Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Author: peterowinje (Page 1 of 15)

12 Benefits of Highway

Fast-growing North Carolina region at odds over traffic jams ... Image credited to: IdahoPress

Highways are the main public roads that connect different cities, towns and at times, villages etc. together. It is a major and significant public road that is able and fit to carry fairly heavy traffic. Since automobile has gained popularity in the world today, the need for adequate and efficient transport system for promoting economic development is a notable fact that cannot be underemphasized. Substantial investments on road infrastructural development by government at different levels e.g. Federal, State and local government are also frantic efforts to attract investors which will in turn promote the economy.

For instance, in China virtually all regions either rural or urban are linked by highways with Beijing and Shanghai . This helps China to increase economic activities in all regions.

Highways have great benefits to industries, educational institutions, tourist centres, hospitals, to mention but few. It plays an indispensable role in the economy of both the developed and the developing countries of the world in making travels easier and faster. Hence, any problem that may affect smooth transport operations on highways may have great negative impacts on the economy of a nation at large. This and many other reasons explain why highways are important to a nation. However, below are the benefits of highways:

  1. Good transport infrastructure, like highway network, enhances transport system that reduces transportation costs and this, in turn, definitely reduces production costs while increasing the productivity and profitability of organizations.
  2. Highway networks also make transportation schedules and deliveries more reliable and timely.
  3. Highways also contribute immensely to social growth, relatives are able to visit their loved ones more often and it enhances good relationship between family and friends.
  4. Highways can relatively reduce travel time to villages, cities and towns thereby encouraging people to travel for business and trade.
  5. Highways make journeys faster, comfortable and safer than usual while at the same time reducing fuel consumption.
  6. Highways allow regions or different communities that are linked to the highway to gain comparative advantage.
  7. It is highly durable: Oftentimes highways are well constructed, they stay strong and in good condition over a long period of time.
  8. It helps to reduce accident rate. The life of any individual road user is important. Good roads help to reduce rate of accident that may come as a result of bad roads. For instance, highway constructed to link Tibet one of the provinces in China was said to have reduced accident rate in the area by 40%.
  9. It reduces the cost of vehicle maintenance, when you compare it to vehicles subject to extraordinary rough physical treatment under poor road condition.
  10. Highways increase the life-span of a vehicle: Under poor road condition tires, brakes, clutches and other vehicle parts suffer when moving on a bad road. But when the roads are good the vehicle’s parts function well over a good period of time
  11. Highways support development: Use of highways will affect virtually every economic activity of the environment. Hence, every rural community that is separated from others due to lack of motorable road will be economically challenged. For instance, highway construction that links Tibet Province in China plays an important role in Tibet’s development.
  12. Highway makes life better in various ways: such as reducing travel time for: Residents; workers; students; accessing health services; tourist centers and market places. It also reduce cost of travel by motorcycles and vehicles as well as reducing the transportation cost for industries thereby reducing production cost, while increasing passenger services and more importantly reducing traffic accidents. Indeed, highway brings significant improvements for man in many ways.

Having considered the above benefits of Highway construction, it is important that highway construction project should not be politicized. Political strategies that discriminate against highway in rural communities mostly in developing countries must be checked. Adequate fund provision for the project must not be undermined. Corruption in the part of government officials in awarding road projects must also be checked. The designs, construction and regulations of the highways and the vehicles used on them and the training of drivers and other road users may go a long way in making our highways safer for all of us.

 

Highway Construction: Panacea for Mass Poverty Reduction

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A highway is a principal public or private road that links two or more cities, towns, villages and other places where people live or work together. A well-developed highway enhances connectivity between people, towns, communities and different places. The most possible effect of highway construction is its capability to increase economic benefits to national productivity and employment.

The notable advantage of highways is that they have the capacity to boost economic activities and to reduce poverty and the travel time to cities, villages, towns and different rural areas.

Although there is no gainsaying the fact that a huge number of people are living in abject poverty in most rural parts of the world, most especially in Asian and African countries, the notable factor for this high rate of poverty in these rural areas is due to the fact that a well-developed highway that links people to most rural areas is absent. Some even have poor roads that link people to the community such that during the rainy season they no longer become motorable, making it difficult if not impossible to access these communities or to carry out business activities there.

For instance, in the early months of this year I visited one of the rural areas of a state in my country. While visiting the place, I discovered there’s a point where the vehicle cannot move beyond; even the untarred road we plied to the place was not in good condition. Hence, the settlement is only accessible by motorcycle. However, in that rural area I discovered that there were different big farms owned by different farmers such as cocoa plantations, plantain plantations, orange plantations among others.

Since this location lacks a motorable road, it will be difficult if not impossible for the farmers to access the market place to sell their agricultural produce, likewise buyers cannot easily access the market place to buy the farm produce from the farmers. Hence, the harvested cash crops cannot be sold to get money and the major part of the crops get rotten, leading to labour waste and increase in the poverty level of the farmers. This among others is one of the ways in which lack of motorable road can affect the business activities of an area.

Truly speaking, industrial development and job creation often manifest as a result of quality of road transport in an environment. High quality road transport allows business activities to easily take place in a community.

Basic Factors for Road Transport Development

Free road construction Images, Pictures, and Royalty-Free Stock ... Virtually everyone makes use of road transport for one reason or the other to meet their needs. Roads that are poorly developed are dangerous to human life. Motorists plying poorly developed roads may create unwanted delays, congestion, pollution, rise in costs, and the most resultant effect of using poor roads is that it may lead to fatal accidents. Better developed road network will reduce costs and travel time, boost trade activities and improve general welfare. However, the following are the list of factors for road transport development:
  1. Adequate Planning: Roads that will increase quality and traffic safety demands adequate planning. It provides uniform traffic convenience.
  2. Distance: A location that is far removed from other places due to lack of motorable road may influence the construction and development of roads for easy accessibility.
  3. Political: Politicians can also influence or cancel road construction and development.
  4. Economic: Economic activities taking place in a particular area or settlement may enhance road development.
  5. Qualified Contractors: Experienced contractors with required equipment for successful implementation of the contract may encourage the desire for road development.
  6. Funding: Inadequate funding may lead to cancellation of road development.
Nevertheless, the notable effects of road development on economic, agricultural, and urban growth as well as poverty reduction in both rural and urban areas cannot be overemphasized. Image credited to :https://www.freeimages.com

3 Basic Essential Qualities of a Logistics Firm You Need to Know

      Lagerarbetare Som Förbereder En Sändning Fotografering för ...

Logistics industry helps to develop the economic growth of a nation and also supports the quality of life by supplying human needs and also goods needed for industrial production. Hence, it’s worthy to say that the logistics industry promotes economic activity.

The capability to effectively manage storage and movement of goods in and out of a company within and outside of a country in order to efficiently satisfy customers’ requirements through efficient and effective use of road transport, railway transport, air transport and sea transport system, explains the basic duty of a logistics company.

However, there are three basic essential qualities of a logistics company you need to know:

  1. Flexibility: A good logistics industry is always ready and able to change a particular logistics operations at the shortest notice when the need arises or better still capable to handle different logistics operations at the same time in order to satisfy customers’ demand.

This is characterized by a ready capability of logistics industry at any point in time to adapt new order or requirements. Therefore, the capacity of logistics industry to promptly handle emergencies when required is one of the notable qualities of a logistics firm.

  1. Speed: Speed here means the rate at which a logistics firm handles or supplies customers’ demands at the right time. Speed is the essential ingredient of all logistics firms. The speed at which a logistics firm effectively coordinates the different movements of different products or goods in and out of different companies across the board at the right time to the right destinations, is an essential quality to keep your customers in the business.
  2. Reliability: Reliability is an essential tool for a logistics firm to continue selling their services to their prospective customers. No one will like to do business with any organization that is not dependable. A logistics firm must be trusted by their numerous customers to provide what is needed at the right time and at the right place. Logistics firm must do everything possible in all its capacity to reduce risk of a breakdown in the supply of goods to the customers, as this may discourage them in doing business with your firm.

In conclusion, every logistics company must showcase these three essential qualities: the ability to adapt to any change in customers’ demand or to any unforeseen circumstance; the ability to efficiently and effectively carry out transport operations to avoid unnecessary delay and provide just-in-time delivery; and the ability to build a proven track record that can be trusted and relied upon by your customers which are the essential factors that define the quality of a logistics firm.

Logistics Industry: A Key Factor For Industrial Growth And Prosperity

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A good management of any company must desire to grow, growth in the sense of progressive development of the business. A good management indeed, anticipates for progressive growth mostly in capital, value and income. In this sense, it is only a bad management that will refuse to grow or expand its business. The fundamental purpose of establishing most companies or businesses is to create wealth, reduce poverty and more importantly to sustain growth. It is important to note that the services of all logistics industries are important to bring this fundamental purpose of every business to reality.

Logistics industry supports good management of any given company or business. It’s a sign of a good management to see a company that grows at a greater rate than her whole economy and it is also a sign of good management when the management of such company usually directs a relative high percentage of the income made into the business for future expansion. All the way, logistics industry also provides immediate support for the future expansion of a business for both domestic and international logistics needs through road, air, rail and sea transport.

However, anticipation for progressive growth as management team of your company is not enough without adequate factors to bring it into reality; one of the notable factors or agents of positive change is logistics industry. Logistics industry is the most important factor with direct positive impact on the bottom line to grow your company’s operations. Logistics deliver superior quality service that will definitely boost the economic well-being of your company.

For instance, if a production or manufacturing company increases or doubles her production probably due to the high demand of her product from her prospective customers, in such situation, the freight volume grows, the cost of transportation also increases and transportation becomes more and more complex. Hence, in such situation, the need for a logistics industry for effective supply chain management and to reduce the cost of transportation becomes inevitable.

The ability to effectively control the flow and storage of goods into and out of a company, both within and outside a country, to support efficient production and to satisfy the customers’ demand better at the right time across-the-board, while at the same time, reducing the cost of transportation as well as the cost of operation are the most important factors to make your company to grow at a greater rate.

Why? It is because customers are the live wire of any given business, satisfying their demands at the right time at any given location which is the quality service of logistics industry, while at the same time helping your organization to solve the problem of complex transportation and reducing the cost are the ways to economic prosperity of your company.

Image credited to: Dreamstime.com

Flight Dispatcher: A Silent Labourer in the Aviation Industry

 When you see planes fly in the sky, a fairly large number of people believe it is solely the work of pilots. Many fliers also assume that air travel safety majorly depends on the flight crew, so they assume that pilots, more than any other set of people, ensure the safety of airline operations. So when you see a plane in the sky flying, many people believe it is the act or work of skilful pilots. So pilots become more popular and successful professionals in the eyes of many people; little do they know that for a successful flight to get to a desired destination goes beyond the visible work of a pilot. Little do they also know that there are invisible pilots, though not professionally so, that keep watch on the flight to ensure that both the crew pilots and the passengers in the flight are able to get to their desired destination timely and safely.

The Men Behind Every Flying Plane

These invisible pilots in every flight are flight dispatchers or aircraft dispatchers. Even though they are not the professional pilots that fly planes yet, they are the men behind the scene that keep an eye on the planes in the sky, in order to guide and give recommendations to crew pilots when necessary on foreseen issues that may threaten the safety of the flying plane, so as to ensure safe and smooth operations.

Indispensable Role

Flight Dispatchers are part of the ground people that perform different activities which include flight plans, safety guidelines, and weather reports, among others.  Flight Dispatchers spend reasonable amount of their time monitoring several planes in the sky while at the same time communicating with pilots in such planes.

History reveals that in the 1940s to 1960s airline operations lack input of air dispatchers. History has it that many costly mistakes were made by pilots which led to unwanted plane crashes that would have been avoided, if flight dispatchers were in place to give support to the pilots.

For instance, on August 15, 1949, the Transocean Airlines crashed with 8 fatalities, caused by fuel exhaustion due to lack of adequate preflight planning. Also on May 27, 1950, Regina Cargo Airlines crashed with 2 fatalities due to overloading above the required gross weight, due to lack of flight manifest. In addition, an aircraft known as Continental Charters also crashed in December 29, 1951 with 26 fatalities, due to failure to obtain preflight weather information coupled with lack of preflight planning.

All these accidents were due to lack of Flight Dispatchers. There were other plane crashes during this period apart from the ones mentioned in this article that could have been avoided, if there were proper operational control and adequate dispatch oversight. Therefore, the need for the role of Flight Dispatchers in the aviation industry becomes inevitable.

Nevertheless, Flight Dispatchers monitor airborne flights 24/7. They also perform preflight planning for each flight. Indeed, they are indispensable silent labourers for every airborne flight, which many people don’t know or recognize.

Flight Dispatcher and Its Common Misconception

When you see planes fly in the sky, a fairly large number of people believe it is solely the work of pilots. Many fliers also assume that air travel safety majorly depends on the flight crew, so they assume that pilots, more than any other set of people, ensure the safety of airline operations. So when you see a plane in the sky flying, many people believe it is the act or work of skillful pilots. So pilots become more popular and successful professionals in the eyes of many people; little do they know that for a successful flight to get to a desired destination goes beyond the visible work of a pilot. Little do they also know that there are invisible pilots, though not professionally so, that keep watch on the flight to ensure that both the crew pilots and the passengers in the flight are able to get to their desired destination timely and safely.

These invisible pilots in every flight are flight dispatchers or aircraft dispatchers. Even though they are not the professional pilots that fly planes yet, they are the men behind the scene that keep an eye on the planes in the sky, in order to guide and give recommendations to crew pilots when necessary on foreseen issues that may threaten the safety of the flying plane, so as to ensure safe and smooth operations.

Flight Dispatchers are part of the ground people that perform different activities which include flight plans, safety guidelines, and weather reports, among others.  Flight Dispatchers spend reasonable amount of their time monitoring several planes in the sky while at the same time communicating with pilots in such planes.

History for the Need of Flight Dispatcher

History reveals that in the 1940 to 1960s  airline operations lack input of air dispatchers. History has it that many costly mistakes were made by pilots which led to unwanted plane crashes that would have been avoided, if flight dispatchers were in place to give support to the pilots.

For instance, on August 15, 1949, the Transocean Airlines crashed with 8 fatalities, caused by fuel exhaustion due to lack of adequate preflight planning. Also on May 27, 1950, Regina Cargo Airlines crashed with 2 fatalities due to overloading above the required gross weight, due to lack of flight manifest. In addition, an aircraft known as Continental Charters also crashed in December 29, 1951 with 26 fatalities, due to failure to obtain preflight weather information coupled with lack of preflight planning.

All these accidents were due to lack of Flight Dispatchers. There were other plane crashes during this period apart from the ones mentioned in this article that could have been avoided, if there were proper operational control and adequate dispatch oversight. Therefore, the need for the role of Flight Dispatchers in the aviation industry becomes inevitable.

Nevertheless, Flight Dispatchers monitor airborne flights 24/7. They also perform preflight planning for each flight. Indeed, they are indispensable silent labourers for every airborne flight, which many people don’t know or recognize.

7 NOTABLE FUNCTIONS OF FLIGHT DISPATCHERS

      A flight dispatcher is an important element of the aviation industry that supports smooth flight operation. It is a notable department that ensures maximum safety for flight operations in the airline business and regular exercise of flying an aircraft. In some countries, flight dispatchers are called airline dispatchers, flight operations officers or flight followers. Whichever name they are known for in your country is secondary, the primary concern in this article is the effective roles of flight dispatchers. However, below are the special activities of flight dispatchers:
  1. They prepare and print each flight paperwork that contains all needed information for the crew to operate. This printed paperwork is known as flight release which includes flight plans, passenger lists, flight fuel, flight route, weather reports, among others.
  2. They help to predict the weather condition and prevent flights from unfavourable and unsafe weather condition.
  3. Flight dispatchers have 50% legal responsibility of every dispatch flight safety. They have the authority to disallow a flight ready for dispatch, if the safety condition is not satisfactory, after the pre-flight safety and maintenance checks have been carried out. Therefore, they have the authority to review the flight crew and concentrate on maximizing efficiency with safety in view.
  4. They monitor the current flights in the sky while planning for new flights to come on board.
  5. They critically examine the state or condition of aircraft with respect to aviation industry laws, so as to make a very clear and obvious decision on the safety condition of an aircraft, as to whether it’s safe or not for a particular trip.
  6. They carefully plan for the fuel that an aircraft will need to complete any given trip or journey.
  7. They also collaborate with load planners to carefully plan the cargo for each aircraft and ensure that the loading is done in accordance with the given instructions.
  Nevertheless, flight dispatchers are as important as pilots. Permit me to say that they are silent pilots that shepherd airborne flights or planes in the sky and give suggestions about what should be done to the pilots if there’s any change relating to flight safety, smooth and efficient operation. Hence, as in the words of Herb Keller, “Dispatch is the heart of the airlines”.

Small in Size, Light in Weight, but too Dangerous for Airplanes to Carry

Image result for Rat pictures

There is a little foe that must be prevented in the aviation industry, it is an enemy of any given flight any day or any time. Having considered the above caption, I guess one may wonder what this little foe is. It is a rat! It is the little foe that can cause great damage to a plane. Oftentimes, no one understands or can explain how and when this little foe gets into an aircraft and once it is sighted, no one takes it for granted, no matter how small it appears. It is dangerous enough to cause havoc on a flying plane.

For instance, an airplane AI-952 was set to take off from Hyderabad to Visakhapatnam when a rat (the little foe) was sighted in the airplane. However, the plane was delayed for nearly 12 hours at Rajiv Gandhi International Airport according to the Deccan Chronicle.

More so, a plane was delayed several hours when a rat was sighted on board, the plane was scheduled to travel from Amritar to Toronto and the journey was rescheduled for another plane.

In addition, a plane known as Loong Air’s flight DJ8823 in China was set to fly from Hangzhou to Bijie and shortly after taking off, a rat was discovered in the cabin. Hence, the cabin crew had no other choice than to fly back to Hangzhou International Airport where another passenger plane was scheduled for their flight to Bijie Feixiong Airport.

Furthermore, a passenger plane, Air Canada AC888 with 205 people on board, was set to travel from Canada to London Heathrow when a flier sighted a rat in an overhead locker. As a result of this incident, the flight captain asked all the fliers to come out of the said plane, in order to allow the pest control team to fish out the rat. Unfortunately, the rat was not found, hence, the flight was aborted and the passengers were delayed for the night while another airplane was scheduled for the journey.

Truly speaking, there are other cases where evidence of a rat’s presence in a plane has caused the plane to stay longer on the land than expected. This unwanted situation of a rat’s presence in a plane is high risk to the health and safety of all passengers or fliers on board. Therefore, the need to establish a reliable, regular servicing programme by the aviation industry to ensure that every passenger plane or aircraft is free from rat presence, probably through fumigation and disinfection before allowing it to set on a journey, is not in doubt.

Why Rat Presence in an Aircraft is Dangerous

The rat’s quest for food and shelter are basically reasons why they are found in a plane. One of the rat’s natural habits is to hide itself in unsuspected spots and thereafter cause serious damage through its natural inherent sense to consume any consumable item such as cables, wire, food, etc. It can also damage boxes, parcels, etc. It can as well be an agent carrier of diseases and parasites to both man and animal. These explain why it is an undesirable element in the airplane. Its size may appear so small and featherweight, but its presence in a plane is more than enough to cause a plane crash or to ground and delay a flight for several hours. Indeed, it’s undesirable element in any given flight.

 

7 factors that determine the height of airplanes above the sea level

An aircraft flying in the sky

An aircraft flying in the sky

It is not arguable that the pilots in the cabin direct the airplane in the sky, but they never determine the height at which the plane must fly above the sea level, the route which the plane flies and the track or the passage for the plane to travel. The air dispatchers perform all these functions and here are factors that determine the height at which the plane flies into the sky:
  1. The type of airplane.
  2. The distance to a desired destination.
  3. The type of the engine in the plane.
  4. The strength of the prevailing wind.
  5. The weight of the plane.
  6. The aviation law.
  7. The flight dispatchers.
The flight progress upward into the sky must be done with safety in view.

5 reasons why flying the plane more than its cruise altitude is dangerous

 
An aircraft flying in the sky

An aircraft flying in the sky

Flying the plane too high may be harmful and here are the reasons:
  1. For emergency reasons: When a pilot flies a plane higher than the normal altitude, it will take a longer time for the pilot to return the plane to a safe altitude. When an unexpected dangerous situation occurs that calls for immediate action, bringing the plane down to a safe altitude may be difficult, if not impossible.
  2. The weight of the plane: The weight of the airplane determines the extent to which the plane can fly into the sky. The more the weight of the airplane, the more difficult it is for such plane to fly at a higher altitude.
  3. Shortage of fuel: The higher a plane flies beyond its normal altitude, the more fuel it burns to get there. This will definitely reduce the available fuel meant for the trip. You can imagine how dangerous it will be to fly a plane without enough fuel.
  4. Inadequate oxygen: When the airplane flies much higher, there is inadequate oxygen to fuel the engine.
  5. Every management of any given organization is not expected to run at a loss, they are expected to make profit for sustainability. Flying a plane above the clouds consumes a lot of fuel. However, flying a plane above the clouds for short destinations is not economical; it means the airliner will be spending so much money on fuel, which will increase the overhead cost.
  Nevertheless, safety and quality of air transport experience are important issues in the aviation industry; therefore, safety standards must be followed, to ensure a better and consistent quality air transport experience.

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