Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Category: road transport (Page 1 of 3)

Road Traffic Accident

Road accident has become a major traffic problem in the world, which needs to be proactively addressed. The death and injuries from road accident are worrisome and the good news is that they can be reduced or prevented to the barest minimum. There is need to work hand in hand with all notable agencies relating to road safety to prevent road accidents. There is also need to create awareness that road safety is individual responsibility or better still, the responsibility of all road users, be it motorist, cyclist, or pedestrian, so that we can consciously reduce the rate of accidents on our roads.

There’s no doubt that road transport has brought better life and development to mankind. The difficulty of mobility for man, animals and things from one place to another has probably been the force behind motor vehicle invention by the inventors, hence, the saying: “Necessity is the mother of invention”. The invention was aimed at a better life for humans, but today, due to human error, road transport has been identified as major cause of death in the world.

However, road accidents can be avoided if we work towards it, and that is the essence of this article. Since everyone is a road user and road transport is the most used mode of transport, this as a result has increased the high number of vehicle on public roads. For instance, in US close to 280 million vehicles ply public roads, while 277.5 million people are with valid US driver’s license and in 2018, not more than 12 million vehicles were involved in road accidents.

Like I have stated earlier in this article, motorization brings better life to man and the society as a whole but the rate of death and injuries while using the road remains worrisome. Road traffic accident is high in developing countries mostly in Africa where we have high number of poor people who are mostly pedestrians, cyclists, and passengers of buses and minibuses. For instance, in 2008, the India Ministry of Transport revealed that 119,860 road users died in road accidents while in 2009, 126,896 people died in road accidents while in 2010, 133,938 road users died in road accidents.

Road transport accident is majorly caused by human factors that is why I will like to say that road transport safety remains the responsibility of all road users irrespective of their category.

12 Benefits of Highway

Fast-growing North Carolina region at odds over traffic jams ... Image credited to: IdahoPress

Highways are the main public roads that connect different cities, towns and at times, villages etc. together. It is a major and significant public road that is able and fit to carry fairly heavy traffic. Since automobile has gained popularity in the world today, the need for adequate and efficient transport system for promoting economic development is a notable fact that cannot be underemphasized. Substantial investments on road infrastructural development by government at different levels e.g. Federal, State and local government are also frantic efforts to attract investors which will in turn promote the economy.

For instance, in China virtually all regions either rural or urban are linked by highways with Beijing and Shanghai . This helps China to increase economic activities in all regions.

Highways have great benefits to industries, educational institutions, tourist centres, hospitals, to mention but few. It plays an indispensable role in the economy of both the developed and the developing countries of the world in making travels easier and faster. Hence, any problem that may affect smooth transport operations on highways may have great negative impacts on the economy of a nation at large. This and many other reasons explain why highways are important to a nation. However, below are the benefits of highways:

  1. Good transport infrastructure, like highway network, enhances transport system that reduces transportation costs and this, in turn, definitely reduces production costs while increasing the productivity and profitability of organizations.
  2. Highway networks also make transportation schedules and deliveries more reliable and timely.
  3. Highways also contribute immensely to social growth, relatives are able to visit their loved ones more often and it enhances good relationship between family and friends.
  4. Highways can relatively reduce travel time to villages, cities and towns thereby encouraging people to travel for business and trade.
  5. Highways make journeys faster, comfortable and safer than usual while at the same time reducing fuel consumption.
  6. Highways allow regions or different communities that are linked to the highway to gain comparative advantage.
  7. It is highly durable: Oftentimes highways are well constructed, they stay strong and in good condition over a long period of time.
  8. It helps to reduce accident rate. The life of any individual road user is important. Good roads help to reduce rate of accident that may come as a result of bad roads. For instance, highway constructed to link Tibet one of the provinces in China was said to have reduced accident rate in the area by 40%.
  9. It reduces the cost of vehicle maintenance, when you compare it to vehicles subject to extraordinary rough physical treatment under poor road condition.
  10. Highways increase the life-span of a vehicle: Under poor road condition tires, brakes, clutches and other vehicle parts suffer when moving on a bad road. But when the roads are good the vehicle’s parts function well over a good period of time
  11. Highways support development: Use of highways will affect virtually every economic activity of the environment. Hence, every rural community that is separated from others due to lack of motorable road will be economically challenged. For instance, highway construction that links Tibet Province in China plays an important role in Tibet’s development.
  12. Highway makes life better in various ways: such as reducing travel time for: Residents; workers; students; accessing health services; tourist centers and market places. It also reduce cost of travel by motorcycles and vehicles as well as reducing the transportation cost for industries thereby reducing production cost, while increasing passenger services and more importantly reducing traffic accidents. Indeed, highway brings significant improvements for man in many ways.

Having considered the above benefits of Highway construction, it is important that highway construction project should not be politicized. Political strategies that discriminate against highway in rural communities mostly in developing countries must be checked. Adequate fund provision for the project must not be undermined. Corruption in the part of government officials in awarding road projects must also be checked. The designs, construction and regulations of the highways and the vehicles used on them and the training of drivers and other road users may go a long way in making our highways safer for all of us.

 

Highway Construction: Panacea for Mass Poverty Reduction

Getty Image

A highway is a principal public or private road that links two or more cities, towns, villages and other places where people live or work together. A well-developed highway enhances connectivity between people, towns, communities and different places. The most possible effect of highway construction is its capability to increase economic benefits to national productivity and employment.

The notable advantage of highways is that they have the capacity to boost economic activities and to reduce poverty and the travel time to cities, villages, towns and different rural areas.

Although there is no gainsaying the fact that a huge number of people are living in abject poverty in most rural parts of the world, most especially in Asian and African countries, the notable factor for this high rate of poverty in these rural areas is due to the fact that a well-developed highway that links people to most rural areas is absent. Some even have poor roads that link people to the community such that during the rainy season they no longer become motorable, making it difficult if not impossible to access these communities or to carry out business activities there.

For instance, in the early months of this year I visited one of the rural areas of a state in my country. While visiting the place, I discovered there’s a point where the vehicle cannot move beyond; even the untarred road we plied to the place was not in good condition. Hence, the settlement is only accessible by motorcycle. However, in that rural area I discovered that there were different big farms owned by different farmers such as cocoa plantations, plantain plantations, orange plantations among others.

Since this location lacks a motorable road, it will be difficult if not impossible for the farmers to access the market place to sell their agricultural produce, likewise buyers cannot easily access the market place to buy the farm produce from the farmers. Hence, the harvested cash crops cannot be sold to get money and the major part of the crops get rotten, leading to labour waste and increase in the poverty level of the farmers. This among others is one of the ways in which lack of motorable road can affect the business activities of an area.

Truly speaking, industrial development and job creation often manifest as a result of quality of road transport in an environment. High quality road transport allows business activities to easily take place in a community.

Basic Factors for Road Transport Development

Free road construction Images, Pictures, and Royalty-Free Stock ... Virtually everyone makes use of road transport for one reason or the other to meet their needs. Roads that are poorly developed are dangerous to human life. Motorists plying poorly developed roads may create unwanted delays, congestion, pollution, rise in costs, and the most resultant effect of using poor roads is that it may lead to fatal accidents. Better developed road network will reduce costs and travel time, boost trade activities and improve general welfare. However, the following are the list of factors for road transport development:
  1. Adequate Planning: Roads that will increase quality and traffic safety demands adequate planning. It provides uniform traffic convenience.
  2. Distance: A location that is far removed from other places due to lack of motorable road may influence the construction and development of roads for easy accessibility.
  3. Political: Politicians can also influence or cancel road construction and development.
  4. Economic: Economic activities taking place in a particular area or settlement may enhance road development.
  5. Qualified Contractors: Experienced contractors with required equipment for successful implementation of the contract may encourage the desire for road development.
  6. Funding: Inadequate funding may lead to cancellation of road development.
Nevertheless, the notable effects of road development on economic, agricultural, and urban growth as well as poverty reduction in both rural and urban areas cannot be overemphasized. Image credited to :https://www.freeimages.com

Classes of Transport Operations in Overland Transportation

Increase in vehicle ownership has increased road traffic activities and the convenience for many people to travel at will at any time.  Transport operation provides great support to the national economy, quality of life, national defense, rural and urban development.  Proper management of road transport operations by the fleet manager is not only significant in saving the cost of operations, but also reduces the high accident rate that is likely caused by poor transport management. Road transport operations are determined by transport demand for different types of goods produced by different industries and the need for each individual to move from one area to another. However, efficient operations in road transportation is key to the growth and profitability of many industries in any given country. Nevertheless, here are the classes of road transport operations:
  1. Short Distance Transport Operation
  2. Long Distance Transport Operation
  3. National Transport Operation
  4. International Transport Operation.
  Short Distance Transport Operation This is the movement by road transportation within the region that is close to people or things.   Long Distance Transport Operation This is the movement by road transportation with spatial remoteness from one place to another. This is usually defined by travel time or the time spent to cover a particular journey i.e. (between origin and destination).   National Transport Operation This is the movement of people or things within the nation. The road transport operations within or across a country plays inevitable role in developing a nation. Therefore, national operation in road transportation is the road network or link within and beyond the boundaries of different states within a country.   International Transport Operation This refers to road transportation across the borders. The need for road transportation across the borders cannot be overemphasized when you consider the need for global economic expansion. Road transportation has been a major tool for expanding business activities across borders, mostly in African countries where the cost of taking a flight may be a serious challenge to small and medium business owners. Indeed, the economic growth between two or more neighbouring countries depends largely on international transport operations. This explains the thought of transport expert, Maciulis (2009), that ‘… Better transport infrastructure is the core element for business expansion.’ (p. 94)   In conclusion: Road transport operation is an inevitable part of our existence in the society; it has the potential to determine our lifestyle, our business locations, residential locations and our business activities at large. Undoubtedly, it is a potential means of developing a nation.    

Road Accident by Circumstance: A Negative Side for Road Users

Road accident is one of the major dangerous occurrences with great magnitude affecting the social and economic prosperity of a nation. The lives of many innocent road users have been lost in road accidents, many others sustained permanent injury while many others involved in road accidents suffered financial loss and damages. For instance, in 2013, about 54 million people in the world sustained injury from road accidents (Wikipedia). However, it is sad and important to know that road accidents are caused by human errors, yet there are motorists or drivers who were involved in road accidents caused by errors of other road users or motorists. Such are victims of accident by circumstance; they are the drivers that found themselves in road accidents beyond their control. These drivers are not at fault at any point in time, they did not overlook the traffic rules, and they are just victims of road accidents by the virtue of their presence at the scene of the accident caused by the error of someone else. Road rage exhibited by some motorists has caused many innocent drivers to be victims of road accident. It is painful and highly unacceptable to see an innocent driver who obeys traffic rules and also maintains safety consciousness while making use of the road to be a victim of road accident caused by another driver’s error. For instance, the statistics from National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Auto Vantage revealed that 66% of traffic fatalities are caused by aggressive driving. I use this medium to advise all motorists to be safety conscious and to think twice each time the need arises to make safety decisions while driving on the road, because it is morally unacceptable in any part of the world to make innocent, law abiding road users victims of road accident due to the error of another man. It is, therefore, much important to get home safely than to make an innocent man a victim of unwanted road accident.  

5 Features that make the use of Motorbike Popular

  The utility value for motorbike explains why millions of people around the world at large make use of motorcycles for their mobility. Its ability to access most rural areas with poor road infrastructures also explains the wide use of the two-wheel vehicle in our environment. However, the following are features that make a motorcycle full of fun: It is faster Some motorbikes are designed with exceptional speed that make them move faster on the road. In addition, the size of the motorcycle also makes it possible for the cyclists to manoeuvre their way out whenever there is traffic hold up. It is less expensive The price of purchasing a motorbike is less expensive when you compare it with the price of a car. The pride of owning a motorbike with lesser amount of money makes it popular. It is easy to maintain Purchasing a vehicle is not as important as maintaining it consistently. Maintaining a car is far more expensive than maintaining a motorcycle. Fuel management One of the benefits of using a motorcycle is that it consumes lesser fuel to cover a reasonable journey when you compare it with a motor vehicle, since it has greater fuel economy. Hence, many motorcyclists judiciously use their fuel to cover reasonably long journeys, and this is what motorcyclists enjoy when they make use of the two-wheel vehicle, they spend lesser amount of money on fuel. It is flexible The ability to use a motorcycle in different roads that are not motorable or accessible to other vehicles is another benefit of owning a motorcycle. The owner enjoys the ability to access different places that are difficult to access by car. US Department of Transportation revealed that the number of fatalities of vehicle per mile travelled was 37 times higher for motorbike than motor car. In other words, there’s high number of death in road accident involving motorbikes per mile covered, far more than motor cars. No matter how much fun a ride is, let it be known to you that you are not safe when you ride a bike, so don’t throw safety to the winds when you ride.

5 Features that make the use of Motorbike Dangerous

Related image Motorcycle or motorbike is a machine with two wheels that is used to move limited number of two people from one location to another with the attachment of small size space to carry goods. The risk associated with the use of motorcycles cannot be overemphasized, in fact, riding motorcycles on public roads is a great risk. For instance, the Department of Transportation in Illinois, USA, revealed in 2011 that there were 3,756 motorcycle crashes which claimed the lives of 145 motorcyclists while 3,020 cyclists were injured. The use of motorcycles is becoming more popular these days, most especially in Africa where millions of people who are financially unable to buy and maintain a car or vehicle buy a motorcycle for their mobility. ‘Easy to maintain’ as benefit of using a motorcycle and its flexibility also contribute to its wide use around the world. Several people in rural areas where good roads are not available, prefer the use of motorcycles because of its flexibility. Despite its popularity as a means of transport around the world, this is not enough to deny the fact that motorbike is the most dangerous overland transport that has claimed the lives of many people in road accidents while many others have sustained permanent injuries caused by motorbike accidents. However, here are the dangerous features of motorbikes: It exposes the users to any minor accident The use of motorbike lacks personal safety for the users; the users are exposed to any potential impact while they make use of the road. Any time there’s an accident, the motorbike operators have no visible object that can protect them in such a time. This explains why road accidents involving motorbikes are always serious if not fatal. It exposes the users to any form of severe weather conditions The users of motorbikes are also not protected from harsh weather conditions such as rain, hot weather, harmattan, violent wind, dust and fire. They are exposed to all kinds of weather conditions that can adversely affect their health. Unsuitable for family mobility Due to limited space for passengers, motorbike is not the best transport means for family mobility or a group of people. Overloading of passengers on a motorbike is dangerous. Motorbike an easy reach for thieves Men of the underworld often find it much easier to steal motorbikes with little time and effort. The cases of stolen motorbikes are more common these days than stolen vehicles. Aggressive motorists can easily override motorbike operators Since motorbike operators and motorists share the same road, hence, the motorbike operator’s right of using the road can be overridden with impunity by an angry motorist while using the road. So, oftentimes motorbikes are at the mercy of the motorist.  Conclusion Riding a motorbike can be fun and interesting but the personal safety of the user is more important. Riding a motorbike is not 100 per cent safe for the user, it is the most dangerous overland transport. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reveals that 80% of motorbike accidents result in either permanent injury or death. Therefore, when you ride, be safety conscious.

Plug-in Electric Vehicles Becoming More Popular

Image result for picture of plug in vehicle The electric vehicle is becoming more popular these days in developed countries. Most developed nations now allow and encourage the use of plug-in-electric vehicles instead of conventional vehicles that pollute the environment, for instance, the global successive sales of plug-in electric vehicles reached 5 million in 2018. (Wikipedia) Many users of electric vehicle find it more economical than the conventional vehicle which has high cost of maintenance. Here are some countries that allow the use of electric vehicles: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and United States. (Wikipedia) There is no gainsaying that, electric vehicles are used in many nations, though they are expensive, yet they are cost effective and easier to maintain than conventional vehicles and more importantly, they are safer for our environment.  
Electric cars being  charged with electric public charger

Electric Cars and Its Notable Benefits

  Electric cars are the vehicles that rely on rechargeable battery as source of energy instead of fuel as we have in the conventional car. Since the discovery and advent of electric cars, notable improvements have been made to make electric vehicles more efficient and suitable than the conventional car. It is also important to note that these days, there is an increase in the number of electric cars used in the world due to the huge benefits the users enjoy with electric vehicles. Benefits of Electric Automobile
  1. The operation cost is low because recharging a battery is cheaper when compared with the much money spent on fuel, engine oil, brake oil, etc. that are consumed by conventional vehicles.
  2. The maintenance cost is low when you compare it to conventional car with internal combustion engine.
  3. It is environmental friendly. The electric vehicle helps to reduce carbon emission into the air.
  4. It reduces the likely health problems that are often caused by petrol and diesel powered vehicles.
  5. Electric automobile is designed in the interest of road safety when you compare it to fuel or diesel powered vehicles, e.g. fire explosion.
  6. It reduces high dependence on imported diesel or petrol.
  7. The fully recharged battery may power the vehicle longer than refueling the conventional car.
  8. The electric car is more efficient than the conventional car.
Electric vehicles are efficient, ecological and also economical to use.  

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