Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Author: peterowinje (Page 1 of 15)

Road Traffic Accident

Road accident has become a major traffic problem in the world, which needs to be proactively addressed. The death and injuries from road accident are worrisome and the good news is that they can be reduced or prevented to the barest minimum. There is need to work hand in hand with all notable agencies relating to road safety to prevent road accidents. There is also need to create awareness that road safety is individual responsibility or better still, the responsibility of all road users, be it motorist, cyclist, or pedestrian, so that we can consciously reduce the rate of accidents on our roads.

There’s no doubt that road transport has brought better life and development to mankind. The difficulty of mobility for man, animals and things from one place to another has probably been the force behind motor vehicle invention by the inventors, hence, the saying: “Necessity is the mother of invention”. The invention was aimed at a better life for humans, but today, due to human error, road transport has been identified as major cause of death in the world.

However, road accidents can be avoided if we work towards it, and that is the essence of this article. Since everyone is a road user and road transport is the most used mode of transport, this as a result has increased the high number of vehicle on public roads. For instance, in US close to 280 million vehicles ply public roads, while 277.5 million people are with valid US driver’s license and in 2018, not more than 12 million vehicles were involved in road accidents.

Like I have stated earlier in this article, motorization brings better life to man and the society as a whole but the rate of death and injuries while using the road remains worrisome. Road traffic accident is high in developing countries mostly in Africa where we have high number of poor people who are mostly pedestrians, cyclists, and passengers of buses and minibuses. For instance, in 2008, the India Ministry of Transport revealed that 119,860 road users died in road accidents while in 2009, 126,896 people died in road accidents while in 2010, 133,938 road users died in road accidents.

Road transport accident is majorly caused by human factors that is why I will like to say that road transport safety remains the responsibility of all road users irrespective of their category.

Road traffic safety

“ROAD SAFETY AND MEDIA REPORTING Road traffic crashes are often covered in the media simply as events—not as a leading killer of people and an enormous drain on a country’s human, health and financial resources. By framing road safety as a health and development story, with data and in-depth information, journalists have the opportunity to affect the way these stories are told and potentially to help shift public behaviour and attitudes, influence policy and therefore contribute towards saving lives.” Source: WHO

“Road traffic safety refers to the methods and measures used to prevent road users from being killed or seriously injured. Typical road users include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, vehicle passengers, horse riders, and passengers of on-road public transport (mainly buses and trams).

Best practices in modern road safety strategy:

The basic strategy of a Safe System approach is to ensure that in the event of a crash, the impact energies remain below the threshold likely to produce either death or serious injury. This threshold will vary from crash scenario to crash scenario, depending upon the level of protection offered to the road users involved. For example, the chances of survival for an unprotected pedestrian hit by a vehicle diminish rapidly at speeds greater than 30 km/h, whereas for a properly restrained motor vehicle occupant the critical impact speed is 50 km/h (for side impact crashes) and 70 km/h (for head-on crashes).

— International Transport Forum, Towards Zero, Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach, Executive Summary page 19[1]

As sustainable solutions for all classes of road safety have not been identified, particularly low-traffic rural and remote roads, a hierarchy of control should be applied, similar to classifications used to improve occupational safety and health. At the highest level is sustainable prevention of serious injury and death crashes, with sustainable requiring all key result areas to be considered. At the second level is real-time risk reduction, which involves providing users at severe risk with a specific warning to enable them to take mitigating action. The third level is about reducing the crash risk which involves applying the road-design standards and guidelines (such as from AASHTO), improving driver behavior and enforcement”.

Source: Wikipidea

Railway Transport: A Major Source of Job Creation

There are several thousands of people, if not millions, in the world today who are jobless. An article was recently published by forbes.com on July 24, 2020 with the caption: ’30 Million are unemployed… in U.S…’ Another article published on July 24, 2020 by The New York Times reads: ‘About 30 Million Workers are Collecting Jobless Benefits’ In US. Hence, there is relative increase in the labour force in many nations around the world. In other words, there is high increase in the number of unemployed persons globally due to the Covid-19 pandemic, but the job creation to engage this increase in labour force is lagging behind in some of these nations, mostly in developing countries.

This writer believes that Covid-19, a global pandemic, will sooner or later be history, hence, the need for job creation becomes inevitable. The establishment of railway transportation as a source of job creation to cater for the teeming jobless youths is the main focus of this article. Apart from job creation, railway transport system can also accelerate economic development and consolidate the business activities within a nation.

Railway transport still remains the major source of job creation in any nation. The transport system employs people in thousands and also contributes to the economic development of any given nation. In fact, investment in rail transport network system can reduce the number of the unemployed and boost economic productivity. For better explanation, let us consider one or more countries here and examine the number of employees in each railway transport system of the countries.

China Railway Corporation

The China Railway transport system is known as China State Railway Group Co. Ltd. It is a state owned corporation where the Ministry of Finance performs the duties of shareholders and also chooses the board that manages the Corporation. The estimated employees is said to be 2 million people.

India Railway

India Railway network is said to move over 23 million passengers every day and it is said to be the 4th largest network in the world. The railway employed 1.23 million people as at 2019.

Egyptian Railway

The Egyptian Railway transport system transports 1.4 million people daily and it is said to employ 86,000 people.

Germany Railway

The railway transport system in Germany provides safety and quality service for its numerous passengers. For instance, in 2006, the railway transport moved passengers close to 119, 698, 000 on its long-distance train while on short-distance journey the trains moved 2, 091, 828, 000 passengers in the same year by Deutsche Bahn company.

However, the government-owned railway company, Deutsche Bahn, had 323,900 staff in 2019 while as at 2018, the number of staff were 318,500. Despite this huge number of staff in Deutsche Bahn as one may imagine, it was discovered that the company lacked adequate service staff personnel in 5, 213 passenger stations across the country. This simply suggests that railway transport system is indeed, a major source of job creation.

Without any element of doubt, it is clear that railway transport provides thousands of jobs to people. The transport system has the potential to reduce high rate of unemployment in a nation.

Don’t Put Your Life in Danger! Be Tire Safety-Conscious

Tire Failures: A Leading Cause Of Rollover Accidents

The most important transport system that can serve or connect other modes of transport is road transport system. The road transport system complements other modes of transport, such as sea/water transport, air transport and rail transport. Motor vehicle is one of the most important inventions of 18th century in road transport system. Today different kind of vehicles are made for both comfort and efficient movement of people and goods.

However, the black round objects that move your vehicle around remain one of the essential parts of your motor vehicle. They play an essential role in road safety. By showing poor safety concern about the tires on your vehicle, which are the only objects that come in contact with the road, you may be putting your life and the lives of other road users at epic risk.

Tires enable your vehicle to grip the road, to turn easily, and to firmly stop your vehicle when you apply the brake; and more importantly, the tires carry the weight of your vehicle, hence, malfunction of any of these tires due to poor safety and the negligence of the drivers may lead to serious or fatal accident. For example, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration revealed that almost 200 fatal accidents in a year are due to tire failure.

Indeed, the outcome of a tire failure can be disastrous, the car may somersault, and at times it may move uncontrollably against the oncoming traffic or move uncontrollably off the road. This explains why motorists must show safety concern about the tires in their car by checking tire pressure monthly, inspecting the tires monthly to ensure they are safe for use, and occasionally changing the tires’ position in order to check uneven wear out and to increase the lifespan of the tires. In addition, be a good observer, if you notice any unfamiliar or strange noise from any of the tires do not waste time to find out the cause and try to fix it timely.

Road traffic accident due to tire failure is a public health concern which has to be addressed by all motorists through unrelenting effort of being safety conscious about the tires that move you around.

Image Credited to: David&Philpot

10 Notable Factors for Road Accident

Car Accident Stock Pictures, Royalty-free Photos & Images Road transport becomes common transport usage in the world, it’s the only mode of transport that can support other transport modes in order to function better. Road accident rate has become a major setback in road transportation. Approximately 1.35 million people die each year as a result of road accidents, and it is the leading cause of death for children and young adults from age 5 to 29 years. However, here are the list of factors that can cause road traffic accident:
  1. Over-speeding
  2. Driving under the influence of alcohol
  3. Psychoactive drugs or substance
  4. Non-use of seat belt
  5. Distracted driving
  6. Poor road infrastructure
  7. Poor vehicle condition
  8. Unnecessary delay after an auto crash
  9. Poor law enforcement
  10. Impatience
Road traffic accidents cause significant economic losses to private individuals, families and to the nation at large. These economic losses are traceable to treatment cost, loss of productivity as a result of death or permanent injuries from auto crash, likewise for the family members who need to take permission from work or school to take care of the victim. Therefore, we all need to rise as road users to ensure that these economic losses that come as a result of road accidents are reduced.

12 Benefits of Highway

Fast-growing North Carolina region at odds over traffic jams ... Image credited to: IdahoPress

Highways are the main public roads that connect different cities, towns and at times, villages etc. together. It is a major and significant public road that is able and fit to carry fairly heavy traffic. Since automobile has gained popularity in the world today, the need for adequate and efficient transport system for promoting economic development is a notable fact that cannot be underemphasized. Substantial investments on road infrastructural development by government at different levels e.g. Federal, State and local government are also frantic efforts to attract investors which will in turn promote the economy.

For instance, in China virtually all regions either rural or urban are linked by highways with Beijing and Shanghai . This helps China to increase economic activities in all regions.

Highways have great benefits to industries, educational institutions, tourist centres, hospitals, to mention but few. It plays an indispensable role in the economy of both the developed and the developing countries of the world in making travels easier and faster. Hence, any problem that may affect smooth transport operations on highways may have great negative impacts on the economy of a nation at large. This and many other reasons explain why highways are important to a nation. However, below are the benefits of highways:

  1. Good transport infrastructure, like highway network, enhances transport system that reduces transportation costs and this, in turn, definitely reduces production costs while increasing the productivity and profitability of organizations.
  2. Highway networks also make transportation schedules and deliveries more reliable and timely.
  3. Highways also contribute immensely to social growth, relatives are able to visit their loved ones more often and it enhances good relationship between family and friends.
  4. Highways can relatively reduce travel time to villages, cities and towns thereby encouraging people to travel for business and trade.
  5. Highways make journeys faster, comfortable and safer than usual while at the same time reducing fuel consumption.
  6. Highways allow regions or different communities that are linked to the highway to gain comparative advantage.
  7. It is highly durable: Oftentimes highways are well constructed, they stay strong and in good condition over a long period of time.
  8. It helps to reduce accident rate. The life of any individual road user is important. Good roads help to reduce rate of accident that may come as a result of bad roads. For instance, highway constructed to link Tibet one of the provinces in China was said to have reduced accident rate in the area by 40%.
  9. It reduces the cost of vehicle maintenance, when you compare it to vehicles subject to extraordinary rough physical treatment under poor road condition.
  10. Highways increase the life-span of a vehicle: Under poor road condition tires, brakes, clutches and other vehicle parts suffer when moving on a bad road. But when the roads are good the vehicle’s parts function well over a good period of time
  11. Highways support development: Use of highways will affect virtually every economic activity of the environment. Hence, every rural community that is separated from others due to lack of motorable road will be economically challenged. For instance, highway construction that links Tibet Province in China plays an important role in Tibet’s development.
  12. Highway makes life better in various ways: such as reducing travel time for: Residents; workers; students; accessing health services; tourist centers and market places. It also reduce cost of travel by motorcycles and vehicles as well as reducing the transportation cost for industries thereby reducing production cost, while increasing passenger services and more importantly reducing traffic accidents. Indeed, highway brings significant improvements for man in many ways.

Having considered the above benefits of Highway construction, it is important that highway construction project should not be politicized. Political strategies that discriminate against highway in rural communities mostly in developing countries must be checked. Adequate fund provision for the project must not be undermined. Corruption in the part of government officials in awarding road projects must also be checked. The designs, construction and regulations of the highways and the vehicles used on them and the training of drivers and other road users may go a long way in making our highways safer for all of us.

 

Highway Construction: Panacea for Mass Poverty Reduction

Getty Image

A highway is a principal public or private road that links two or more cities, towns, villages and other places where people live or work together. A well-developed highway enhances connectivity between people, towns, communities and different places. The most possible effect of highway construction is its capability to increase economic benefits to national productivity and employment.

The notable advantage of highways is that they have the capacity to boost economic activities and to reduce poverty and the travel time to cities, villages, towns and different rural areas.

Although there is no gainsaying the fact that a huge number of people are living in abject poverty in most rural parts of the world, most especially in Asian and African countries, the notable factor for this high rate of poverty in these rural areas is due to the fact that a well-developed highway that links people to most rural areas is absent. Some even have poor roads that link people to the community such that during the rainy season they no longer become motorable, making it difficult if not impossible to access these communities or to carry out business activities there.

For instance, in the early months of this year I visited one of the rural areas of a state in my country. While visiting the place, I discovered there’s a point where the vehicle cannot move beyond; even the untarred road we plied to the place was not in good condition. Hence, the settlement is only accessible by motorcycle. However, in that rural area I discovered that there were different big farms owned by different farmers such as cocoa plantations, plantain plantations, orange plantations among others.

Since this location lacks a motorable road, it will be difficult if not impossible for the farmers to access the market place to sell their agricultural produce, likewise buyers cannot easily access the market place to buy the farm produce from the farmers. Hence, the harvested cash crops cannot be sold to get money and the major part of the crops get rotten, leading to labour waste and increase in the poverty level of the farmers. This among others is one of the ways in which lack of motorable road can affect the business activities of an area.

Truly speaking, industrial development and job creation often manifest as a result of quality of road transport in an environment. High quality road transport allows business activities to easily take place in a community.

Basic Factors for Road Transport Development

Free road construction Images, Pictures, and Royalty-Free Stock ... Virtually everyone makes use of road transport for one reason or the other to meet their needs. Roads that are poorly developed are dangerous to human life. Motorists plying poorly developed roads may create unwanted delays, congestion, pollution, rise in costs, and the most resultant effect of using poor roads is that it may lead to fatal accidents. Better developed road network will reduce costs and travel time, boost trade activities and improve general welfare. However, the following are the list of factors for road transport development:
  1. Adequate Planning: Roads that will increase quality and traffic safety demands adequate planning. It provides uniform traffic convenience.
  2. Distance: A location that is far removed from other places due to lack of motorable road may influence the construction and development of roads for easy accessibility.
  3. Political: Politicians can also influence or cancel road construction and development.
  4. Economic: Economic activities taking place in a particular area or settlement may enhance road development.
  5. Qualified Contractors: Experienced contractors with required equipment for successful implementation of the contract may encourage the desire for road development.
  6. Funding: Inadequate funding may lead to cancellation of road development.
Nevertheless, the notable effects of road development on economic, agricultural, and urban growth as well as poverty reduction in both rural and urban areas cannot be overemphasized. Image credited to :https://www.freeimages.com

3 Basic Essential Qualities of a Logistics Firm You Need to Know

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Logistics industry helps to develop the economic growth of a nation and also supports the quality of life by supplying human needs and also goods needed for industrial production. Hence, it’s worthy to say that the logistics industry promotes economic activity.

The capability to effectively manage storage and movement of goods in and out of a company within and outside of a country in order to efficiently satisfy customers’ requirements through efficient and effective use of road transport, railway transport, air transport and sea transport system, explains the basic duty of a logistics company.

However, there are three basic essential qualities of a logistics company you need to know:

  1. Flexibility: A good logistics industry is always ready and able to change a particular logistics operations at the shortest notice when the need arises or better still capable to handle different logistics operations at the same time in order to satisfy customers’ demand.

This is characterized by a ready capability of logistics industry at any point in time to adapt new order or requirements. Therefore, the capacity of logistics industry to promptly handle emergencies when required is one of the notable qualities of a logistics firm.

  1. Speed: Speed here means the rate at which a logistics firm handles or supplies customers’ demands at the right time. Speed is the essential ingredient of all logistics firms. The speed at which a logistics firm effectively coordinates the different movements of different products or goods in and out of different companies across the board at the right time to the right destinations, is an essential quality to keep your customers in the business.
  2. Reliability: Reliability is an essential tool for a logistics firm to continue selling their services to their prospective customers. No one will like to do business with any organization that is not dependable. A logistics firm must be trusted by their numerous customers to provide what is needed at the right time and at the right place. Logistics firm must do everything possible in all its capacity to reduce risk of a breakdown in the supply of goods to the customers, as this may discourage them in doing business with your firm.

In conclusion, every logistics company must showcase these three essential qualities: the ability to adapt to any change in customers’ demand or to any unforeseen circumstance; the ability to efficiently and effectively carry out transport operations to avoid unnecessary delay and provide just-in-time delivery; and the ability to build a proven track record that can be trusted and relied upon by your customers which are the essential factors that define the quality of a logistics firm.

Logistics Industry: A Key Factor For Industrial Growth And Prosperity

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A good management of any company must desire to grow, growth in the sense of progressive development of the business. A good management indeed, anticipates for progressive growth mostly in capital, value and income. In this sense, it is only a bad management that will refuse to grow or expand its business. The fundamental purpose of establishing most companies or businesses is to create wealth, reduce poverty and more importantly to sustain growth. It is important to note that the services of all logistics industries are important to bring this fundamental purpose of every business to reality.

Logistics industry supports good management of any given company or business. It’s a sign of a good management to see a company that grows at a greater rate than her whole economy and it is also a sign of good management when the management of such company usually directs a relative high percentage of the income made into the business for future expansion. All the way, logistics industry also provides immediate support for the future expansion of a business for both domestic and international logistics needs through road, air, rail and sea transport.

However, anticipation for progressive growth as management team of your company is not enough without adequate factors to bring it into reality; one of the notable factors or agents of positive change is logistics industry. Logistics industry is the most important factor with direct positive impact on the bottom line to grow your company’s operations. Logistics deliver superior quality service that will definitely boost the economic well-being of your company.

For instance, if a production or manufacturing company increases or doubles her production probably due to the high demand of her product from her prospective customers, in such situation, the freight volume grows, the cost of transportation also increases and transportation becomes more and more complex. Hence, in such situation, the need for a logistics industry for effective supply chain management and to reduce the cost of transportation becomes inevitable.

The ability to effectively control the flow and storage of goods into and out of a company, both within and outside a country, to support efficient production and to satisfy the customers’ demand better at the right time across-the-board, while at the same time, reducing the cost of transportation as well as the cost of operation are the most important factors to make your company to grow at a greater rate.

Why? It is because customers are the live wire of any given business, satisfying their demands at the right time at any given location which is the quality service of logistics industry, while at the same time helping your organization to solve the problem of complex transportation and reducing the cost are the ways to economic prosperity of your company.

Image credited to: Dreamstime.com

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