Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Category: road safety (Page 1 of 3)

Road Traffic Accident

Road accident has become a major traffic problem in the world, which needs to be proactively addressed. The death and injuries from road accident are worrisome and the good news is that they can be reduced or prevented to the barest minimum. There is need to work hand in hand with all notable agencies relating to road safety to prevent road accidents. There is also need to create awareness that road safety is individual responsibility or better still, the responsibility of all road users, be it motorist, cyclist, or pedestrian, so that we can consciously reduce the rate of accidents on our roads.

There’s no doubt that road transport has brought better life and development to mankind. The difficulty of mobility for man, animals and things from one place to another has probably been the force behind motor vehicle invention by the inventors, hence, the saying: “Necessity is the mother of invention”. The invention was aimed at a better life for humans, but today, due to human error, road transport has been identified as major cause of death in the world.

However, road accidents can be avoided if we work towards it, and that is the essence of this article. Since everyone is a road user and road transport is the most used mode of transport, this as a result has increased the high number of vehicle on public roads. For instance, in US close to 280 million vehicles ply public roads, while 277.5 million people are with valid US driver’s license and in 2018, not more than 12 million vehicles were involved in road accidents.

Like I have stated earlier in this article, motorization brings better life to man and the society as a whole but the rate of death and injuries while using the road remains worrisome. Road traffic accident is high in developing countries mostly in Africa where we have high number of poor people who are mostly pedestrians, cyclists, and passengers of buses and minibuses. For instance, in 2008, the India Ministry of Transport revealed that 119,860 road users died in road accidents while in 2009, 126,896 people died in road accidents while in 2010, 133,938 road users died in road accidents.

Road transport accident is majorly caused by human factors that is why I will like to say that road transport safety remains the responsibility of all road users irrespective of their category.

Road traffic safety

“ROAD SAFETY AND MEDIA REPORTING Road traffic crashes are often covered in the media simply as events—not as a leading killer of people and an enormous drain on a country’s human, health and financial resources. By framing road safety as a health and development story, with data and in-depth information, journalists have the opportunity to affect the way these stories are told and potentially to help shift public behaviour and attitudes, influence policy and therefore contribute towards saving lives.” Source: WHO

“Road traffic safety refers to the methods and measures used to prevent road users from being killed or seriously injured. Typical road users include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, vehicle passengers, horse riders, and passengers of on-road public transport (mainly buses and trams).

Best practices in modern road safety strategy:

The basic strategy of a Safe System approach is to ensure that in the event of a crash, the impact energies remain below the threshold likely to produce either death or serious injury. This threshold will vary from crash scenario to crash scenario, depending upon the level of protection offered to the road users involved. For example, the chances of survival for an unprotected pedestrian hit by a vehicle diminish rapidly at speeds greater than 30 km/h, whereas for a properly restrained motor vehicle occupant the critical impact speed is 50 km/h (for side impact crashes) and 70 km/h (for head-on crashes).

— International Transport Forum, Towards Zero, Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach, Executive Summary page 19[1]

As sustainable solutions for all classes of road safety have not been identified, particularly low-traffic rural and remote roads, a hierarchy of control should be applied, similar to classifications used to improve occupational safety and health. At the highest level is sustainable prevention of serious injury and death crashes, with sustainable requiring all key result areas to be considered. At the second level is real-time risk reduction, which involves providing users at severe risk with a specific warning to enable them to take mitigating action. The third level is about reducing the crash risk which involves applying the road-design standards and guidelines (such as from AASHTO), improving driver behavior and enforcement”.

Source: Wikipidea

Don’t Put Your Life in Danger! Be Tire Safety-Conscious

Tire Failures: A Leading Cause Of Rollover Accidents

The most important transport system that can serve or connect other modes of transport is road transport system. The road transport system complements other modes of transport, such as sea/water transport, air transport and rail transport. Motor vehicle is one of the most important inventions of 18th century in road transport system. Today different kind of vehicles are made for both comfort and efficient movement of people and goods.

However, the black round objects that move your vehicle around remain one of the essential parts of your motor vehicle. They play an essential role in road safety. By showing poor safety concern about the tires on your vehicle, which are the only objects that come in contact with the road, you may be putting your life and the lives of other road users at epic risk.

Tires enable your vehicle to grip the road, to turn easily, and to firmly stop your vehicle when you apply the brake; and more importantly, the tires carry the weight of your vehicle, hence, malfunction of any of these tires due to poor safety and the negligence of the drivers may lead to serious or fatal accident. For example, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration revealed that almost 200 fatal accidents in a year are due to tire failure.

Indeed, the outcome of a tire failure can be disastrous, the car may somersault, and at times it may move uncontrollably against the oncoming traffic or move uncontrollably off the road. This explains why motorists must show safety concern about the tires in their car by checking tire pressure monthly, inspecting the tires monthly to ensure they are safe for use, and occasionally changing the tires’ position in order to check uneven wear out and to increase the lifespan of the tires. In addition, be a good observer, if you notice any unfamiliar or strange noise from any of the tires do not waste time to find out the cause and try to fix it timely.

Road traffic accident due to tire failure is a public health concern which has to be addressed by all motorists through unrelenting effort of being safety conscious about the tires that move you around.

Image Credited to: David&Philpot

10 Notable Factors for Road Accident

Car Accident Stock Pictures, Royalty-free Photos & Images Road transport becomes common transport usage in the world, it’s the only mode of transport that can support other transport modes in order to function better. Road accident rate has become a major setback in road transportation. Approximately 1.35 million people die each year as a result of road accidents, and it is the leading cause of death for children and young adults from age 5 to 29 years. However, here are the list of factors that can cause road traffic accident:
  1. Over-speeding
  2. Driving under the influence of alcohol
  3. Psychoactive drugs or substance
  4. Non-use of seat belt
  5. Distracted driving
  6. Poor road infrastructure
  7. Poor vehicle condition
  8. Unnecessary delay after an auto crash
  9. Poor law enforcement
  10. Impatience
Road traffic accidents cause significant economic losses to private individuals, families and to the nation at large. These economic losses are traceable to treatment cost, loss of productivity as a result of death or permanent injuries from auto crash, likewise for the family members who need to take permission from work or school to take care of the victim. Therefore, we all need to rise as road users to ensure that these economic losses that come as a result of road accidents are reduced.

5 Safety Tips for Your Car Tyre

Destroyed blown out tire with exploded, shredded and damaged tire on a modern automobile. damaged truck rubber after tire explosion at high speed. Damaged flat tires: old car. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reveals that over 700 people die every year in road accidents caused by tyre failure. In addition, The National Transportation Safety Board reveals that more than 500 people die while about 19,000 people are injured every year in auto crashes related to tyre failure. However, as a motorist here are safety tips you need to know:
  1. Do not delay to replace your tyre, if it is worn out
  2. Reduce your speed during rain or wet weather
  3. Do not overload your vehicle
  4. Carry out regular checks on your vehicle alignment
  5. Check your tyre pressure at least twice in a month and more importantly before a long journey.
All motorists are advised through this platform to take the issue of tyre safety more serious.  


Driving is a very important task that all motorists must not take for granted. As a result of the poor safety consciousness of some drivers, several avoidable accidents occur. When safety is compromised, many road users are sent to their early grave while many other innocent road users are left with permanent injury. A vehicle can pose serious danger on the road if the driver of such a vehicle fails to be safety conscious while driving. However, here are 5 safety tips a driver is expected to keep while driving:
  1. Be sure that your wing and rear-view mirrors are properly positioned, for you to see what is behind you.Image result for pictures showing drivers using car mirrorsImage result for pictures showing drivers using car mirrors
  2. Drive at a speed that is safe. Do not over-speed, it killsImage result for pictures showing drivers driving car at high speeds
  3. Be more tolerant of other road users.Image result for pictures showing drivers sharing road rage
  4. Be a good observer while making use of the roadRelated image
  5. When you drive don’t sleep and when you feel like sleeping park your car and sleep, it is highly dangerous to drive while drowsy.
Driving is a task that demands a high level of concentration in order to make our roads safe for all of us.

Road Accidents in Nigeria And Its Erroneous Belief

Related image Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) reveals that 5,053 people lost their lives in road accidents in 2016 while in 2017, 5,049 people also lost their dear lives in road accidents. These figures show that in just 2 years, 10,102 road users in Nigeria, died in road accidents. In addition, National Bureau of Statistics and Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) also reveal that not less than 20,000 vehicles in Nigeria are involve in road accident. it is sad to note that Nigeria is among the leading nations in Africa with high rate of road accident. My observation revealed that each time an accident occurs on Nigerian roads, fairly large number of people believe it is an act of God. Therefore, you see many of the motorists, most especially the commercial ones drive recklessly on the roads even when they are sharing the road with haulage trucks. It is even more obvious among commercial motorcycle operators who believe that no accident can occur except God allows it and that no matter how reckless they drive, it can never lead to an accident. This is an erroneous belief that can result to an untimely death. As an individual, a high rate of road accidents in Nigeria is neither acceptable to me nor do I think it is acceptable to any Nigerian but oftentimes, when you see an accident occur on Nigerian roads, it will not take you a long time before you hear people giving their final conclusion on the whole matter by saying “It is an act of God”. They easily accept any accident that happens on Nigerian roads as an act of God. What a wrong conception! So, one may wonder if God had pre-destined many Nigerians to die by road accidents on daily basis. In addition, one may even be tempted to ask why God would choose road accidents as a means to kill thousands of people in Nigeria. These, among others, are the likely questions that may readily come to mind when one ponders on the frequency of road accidents and the general belief or common conclusion of many people on road traffic accidents as “the act of God” Accidents by circumstance are not God’s errors At this point, it is essential that the writer is neither an Imam nor a pastor over a church. Therefore, I am not looking at this erroneous belief from a religious perspective rather I am looking at it from a professional point of view. In all honesty, most accidents are caused by human errors. The Traffic Safety Council of Zimbabwe reveals that most road accidents in Zimbabwe happen as a result of human errors. According to the statistics given (in Zimbabwe), 93.4% of all accidents recorded during 2014/2015 festive periods were due to human errors. Source: Although, a man can be a victim of an accident by circumstances, this is a situation when a man who has no fault is involved in an accident caused by another man’s fault. Yet, this does not mean that the accident is an act of God, rather it is an avoidable occurrence caused by another man’s errors that makes an innocent man a victim by circumstance. A Case Study For instance, in 2015, an articulated vehicle carrying an unlatched container suddenly slipped off the truck and fell on a commercial bus at Illishan, Ogun State, Nigeria, killing all the12 passengers on board. However, 11 of the victims were said to be students of Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU) and the last person was the driver of the said bus. In addition, the truck driver took to his heels and the truck has no registered number plate, making it so difficult to trace the truck owner and the driver. This particular accident was caused by a human error traceable to four set of people or agencies namely:
  • The truck owner
  • The truck driver
  • The traffic regulatory agencies e.g. The Police, The FRSC, The NSCDC, The VIO, and
  • The Government.
It was a high risk of negligence on the part of the truck owner and the truck driver to carry an unlatched container on public roads. It was also an error from the traffic regulatory agencies to allow an unlatched container to be carried on Nigerian roads without being checked or arresting the truck driver. The last but not the least is the responsibility of the government to make it a law forbidding any truck to carry an unlatched container on public roads. It should be realized that the failure to do and enforce this would amount to an error on the part of the government. However, the said students and the driver were the victims of an accident by circumstance. It was not the fault of the students to board a commercial bus and it was not the fault of the bus driver to use the public road or share the road with a haulage truck, yet they died in the accident they never bargained for by circumstance. It is painful and quite unfortunate that they were not the cause of the accident that claimed their lives. Their untimely deaths were determined by the errors of four categories of people mentioned above; otherwise, it would have been an avoidable accident. Another Case Study In 2013, on Christmas day, to be precise, a woman and her 4 children and 5 other people were killed when a container fell on a stationary commuter bus at Alaba Suru, in Lagos. It was revealed that the truck driver was trying to avoid killing a mad man who slept on the road when the container it carried fell from the truck. It is a pity that the woman, her 4 children and 5 other people were the victims of the accident by circumstance. The death that claimed their lives was not as a result of their own fault, it was the fault of 4 set of people mentioned above. The mad man that slept on the road only showcased a characteristic of a mad man because a normal human being can never sleep on the public road for any reason. So, the mad man might not share in the blame. Moreover, observation also reveals that some of the bus-stops on public roads are luxury apartments for lunatics to live. They make this important transport infrastructure their dwelling place without being checked, thereby making it so difficult for public use. However, the state or government environmental board should be blamed. It’s a menace or a threat to the public to see many mad men and women moving around the city and on the public roads. This is why the government environmental board or agency responsible for environmental sanitation should be blamed. It is expected of them to rise up to the task in reducing the menace constituted by lunatics on our public roads. However, the attempt made by the truck driver to avoid killing the mad man on the road was a good one but it was a big error of negligence for the driver to carry an unlatched container on the public road. Therefore, it was a human error that caused the death of 10 innocent people; otherwise it would have been an avoidable accident. Nonetheless, in transport profession, it is an erroneous assumption or belief to see the death of 11students, the driver , the 5 other people, the woman and her 4 children as the act of God rather it is the act of men known as “human error” which made innocent men victims by circumstance. In the recent time, observations from individuals and professional bodies have indicated that travelling by air is safer than travelling by road. In Nigeria today, hardly can one find a day without the occurrence of a road accident. On the other hand, it is almost a strange thing to hear of a plane crash in air transport throughout a particular year except for some occasional ones. Do you know that thousands of airplanes travel both locally and globally every day? The Federal Aviation Administration reveals that there are 30,000 flights a day in the US. Yet you will hardly hear the news of a plane crash as we have it in road transport on daily basis. My question to those that hold this erroneous belief is ‘Why doesn’t God choose to kill many people on daily basis through plane crashes as we have in road transport? According to Captain Dave Thomas “….commercial air travel is the safest mode in the world.” In all honesty, air transport is far safer than road transport. Why? It is because safety is not negotiable in air transport. This is the reason we don’t have frequent plane crashes on daily basis as we have it in road transport system. When there is a plane crash, the aviation industry tries to research the causes and makes efforts to prevent a future occurrence. Air safety cannot be overemphasized in the aviation industry. If road safety is given due consideration by all road users without being forced, the frequency of road carnages on daily basis will be a day dream and this erroneous belief that makes some motorists, most especially, commercial motorists and motorcyclists to throw caution into the air while making use of the road will no longer seem to have assigned function in a road accident. According to a traffic safety officer in Zimbabwe, Tatenda Chinoda, drivers’ errors are generally the major causes of road traffic accidents in Zimbabwe. Therefore, the high rate of traffic accidents in Nigeria and other parts of the world is not the act of God but the act of men even if an accident occurs due to a mechanical problem, it’s still a human error caused a by mechanical engineer.

Save your life, Your Seat belt, Your Savior

Your Seat belt can save your life.

Your Seat belt can save your life.

Over 15,000 lives are saved in United State each year in road accident because drivers and passengers were wearing seat belts. Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). In addition, in 2017, out of the 37,133 people died in road accidents, 47%  of them failed to wear the seat belt. Moreover, it was estimated that the use of seat belt saved 14,955 lives in 2017 alone. Source: NHTSA The NHTSA Regional Administrator, Thomas M. Louizou, said: “More than half the drivers and passengers being killed in crashes are not wearing seat belts. That is a major problem.” Seat belt is important to the point that it can save your life in an auto crash. This is one of the major reasons among others why you need to wear your seat belt while driving. However, here are the reasons why you need to wear your seat belt.
  1. Some countries make it a law for every motorist.
  2. It will help to prevent your face from hitting the windshield, if your car is stopped suddenly.
  3. When accident occurs and the car is somersaulted, a seat belt will hold you firm on your seat and keep you from being thrown from the vehicle.
  4. It keeps you from hitting against some parts of the vehicle while driving e.g. the door, the car steering wheel and the seat in front of you.
  5. The seat belts keep all the occupants e.g. the driver and passengers from hitting into each other, which may cause a serious injury in some accidents.
  6. In case of accident, airbags may be useless or ineffective if you fail to wear your seat belt; you may still end up being thrown from the car or hit against its parts e.g. the door, the windshield etc., and passengers. In addition, if you are not wearing your belt your body may not be in the best position that benefits from the protection of an airbag.
  7. The use of a seat belt may save your life; this is because death may come as a result from hitting the windshield, being thrown from the vehicle and banging against vehicle parts and passengers.
  8. Use of seat still remains the number one vehicle safety device.
  9. The use of seat belt helps to protect a pregnant woman and her unborn child in a car. However, the pregnant women are advised to wear the lap belt low, in such a way that it pulls downward on the pelvic bones. In other words, they should not wear it against their abdomen.
  10. It does not hurt to use a seat belt.
Without any element of doubt, wearing your seat belt can save you from unwanted accident and untimely death, do not prove otherwise, because your seat belt can be the only savior when accident occur.

Road Accident: A Universal Phenomenon

Car Accident : Stock Photo A car accident scene involving a drunk driver. Road accident is a major contributing factor to the number of daily deaths in the world; virtually every day, people die in road accidents. The importance of road transport to humanity cannot be overemphasized yet the number of deaths resulting from road accidents is undoubtedly worrisome. Painful enough, most of these accidents are preventable; therefore, the need to be more sensitive to enforcing road safety policies must be ascertained without compromise by all the agencies concerned. The road safety agencies in different countries should embark on ‘Operation Reduce All Preventable Road Accidents’. I believe that if all these preventable accidents can be reduced by half it would go a long way in reducing the number of deaths resulting from road accidents. More so, to reduce road accidents, drivers’ behaviour while using the road must be modified. If we sincerely desire to reduce the road accidents on our public roads, the need to focus on the driver’s behaviour becomes inevitable. One of the reasons among others for increase in vehicle collision is the bad behaviour of some drivers or motorists. Therefore, one of the ways to minimize the number of vehicles colliding on public roads is to focus on drivers’ behaviour. We must ensure that they drive in a safe manner; in fact, safety must be their top concern and number one priority when using the road and they must ensure that their vehicles are properly maintained. However, below are the accidents recorded around the world for the year 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively. 2016  February 6 – Nepal – Pasang Lhamu bus crash. A passenger bus fell off the Keurini cliff, below the road, into a ravine. Eleven people were killed and twelve others were injured.  February 18 – Ghana – Bus collision in February 2016, Ghana. Head-on collision between a bus and a truck, 53 killed and at least 23 injured.  March 20 – Spain – Erasmus bus crash, Valencia. A Tata Hispano passenger bus carrying Erasmus students from several countries home from the Fallas Festival in Valencia collided with a car on the Autovía A-7 motorway, near the town of Freginals. Thirteen foreign female students were killed.  May 8 – Afghanistan – May 2016 Afghanistan road crash, Moqor district, Ghazni province. Two buses collided with a fuel tanker, killing 73 and injuring 50 more.  June 7 – United States – In the Kalamazoo bicycle crash, a pickup truck crashed into a group of cyclists killing five.  July 19 – Taiwan – 2016 Taoyuan bus fire, Taoyuan. A tour bus caught fire, killing 24 Chinese tourists, a Taiwanese tour guide, and the driver.  August 15 – Nepal – 2016 Nepal bus crashes, Birtadeurali, Kavrepalanchok District and Siddheshwar, Baitadi District. Two separate bus crashes in Nepal led to the death of 30 people, with 52 injured.  September 3 – Afghanistan – September 2016 Afghanistan road crash, Zabul Province. A bus collided with a fuel tanker; 38 people were killed and 28 were injured.  October 23 – United States – 2016 Interstate 10 tour bus crash, California. A tour bus collided with the back of a semi-trailer truck, killing 13 while 31 others were injured.  November 21 – United States – 2016 Chattanooga school bus crash, Chattanooga, Tennessee. An elementary school bus carrying dozens of students crashed, killing 6 students and injuring 23 others. 2017  January 21 – Italy – 2017 Verona bus crash, Verona. A bus carrying school from Hungary crashed and caught fire on the A4 near Verona a few minutes after midnight. 17 people were killed and 25 others were injured.  February 20 – Philippines – 2017 Tanay bus accident, Tanay, Rizal. A tourist bus carrying more than 50 passengers crashed on a curved road after the vehicle apparently lost control and hit an electric post in Barangay Sampaloc in Tanay, Rizal. 15 people were killed and 40 were injured.  April 18 – Philippines – 2017 Nueva Ecija bus accident, Carranglan, Nueva Ecija. A minibus carrying 77 passengers lost its brakes and fell off a ravine in Carranglan, Nueva Ecija. It is recorded as one of the deadliest road accidents in recent Philippine history, leaving 31 dead and 46 injured.  June 25 – Pakistan – 2017 Bahawalpur explosion, near Ahmedpur East, Bahawalpur – 219 people were killed and at least 34 injured when a tanker truck overturned and people rushed towards it to collect the leaking petrol.  December 14 – France – Perpignan crash, Perpignan. A train crashed into a school bus on a level crossing between Millas and Saint-Féliu-d'Amont in the Arrondissement of Perpignan. Six pupils were killed and twenty-four others were injured.  December 31 – Kenya – At least 36 people perished when a truck collided head-on with a bus near Migaa. 2018  January 2 – Peru – 2018 Pasamayo bus crash. A coach bus plunged off a cliff on a coastal road in Peru, killing 48 people.  January 18 – Kazakhstan – 2018 Aktobe bus fire, Aktobe. A bus carrying Uzbek migrant workers caught fire in Kazakhstan's Aktobe region, killing fifty-two people.  February 10 – Hong Kong – 2018 Hong Kong bus accident. A bus carrying spectators and workers from horse races overturned in the New Territories area. 18 people were killed and 65 were injured.  April 6 – Canada – Humboldt Broncos bus crash. Sixteen people were killed and 13 others injured when a semi-trailer truck and a bus carrying a junior ice hockey team collided near Tisdale, Saskatchewan, Canada.  April 22 – North Korea – 2018 North Korea bus accident. A bus in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea, transporting Chinese tourists fell off a bridge, killing 32 Chinese tourists and 4 North Koreans.  May 25 – Uganda – 2018 Kiryandongo bus accident. A bus in Kiryandongo District collided with a tractor followed by a truck carrying beer, killing at least twenty-two people.  October 6 – United States – A stretch limousine failed to stop at an intersection near Schoharie, New York, killing all 18 people in the vehicle and two pedestrians.  October 10 – Kenya – At least 51 people died when a bus en route from Nairobi to Kisumu went off the road and plunged into a ravine. Source: Wikipedia Having gone through the above list of fatal road accidents around the world, one may be tempted to say that road transportation is a necessary evil. It is important to note that road transportation is not evil neither is it designed to cause evil; it is the human factor that is responsible for most road accidents. And since it is obvious that road transport is inevitable in our daily activities, in fact, it is paramount in  virtually every aspect of the economic, social and political activities of a nation as it is a key instrument to promoting, developing, and shaping the national economy. Therefore, the need to reduce unwanted and preventable road accidents must be the equal task of all of us.

10 Safety Tips for Road Users

Related image Picture credited to: Alberta Motor Association (AMA) Virtually everyone is a road user; everyone depends on road transport for one reason or the other. Indeed, it is an indispensable part of our daily activities which also has a high element of risk. This explains why safety consciousness is very important for all road users. Road safety advice refers to suggestions that can keep road users safe from danger while using the road. The tips are as follows: 1. Do not be too much in a hurry to a place, programme, or an event while using the road. Why? It is better to arrive late than to be a late man. 2. Never use the road as if it belongs to you alone. We are all road users, so put others into consideration while making use of the road. 3. Never drive recklessly on the road. If you do, it may be a short cut to your early grave. 4. Overspeeding may excite you but it kills in a split second. 5. The best way to save lives while driving is to obey traffic rules. 6. If you drink don’t drive, and if you drive don’t drink. But if you prove otherwise, you’re the most dangerous person and a big fool. Why a fool? You are not advised not to drink or drive, you are only advised not to drive when you drink because alcohol can impair your driving ability; consequently making the road unsafe for all road users. So it is only a fool that is aware of danger but still refuses to ‘keep out’. 7. You may leave home early but unforeseen circumstances may cause unnecessary delay on the road; yet, do not overspeed. It is better to lose minutes or hours than to lose lives. 8. Your driving license is not enough without your determination to drive safe always; this is a key to road safety. 9. Don’t forget to use your seat belt. Observation reveals that death occurs as a result of occupants hitting their head against the windshield or being thrown out of the vehicle or banging against vehicle parts. More so, the seat belt also helps to protect a pregnant woman and her unborn child in a car. Nevertheless, pregnant women are advised to wear the lap belt low, in such a way that it pulls downward on the pelvic bones. In other words, they should not wear it against their abdomen. In short, the seat belt still remains the number one vehicle safety device. 10. Nonetheless, it does not hurt to obey traffic rules or yield to road safety tips or advice. Finally, it is your civic duty as a motorist or road user to make the road safe for all.

Page 1 of 3

Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén