Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Author: peterowinje (Page 1 of 16)

5 Top Reasons for Seaport Selection

In every sector of any given industry, making decisions on what to do for daily progress at the work place remains a necessary task. Likewise, in container shipping industry, the choice of a seaport terminal is one of the important decisions to make by shipping lines and market players involved.

Making the choice of a terminal seaport along the journey or on every single route involves several factors that will make shipping profitable for both importers and the shipping industries. In any business venture, profitability is one of the notable keys that indicate industrial progress. In addition, it is important to also note that there are factors showing that not every port can accommodate different sizes of ships. Therefore, to avoid unnecessary delay, the need for port selection on every single route becomes evident.

The following are factors guiding port selection:

  1. Location of the Port: A port location that allows the efficiency of inter modal transport system may influence the choice of the players involved.
  2. Volume of Cargo Handling: Ports that can handle high number of cargo which can guarantee a valuable return to both shippers and shipping industries as well as multi modal operators will definitely be considered in the selection of calling ports on every single route.
  3. Terminal Charges: Terminal charges are placed on shipping industries by different port authorities. However, if the charges are too exorbitant such as to affect operation profitability, the shipping industries may be discouraged to make use of such port if alternative ports are available.
  4. Handling Efficiency/Reduction in Delay: Any port that can handle high volume of cargo will reduce unnecessary delay of ships at the port, which will ultimately influence the choice of both the importers and shipping industries.
  5. Water Depth: The water depth of a seaport is a major factor that the shipping industry will consider to select the terminal port. A deeper water depth will accommodate larger ships.

Maritime transport remains an efficient mode of carrying large number of cargoes. Shipping across the continent may involve at least two ports which are the home port and the final destination port. However, in most cases it may involve more than two ports, and this may be a port of call along a single route or journey. Nevertheless, no matter the number of the ports involved in intercontinental shipping, proper management of ports and their capacity play an important role in port selection.

 

7 Peculiarities of Maritime Transportation

As the world population increases virtually every year mostly in African countries and developing countries in other continents of the world, likewise, the demand for different products around the world continues to increase on a large scale. In view of this, the development of industries on an extensive scale across the globe becomes inevitable, mostly in developed countries who would like to expand their global trade and economy. To make this possible, maritime or marine transportation becomes necessary. Unfortunately, the emergence of Covid-19 pandemic has affected the operation of industries and maritime operations.

It is interesting to note that international container shipping industries around the world enhance trading among nations to improve the standard of living globally hence, thousands of containers are loaded daily in different seaports around the world. No nation in the world is an island or is self-sufficient; every nation depends on one another for one or more products which call for global trade and to make this possible, there is the need for efficient mode of transport at a low cost that can carry large number of goods across geographical locations. Hence, marine transport remains the most suitable mode.

Maritime transport has huge benefits and here are some of them:

  1. More than 80% of global trade is made possible through maritime transport. This mode of transport supports global trade activities thus enhancing even distribution of different products or goods around the world.
  2. It supports multimodal transport system. The use of seaport increases the use of other modes of transport to complement each other, in order to make goods available where they are needed.
  3. Marine transport is a very efficient transport mode for moving huge number of container goods more than any other mode. For instance, a large container ship can carry more than 23,000 containers i.e. TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units).
  4. Since industrialized and developed countries depend majorly on container shipping industry or marine transport to boost global trade and economy, this means that through the support of marine transportation more jobs are created. This serves as means of livelihood for billions of people around the world. In simple language, marine transport can be used in any given nation to liberate millions of people from abject poverty.
  5. Since sea transport has the potential to boost the economy of a nation, generate employment, and open up new business opportunities, then, it will not be an overstatement to say that marine transportation is an indispensable tool for global sustainable development for 2030 agenda.
  6. Despite the efficient use of marine transport or container ships in the world today, the mode of transport still remains the least in environmental pollution when you compare it to other transportation modes. For instance, a single container ship may have in-built capacity to carry larger cargo than more than 100 articulated vehicles or lorries can carry. In simple language, it is more environmental friendly than other transport modes. However, monorail and electric car are excluded in this comparison.
  7. It’s economical and safer: Ships consume lesser fuel with lower air pollution. There are now notable improvement in ships’ engine in terms of effectiveness. There’s also low rate of accident in seaport transportation.

The major roles of marine transport is to contribute to trade activities and to sustain development. Therefore, maritime transportation plays these key roles and everyone in the world today enjoys these benefits.

10 SAFETY TIPS FOR ROAD USERS

Virtually everyone is a road user; everyone depends on road transport for one reason or the other. Indeed, it is an indispensable part of our daily activities which also has a high element of risk, this explains why road safety must not be taken for granted. A report from The Washington Post revealed, that in 2018, 6,282 pedestrians and 857 bike operators lost their lives while making use of the road in US.

There were thousand of people in US who lost their dear lives to road accidents, for instance, in 2017, 40,231 people lost their lives in road accidents, in 2018, 39,404 people lost their lives in road accidents and while in 2019, 38, 800 people lost their lives to road accidents. In other words, it means in 3 years in US 118,435 people went untimely to an early grave due to road accident. While, 4.4 million people in US were seriously injured in road accidents in 2019.

In India close to 140,000 people lost their lives to road accident virtually every year. Road traffic accident is a common problem in most countries and a leading cause of death for children and young adults. This explains why safety consciousness is very important for all road users.

Road safety advice refers to suggestions that can keep road users safe from danger while using the road. The tips are as follows:

  1. Do not be too much in a hurry to a place, programme, or an event while using the road. Why? It is better to arrive late than to be a late man.
  2. Never use the road as if it belongs to you alone. We are all road users, so put others into consideration while making use of the road.
  3. Never drive recklessly on the road. If you do, it may be a short cut to your early grave.
  4. Over-speeding may excite you but it kills in a split second.
  5. The best way to save lives while driving is to obey traffic rules.
  6. If you drink don’t drive, and if you drive don’t drink. But if you prove otherwise, you’re the most dangerous person and a big fool. Why a fool? You are not advised not to drink or drive, you are only advised not to drive when you drink because alcohol can impair your driving ability; consequently making the road unsafe for all road users. So it is only a fool that is aware of danger but still refuses to ‘keep out’.
  7. You may leave home early but unforeseen circumstances may cause unnecessary delay on the road; yet, do not over-speed. It is better to lose minutes or hours than to lose lives.
  8. Your driving license is not enough without your determination to drive safe always; this is a key to road safety.
  9. Don’t forget to use your seat belt. Observation reveals that death occurs as a result of occupants hitting their head against the windshield or being thrown out of the vehicle or banging against vehicle parts. More so, the seat belt also helps to protect a pregnant woman and her unborn child in a car. Nevertheless, pregnant women are advised to wear the lap belt low, in such a way that it pulls downward on the pelvic bones. In other words, they should not wear it against their abdomen. In short, the seat belt still remains the number one vehicle safety device.
  10. Nonetheless, it does not hurt to obey traffic rules or yield to road safety tips or advice.

Finally, it is your civic duty as a motorist or road user to make the road safe for all. Good driving training and necessary awareness to pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists about traffic rules in urban area should be strictly observed these among others are the way to make are road safer.

10 Safety Tips for Road Users

Virtually everyone is a road user; everyone depends on road transport for one reason or the other. Indeed, it is an indispensable part of our daily activities which also has a high element of risk. This explains why safety consciousness is very important for all road users.

Road safety advice refers to suggestions that can keep road users safe from danger while using the road. The tips are as follows:

  1. Do not be too much in a hurry to a place, programme, or an event while using the road. Why? It is better to arrive late than to be a late man.
  2. Never use the road as if it belongs to you alone. We are all road users, so put others into consideration while making use of the road.
  3. Never drive recklessly on the road. If you do, it may be a short cut to your early grave.
  4. Over-speeding may excite you but it kills in a split second.
  5. The best way to save lives while driving is to obey traffic rules.
  6. If you drink don’t drive, and if you drive don’t drink. But if you prove otherwise, you’re the most dangerous person and a big fool. Why a fool? You are not advised not to drink or drive, you are only advised not to drive when you drink because alcohol can impair your driving ability; consequently making the road unsafe for all road users. So it is only a fool that is aware of danger but still refuses to ‘keep out’.
  7. You may leave home early but unforeseen circumstances may cause unnecessary delay on the road; yet, do not overspeed. It is better to lose minutes or hours than to lose lives.
  8. Your driving license is not enough without your determination to drive safe always; this is a key to road safety.
  9. Don’t forget to use your seat belt. Observation reveals that death occurs as a result of occupants hitting their head against the windshield or being thrown out of the vehicle or banging against vehicle parts. More so, the seat belt also helps to protect a pregnant woman and her unborn child in a car. Nevertheless, pregnant women are advised to wear the lap belt low, in such a way that it pulls downward on the pelvic bones. In other words, they should not wear it against their abdomen. In short, the seat belt still remains the number one vehicle safety device.
  10. Nonetheless, it does not hurt to obey traffic rules or yield to road safety tips or advice.                                                                                                                          Finally, it is your civic duty as a motorist or road user to make the road safe for all.

Road Traffic Accident

Road accident has become a major traffic problem in the world, which needs to be proactively addressed. The death and injuries from road accident are worrisome and the good news is that they can be reduced or prevented to the barest minimum. There is need to work hand in hand with all notable agencies relating to road safety to prevent road accidents. There is also need to create awareness that road safety is individual responsibility or better still, the responsibility of all road users, be it motorist, cyclist, or pedestrian, so that we can consciously reduce the rate of accidents on our roads.

There’s no doubt that road transport has brought better life and development to mankind. The difficulty of mobility for man, animals and things from one place to another has probably been the force behind motor vehicle invention by the inventors, hence, the saying: “Necessity is the mother of invention”. The invention was aimed at a better life for humans, but today, due to human error, road transport has been identified as major cause of death in the world.

However, road accidents can be avoided if we work towards it, and that is the essence of this article. Since everyone is a road user and road transport is the most used mode of transport, this as a result has increased the high number of vehicle on public roads. For instance, in US close to 280 million vehicles ply public roads, while 277.5 million people are with valid US driver’s license and in 2018, not more than 12 million vehicles were involved in road accidents.

Like I have stated earlier in this article, motorization brings better life to man and the society as a whole but the rate of death and injuries while using the road remains worrisome. Road traffic accident is high in developing countries mostly in Africa where we have high number of poor people who are mostly pedestrians, cyclists, and passengers of buses and minibuses. For instance, in 2008, the India Ministry of Transport revealed that 119,860 road users died in road accidents while in 2009, 126,896 people died in road accidents while in 2010, 133,938 road users died in road accidents.

Road transport accident is majorly caused by human factors that is why I will like to say that road transport safety remains the responsibility of all road users irrespective of their category.

Road traffic safety

“ROAD SAFETY AND MEDIA REPORTING Road traffic crashes are often covered in the media simply as events—not as a leading killer of people and an enormous drain on a country’s human, health and financial resources. By framing road safety as a health and development story, with data and in-depth information, journalists have the opportunity to affect the way these stories are told and potentially to help shift public behaviour and attitudes, influence policy and therefore contribute towards saving lives.” Source: WHO

“Road traffic safety refers to the methods and measures used to prevent road users from being killed or seriously injured. Typical road users include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, vehicle passengers, horse riders, and passengers of on-road public transport (mainly buses and trams).

Best practices in modern road safety strategy:

The basic strategy of a Safe System approach is to ensure that in the event of a crash, the impact energies remain below the threshold likely to produce either death or serious injury. This threshold will vary from crash scenario to crash scenario, depending upon the level of protection offered to the road users involved. For example, the chances of survival for an unprotected pedestrian hit by a vehicle diminish rapidly at speeds greater than 30 km/h, whereas for a properly restrained motor vehicle occupant the critical impact speed is 50 km/h (for side impact crashes) and 70 km/h (for head-on crashes).

— International Transport Forum, Towards Zero, Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach, Executive Summary page 19[1]

As sustainable solutions for all classes of road safety have not been identified, particularly low-traffic rural and remote roads, a hierarchy of control should be applied, similar to classifications used to improve occupational safety and health. At the highest level is sustainable prevention of serious injury and death crashes, with sustainable requiring all key result areas to be considered. At the second level is real-time risk reduction, which involves providing users at severe risk with a specific warning to enable them to take mitigating action. The third level is about reducing the crash risk which involves applying the road-design standards and guidelines (such as from AASHTO), improving driver behavior and enforcement”.

Source: Wikipidea

Railway Transport: A Major Source of Job Creation

There are several thousands of people, if not millions, in the world today who are jobless. An article was recently published by forbes.com on July 24, 2020 with the caption: ’30 Million are unemployed… in U.S…’ Another article published on July 24, 2020 by The New York Times reads: ‘About 30 Million Workers are Collecting Jobless Benefits’ In US. Hence, there is relative increase in the labour force in many nations around the world. In other words, there is high increase in the number of unemployed persons globally due to the Covid-19 pandemic, but the job creation to engage this increase in labour force is lagging behind in some of these nations, mostly in developing countries.

This writer believes that Covid-19, a global pandemic, will sooner or later be history, hence, the need for job creation becomes inevitable. The establishment of railway transportation as a source of job creation to cater for the teeming jobless youths is the main focus of this article. Apart from job creation, railway transport system can also accelerate economic development and consolidate the business activities within a nation.

Railway transport still remains the major source of job creation in any nation. The transport system employs people in thousands and also contributes to the economic development of any given nation. In fact, investment in rail transport network system can reduce the number of the unemployed and boost economic productivity. For better explanation, let us consider one or more countries here and examine the number of employees in each railway transport system of the countries.

China Railway Corporation

The China Railway transport system is known as China State Railway Group Co. Ltd. It is a state owned corporation where the Ministry of Finance performs the duties of shareholders and also chooses the board that manages the Corporation. The estimated employees is said to be 2 million people.

India Railway

India Railway network is said to move over 23 million passengers every day and it is said to be the 4th largest network in the world. The railway employed 1.23 million people as at 2019.

Egyptian Railway

The Egyptian Railway transport system transports 1.4 million people daily and it is said to employ 86,000 people.

Germany Railway

The railway transport system in Germany provides safety and quality service for its numerous passengers. For instance, in 2006, the railway transport moved passengers close to 119, 698, 000 on its long-distance train while on short-distance journey the trains moved 2, 091, 828, 000 passengers in the same year by Deutsche Bahn company.

However, the government-owned railway company, Deutsche Bahn, had 323,900 staff in 2019 while as at 2018, the number of staff were 318,500. Despite this huge number of staff in Deutsche Bahn as one may imagine, it was discovered that the company lacked adequate service staff personnel in 5, 213 passenger stations across the country. This simply suggests that railway transport system is indeed, a major source of job creation.

Without any element of doubt, it is clear that railway transport provides thousands of jobs to people. The transport system has the potential to reduce high rate of unemployment in a nation.

Don’t Put Your Life in Danger! Be Tire Safety-Conscious

Tire Failures: A Leading Cause Of Rollover Accidents

The most important transport system that can serve or connect other modes of transport is road transport system. The road transport system complements other modes of transport, such as sea/water transport, air transport and rail transport. Motor vehicle is one of the most important inventions of 18th century in road transport system. Today different kind of vehicles are made for both comfort and efficient movement of people and goods.

However, the black round objects that move your vehicle around remain one of the essential parts of your motor vehicle. They play an essential role in road safety. By showing poor safety concern about the tires on your vehicle, which are the only objects that come in contact with the road, you may be putting your life and the lives of other road users at epic risk.

Tires enable your vehicle to grip the road, to turn easily, and to firmly stop your vehicle when you apply the brake; and more importantly, the tires carry the weight of your vehicle, hence, malfunction of any of these tires due to poor safety and the negligence of the drivers may lead to serious or fatal accident. For example, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration revealed that almost 200 fatal accidents in a year are due to tire failure.

Indeed, the outcome of a tire failure can be disastrous, the car may somersault, and at times it may move uncontrollably against the oncoming traffic or move uncontrollably off the road. This explains why motorists must show safety concern about the tires in their car by checking tire pressure monthly, inspecting the tires monthly to ensure they are safe for use, and occasionally changing the tires’ position in order to check uneven wear out and to increase the lifespan of the tires. In addition, be a good observer, if you notice any unfamiliar or strange noise from any of the tires do not waste time to find out the cause and try to fix it timely.

Road traffic accident due to tire failure is a public health concern which has to be addressed by all motorists through unrelenting effort of being safety conscious about the tires that move you around.

Image Credited to: David&Philpot

10 Notable Factors for Road Accident

Car Accident Stock Pictures, Royalty-free Photos & Images Road transport becomes common transport usage in the world, it’s the only mode of transport that can support other transport modes in order to function better. Road accident rate has become a major setback in road transportation. Approximately 1.35 million people die each year as a result of road accidents, and it is the leading cause of death for children and young adults from age 5 to 29 years. However, here are the list of factors that can cause road traffic accident:
  1. Over-speeding
  2. Driving under the influence of alcohol
  3. Psychoactive drugs or substance
  4. Non-use of seat belt
  5. Distracted driving
  6. Poor road infrastructure
  7. Poor vehicle condition
  8. Unnecessary delay after an auto crash
  9. Poor law enforcement
  10. Impatience
Road traffic accidents cause significant economic losses to private individuals, families and to the nation at large. These economic losses are traceable to treatment cost, loss of productivity as a result of death or permanent injuries from auto crash, likewise for the family members who need to take permission from work or school to take care of the victim. Therefore, we all need to rise as road users to ensure that these economic losses that come as a result of road accidents are reduced.

12 Benefits of Highway

Fast-growing North Carolina region at odds over traffic jams ... Image credited to: IdahoPress

Highways are the main public roads that connect different cities, towns and at times, villages etc. together. It is a major and significant public road that is able and fit to carry fairly heavy traffic. Since automobile has gained popularity in the world today, the need for adequate and efficient transport system for promoting economic development is a notable fact that cannot be underemphasized. Substantial investments on road infrastructural development by government at different levels e.g. Federal, State and local government are also frantic efforts to attract investors which will in turn promote the economy.

For instance, in China virtually all regions either rural or urban are linked by highways with Beijing and Shanghai . This helps China to increase economic activities in all regions.

Highways have great benefits to industries, educational institutions, tourist centres, hospitals, to mention but few. It plays an indispensable role in the economy of both the developed and the developing countries of the world in making travels easier and faster. Hence, any problem that may affect smooth transport operations on highways may have great negative impacts on the economy of a nation at large. This and many other reasons explain why highways are important to a nation. However, below are the benefits of highways:

  1. Good transport infrastructure, like highway network, enhances transport system that reduces transportation costs and this, in turn, definitely reduces production costs while increasing the productivity and profitability of organizations.
  2. Highway networks also make transportation schedules and deliveries more reliable and timely.
  3. Highways also contribute immensely to social growth, relatives are able to visit their loved ones more often and it enhances good relationship between family and friends.
  4. Highways can relatively reduce travel time to villages, cities and towns thereby encouraging people to travel for business and trade.
  5. Highways make journeys faster, comfortable and safer than usual while at the same time reducing fuel consumption.
  6. Highways allow regions or different communities that are linked to the highway to gain comparative advantage.
  7. It is highly durable: Oftentimes highways are well constructed, they stay strong and in good condition over a long period of time.
  8. It helps to reduce accident rate. The life of any individual road user is important. Good roads help to reduce rate of accident that may come as a result of bad roads. For instance, highway constructed to link Tibet one of the provinces in China was said to have reduced accident rate in the area by 40%.
  9. It reduces the cost of vehicle maintenance, when you compare it to vehicles subject to extraordinary rough physical treatment under poor road condition.
  10. Highways increase the life-span of a vehicle: Under poor road condition tires, brakes, clutches and other vehicle parts suffer when moving on a bad road. But when the roads are good the vehicle’s parts function well over a good period of time
  11. Highways support development: Use of highways will affect virtually every economic activity of the environment. Hence, every rural community that is separated from others due to lack of motorable road will be economically challenged. For instance, highway construction that links Tibet Province in China plays an important role in Tibet’s development.
  12. Highway makes life better in various ways: such as reducing travel time for: Residents; workers; students; accessing health services; tourist centers and market places. It also reduce cost of travel by motorcycles and vehicles as well as reducing the transportation cost for industries thereby reducing production cost, while increasing passenger services and more importantly reducing traffic accidents. Indeed, highway brings significant improvements for man in many ways.

Having considered the above benefits of Highway construction, it is important that highway construction project should not be politicized. Political strategies that discriminate against highway in rural communities mostly in developing countries must be checked. Adequate fund provision for the project must not be undermined. Corruption in the part of government officials in awarding road projects must also be checked. The designs, construction and regulations of the highways and the vehicles used on them and the training of drivers and other road users may go a long way in making our highways safer for all of us.

 

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