make shipping profitable for both importers and the shipping industries. In any business venture, profitability is one of the notable keys that indicate industrial progress. In addition, it is important to also note that there are factors showing that not every port can accommodate different sizes of ships. Therefore, to avoid unnecessary delay, the need for port selection on every single route becomes evident.
The following are factors guiding port selection:
- Location of the Port: A port location that allows the efficiency of inter modal transport system may influence the choice of the players involved.
- Volume of Cargo Handling: Ports that can handle high number of cargo which can guarantee a valuable return to both shippers and shipping industries as well as multi modal operators will definitely be considered in the selection of calling ports on every single route.
- Terminal Charges: Terminal charges are placed on shipping industries by different port authorities. However, if the charges are too exorbitant such as to affect operation profitability, the shipping industries may be discouraged to make use of such port if alternative ports are available.
- Handling Efficiency/Reduction in Delay: Any port that can handle high volume of cargo will reduce unnecessary delay of ships at the port, which will ultimately influence the choice of both the importers and shipping industries.
- Water Depth: The water depth of a seaport is a major factor that the shipping industry will consider to select the terminal port. A deeper water depth will accommodate larger ships.
Maritime transport remains an efficient mode of carrying large number of cargoes. Shipping across the continent may involve at least two ports which are the home port and the final destination port. However, in most cases it may involve more than two ports, and this may be a port of call along a single route or journey. Nevertheless, no matter the number of the ports involved in intercontinental shipping, proper management of ports and their capacity play an important role in port selection.