Global Transport and Logistics

Transport and logistics from around the world.

Category: Uncategorized (Page 1 of 3)

Road traffic safety

“ROAD SAFETY AND MEDIA REPORTING Road traffic crashes are often covered in the media simply as events—not as a leading killer of people and an enormous drain on a country’s human, health and financial resources. By framing road safety as a health and development story, with data and in-depth information, journalists have the opportunity to affect the way these stories are told and potentially to help shift public behaviour and attitudes, influence policy and therefore contribute towards saving lives.” Source: WHO

“Road traffic safety refers to the methods and measures used to prevent road users from being killed or seriously injured. Typical road users include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, vehicle passengers, horse riders, and passengers of on-road public transport (mainly buses and trams).

Best practices in modern road safety strategy:

The basic strategy of a Safe System approach is to ensure that in the event of a crash, the impact energies remain below the threshold likely to produce either death or serious injury. This threshold will vary from crash scenario to crash scenario, depending upon the level of protection offered to the road users involved. For example, the chances of survival for an unprotected pedestrian hit by a vehicle diminish rapidly at speeds greater than 30 km/h, whereas for a properly restrained motor vehicle occupant the critical impact speed is 50 km/h (for side impact crashes) and 70 km/h (for head-on crashes).

— International Transport Forum, Towards Zero, Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach, Executive Summary page 19[1]

As sustainable solutions for all classes of road safety have not been identified, particularly low-traffic rural and remote roads, a hierarchy of control should be applied, similar to classifications used to improve occupational safety and health. At the highest level is sustainable prevention of serious injury and death crashes, with sustainable requiring all key result areas to be considered. At the second level is real-time risk reduction, which involves providing users at severe risk with a specific warning to enable them to take mitigating action. The third level is about reducing the crash risk which involves applying the road-design standards and guidelines (such as from AASHTO), improving driver behavior and enforcement”.

Source: Wikipidea

Railway Transport: A Major Source of Job Creation

There are several thousands of people, if not millions, in the world today who are jobless. An article was recently published by forbes.com on July 24, 2020 with the caption: ’30 Million are unemployed… in U.S…’ Another article published on July 24, 2020 by The New York Times reads: ‘About 30 Million Workers are Collecting Jobless Benefits’ In US. Hence, there is relative increase in the labour force in many nations around the world. In other words, there is high increase in the number of unemployed persons globally due to the Covid-19 pandemic, but the job creation to engage this increase in labour force is lagging behind in some of these nations, mostly in developing countries.

This writer believes that Covid-19, a global pandemic, will sooner or later be history, hence, the need for job creation becomes inevitable. The establishment of railway transportation as a source of job creation to cater for the teeming jobless youths is the main focus of this article. Apart from job creation, railway transport system can also accelerate economic development and consolidate the business activities within a nation.

Railway transport still remains the major source of job creation in any nation. The transport system employs people in thousands and also contributes to the economic development of any given nation. In fact, investment in rail transport network system can reduce the number of the unemployed and boost economic productivity. For better explanation, let us consider one or more countries here and examine the number of employees in each railway transport system of the countries.

China Railway Corporation

The China Railway transport system is known as China State Railway Group Co. Ltd. It is a state owned corporation where the Ministry of Finance performs the duties of shareholders and also chooses the board that manages the Corporation. The estimated employees is said to be 2 million people.

India Railway

India Railway network is said to move over 23 million passengers every day and it is said to be the 4th largest network in the world. The railway employed 1.23 million people as at 2019.

Egyptian Railway

The Egyptian Railway transport system transports 1.4 million people daily and it is said to employ 86,000 people.

Germany Railway

The railway transport system in Germany provides safety and quality service for its numerous passengers. For instance, in 2006, the railway transport moved passengers close to 119, 698, 000 on its long-distance train while on short-distance journey the trains moved 2, 091, 828, 000 passengers in the same year by Deutsche Bahn company.

However, the government-owned railway company, Deutsche Bahn, had 323,900 staff in 2019 while as at 2018, the number of staff were 318,500. Despite this huge number of staff in Deutsche Bahn as one may imagine, it was discovered that the company lacked adequate service staff personnel in 5, 213 passenger stations across the country. This simply suggests that railway transport system is indeed, a major source of job creation.

Without any element of doubt, it is clear that railway transport provides thousands of jobs to people. The transport system has the potential to reduce high rate of unemployment in a nation.

7 factors that determine the height of airplanes above the sea level

An aircraft flying in the sky

An aircraft flying in the sky

It is not arguable that the pilots in the cabin direct the airplane in the sky, but they never determine the height at which the plane must fly above the sea level, the route which the plane flies and the track or the passage for the plane to travel. The air dispatchers perform all these functions and here are factors that determine the height at which the plane flies into the sky:
  1. The type of airplane.
  2. The distance to a desired destination.
  3. The type of the engine in the plane.
  4. The strength of the prevailing wind.
  5. The weight of the plane.
  6. The aviation law.
  7. The flight dispatchers.
The flight progress upward into the sky must be done with safety in view.

BETWEEN CAR OWNERSHIP AND MOST NECESSARY THINGS YOU MUST KNOW

Image result for picture showing car maintenance It is not enough to be an owner of a car without knowing the most necessary things that can keep your car safe for yourself and for other road users. Hence, the saying: ‘A safe car saves lives’. However, here are the most necessary tips you need to know to keep your vehicle safe while using the road:
  1. You must check your car fluids regularly.
To keep your car functioning properly you must ensure that adequate fluids are in your car. These fluids include Power Steering Fluid, Windshield Washer Fluid, Engine Oil and Brake Fluid.
  1. You must change your car air filter when due.
Don’t try to get your vehicle engine dirty by refusing to change the air filter when due. A dirty engine may cause you unwanted expenses, therefore, it is advisable to change the air filter after every 6 months.
  1. You must be sure that your car headlamps and tail lamps are working properly.
Malfunctioning of headlamps and tail lamps may pose a serious danger to the owner and other road users.
  1. You must not take your tyre safety for granted.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) revealed that more than 400 people lose their lives and 78 000 accidents occur every year due to tyre failures or blowouts.
  1. You must not take your car brake for granted.
A vehicle without a brake is the most dangerous vehicle on the road. Many people have lost their lives while many others sustained permanent injuries due to brake failure.
  1. You must make your vehicle available for routine maintenance.
The cost of routine car maintenance may be high and it may discourage you but a fatal accident due to poor maintenance of your car will cost you more. In other words, losing your precious life due to poor maintenance of your car is a costly mistake you need to avoid.
  1. You must find a good and reliable mechanic.
A good routine car maintenance starts with a good and reliable mechanic. The safety of your car largely depends on your ability to find a good and a reliable mechanic. A dishonest mechanic may pose a serious danger to the safety of your car. In conclusion, never take the safety condition of your car for granted. It is high time all motorists took the responsibility to make our roads safer by ensuring that their cars are in good safety condition while making use of the road. A car as it were was invented and made for our own advantage and since then, the use of cars has become a valuable asset to the society. Therefore, the need to make our roads safer through a safe vehicle is not negotiable.

5 Longest Notable Highways in the World

Part of Pan-America Highway

Part of Pan-America Highway

Highway is the major road that connects cities, towns, communities and villages in a given environment. It is usually used for the effective and safe transportation of people and goods over a long distance. Before a highway is constructed in an area, there are factors that are being considered such as expected traffic flow, pavement thickness, intersection or interchange design, maintenance, economic and social benefits, environmental impact assessment, and safety among others. However, here are the five notable highways in the world:
  1. The Pan-American Highway
People believe that this highway is the longest in the world. For instance, Wikipedia wrote that the network of the highway in North America is close to 48, 000 km in length. The highway cuts across nations, towns and communities. The highway is a major road network that links two continents: North America and South America together, thereby cutting across different countries such as US, Canada, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama in North America while in South America it links Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Chile and Argentina. The Pan-American Highway is about 15,000 miles.
  1. Australia’s Highway 1
Australia is not just a nation but a continent on its own. Since a highway stands as a major road network linking communities or towns together in an environment, hence, the Australia Highway 1 plays this specific role linking major state capitals across the nation. The Australia Highway 1 connects all the states in Australia from Capital Territory to New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and Tasmania. The total length of the Highway 1 is estimated to be 14,500 km which is about 9,000 miles. It is known to be the longest national highway in the world.
  1. Trans-Siberian Highway in Russia
Russia is a very large and developed country with one of the longest highways in the world. The highway covers not less than 10,000 kilometres from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok and is popularly known as the Trans-Siberian Highway, although the name is yet to be acknowledged by the authorities. The said highway is made up of different roads which include: M10 Russia highway; M5 Ural highway; Irtysh highway; Siberia highway; Baikal highway; Amur highway; and Ussuri highway.
  1. Trans-Canada Highway in Canada
It is a national highway in Canada that passes through the 10 provinces of Canada, with a length of 7,821 km which is about 4,860 miles. The Trans-Canada Highway is usually abbreviated to TCH or T-Can. The national highway passes through major cities such as: Victoria, Vancouver, Abbotsford, Calgary, Edmonton, Regina, Saskatoon, Winnipeg, Thunder Bay, Greater Sudbury, Peterborough, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec City, Charlottetown, Fredericton, Moncton, Sydney, and St. John’s.
  1. The Golden Quadrilateral Highway in India
This is national highway in India with 5,846 kilometres which is about 3,633 miles road network that links 4 major Indian metropolitan cities. This explains why it was named Golden Quadrilateral, these cities are: Delhi (North), Chennai (South), Kolkata (East) and Mumbai (West). The highway is the largest road project completed in India and the 5th longest highway in the world. It is also important to note that the GQ highway links all the 13 states in India and it is only the national highway in India. The importance of the highway cannot be overemphasized. Apart from the fact that it provides smooth and faster transport links to cities, ports, industries, India’s cultural centres among others, it also boosts industrial development and job creation. The GQ provides access or connection to the following major cities in India which include: New Delhi, Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer (Rajasthan); Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar (Gujarat); Mathura, Varanasi, Agra, Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh); Mumbai and Pune (Maharashtra); Bangalore (Karnataka); Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh); Chennai (Tamil Nadu); Bhubaneswar (Orissa), Kolkata (West Bengal), etc.
Electric cars being  charged with electric public charger

Electric Cars and Its Notable Benefits

  Electric cars are the vehicles that rely on rechargeable battery as source of energy instead of fuel as we have in the conventional car. Since the discovery and advent of electric cars, notable improvements have been made to make electric vehicles more efficient and suitable than the conventional car. It is also important to note that these days, there is an increase in the number of electric cars used in the world due to the huge benefits the users enjoy with electric vehicles. Benefits of Electric Automobile
  1. The operation cost is low because recharging a battery is cheaper when compared with the much money spent on fuel, engine oil, brake oil, etc. that are consumed by conventional vehicles.
  2. The maintenance cost is low when you compare it to conventional car with internal combustion engine.
  3. It is environmental friendly. The electric vehicle helps to reduce carbon emission into the air.
  4. It reduces the likely health problems that are often caused by petrol and diesel powered vehicles.
  5. Electric automobile is designed in the interest of road safety when you compare it to fuel or diesel powered vehicles, e.g. fire explosion.
  6. It reduces high dependence on imported diesel or petrol.
  7. The fully recharged battery may power the vehicle longer than refueling the conventional car.
  8. The electric car is more efficient than the conventional car.
Electric vehicles are efficient, ecological and also economical to use.  

5 Safety Tips for Your Car Tyre

Destroyed blown out tire with exploded, shredded and damaged tire on a modern automobile. damaged truck rubber after tire explosion at high speed. Damaged flat tires: old car. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reveals that over 700 people die every year in road accidents caused by tyre failure. In addition, The National Transportation Safety Board reveals that more than 500 people die while about 19,000 people are injured every year in auto crashes related to tyre failure.However, as motorist here are the safety tips you need to know:
  1. Do not delay to replace your tyre, if it is worn out
  2. Reduce your speed during rain or wet weather
  3. Do not overload your vehicle
  4. Carry out regular checks on your vehicle alignment
  5. Check your tyre pressure at least twice in a month and more importantly before a long journey.
All motorists are advised through this platform to take the issue of tyre safety more serious.  

3 Reasons the High Rate of Carnages and Deaths caused by Haulage Trucks is Worrisome

Many people of high caliber and prominent men of worthy character in Nigeria have lost their lives or died young in road accidents involving all kind of haulage trucks. In 2015, a haulage truck caring unlatched container fell on a bus in Illishan, killing 11 occupants that were students of Olabisi Onabanjo University, (OOU), Ogun State and the driver of the said bus. It is also interesting to note that properties worth millions, if not billions, were destroyed in different locations across the country in accidents caused by haulage trucks. For instance, in 2015, not less than 21 vehicles, 44 shops, and 3 houses were thoroughly destroyed by a fire accident caused by a petrol tanker that fell off the bridge in Iyana Ipaja area of Lagos-State. If one single petrol tanker accident destroyed such amount of properties, you can imagine what 2 or more petrol tanker accidents could do to the society. This may probably explain to you why sharing the road with articulated vehicles or petrol tankers still remain worrisome in the heart of many people. According to former Corps Marshall of Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) Mr. Osita Chidoka, road accident involving tanker drivers and road haulage trucks between January and March 2009 were 2,119 accidents and 301 deaths. The fact that this happened in 3 months is shocking. With this report, it means on the average there were 23 accidents every day and not less than 3 lives were lost every day. In addition, in 2015, the Corps Marshall of FRSC, Boboye Oyeyemi, at a stakeholder’s summit noted that in 2013, a total of 21,199 vehicles were involved in crashes in which 1, 495 were tankers or trailer related. However, from the above given statistics by Corps Marshalls, it is clearly noticeable that the rising road accidents involving tanker drivers and haulage trucks and the recorded deaths from these accidents are increasingly worrisome. Nevertheless, there are 3 reasons why high rate of accident involving petrol tankers and haulage trucks couple with high rate of deaths from these avoidable accidents remain worrisome to road users, however, here are the reasons:
  1. Near-absence of both commercial and government driving school for articulated vehicles and tanker drivers.  
Training is very important for all haulage and tanker drivers, most especially those that haul hazardous materials that demand special handling skills. In addition, haulage trucks use compressed air brake system that requires additional training and basic knowledge of proper maintenance, otherwise it will be difficult for truckers to operate such vehicles properly. Why? It is because the manner of applying brake in air brake system is quite different from common hydraulic brake system. In fact, in some developed countries you are not allowed to drive any haulage truck that uses air pressure brake system without additional training and license to operate such vehicles. However, since there isn’t enough reputable training schools for tanker drivers and truckers hence, most of them end up being trained by their master (i.e. senior driver) who may also be clueless. Consequently, we have many truck drivers who do not know simple traffic rules and road signs.
  1. An unusual life-style of some truck drivers.
Personally, as an individual, I keep wondering about the lifestyle of some of the truck and haulage drivers. Some of them prefer to be on the road for more than 24 hours probably to make more money. In other words, when it is time for them to rest they hardly go to their houses to rest. They prefer to sleep on the road, buy food on the road and when they are sick they buy drugs from drug hawkers instead of going to hospital or a reputable pharmacy store to get good drugs. And at times they engaged in self medications. In addition, some of these truckers see alcoholic drinks as a normal drink for refreshment; hence, you see them moving around with bottles of alcohol or alcohol sachet; painfully enough, they see it as normal lifestyle for them to drink alcohol before driving. What a misconception! Hence, you see many of them driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs. This is highly worrisome. More so, high level of indiscipline coupled with wrong attitude towards public safety and trespass or infringement on the right of other motorists are also responsible for high rate of accident involving tanker and haulage drivers. All of these are undesirable lifestyle common among tanker and haulage drivers.
  1. Poor safety consciousness on the part of truck owners and truck drivers.
Every time I travel through Lagos-Ibadan expressway I always marvel at my observations: if you travel on the said expressway you will see quite a number of haulage truck accidents. At times you see trucks fall on the road like a piece of paper. At times you will see 2 or more trailers entering the bush probably as a result of brake failure or the driver sleeping behind the wheel. I wonder if all these trucks are properly maintained before they are used and I also wonder if all these truckers are safety conscious. Truly speaking, lack of safety consciousness among the truck and tanker drivers is highly worrisome. Furthermore, it also baffles me when I see unlatch containers dangerously placed on an articulated vehicles, and the driver moves such vehicle freely on the road without being checked by the traffic regulatory agencies such as the Police, the FRSC and the State Vehicle Inspection Office. A significant number of road accidents on our roads are caused by unlatched containers that fell off the trucks. For instance, on July 12, there was an accident involving a petroleum tanker which crushed 3 cars, not less than 100 people died in that accident in Okogbe area of Rivers State. On Christmas Day in 2013 a woman with her 4 children and 5 other people were killed when a container fell on a stationary commuter bus at Alaba Suru, in Lagos. In addition, on May 21, 2014, the brake of a truck carrying unlatched container failed and the container fell on a moving bus at Toyota Bus-Stop on Oshodi-Apapa expressway, Lagos; no death was recorded from the incident but the drivers were seriously injured. More so, on September 3, 2015, a truck carrying a container fell on Ojuelegba Bridge on Funsho Williams Avenue in Lagos and landed on a Sport Utility Vehicle, (SUV), 3 people died in this sad accident. All the above given accidents probably would have been avoidable accidents if safety was fully considered by the truckers before they embarked on the journey. Really, if we all see road safety as our top priority and inevitable responsibility of all road users, then catalogue of accidents and deaths on our road transport system will definitely reduce. Without any element of doubt, poor safety attitude on the part of the truck drivers has increased the rate of accident on our roads. Nonetheless, it is important to note that the number of registered vehicles operating on Nigerian roads is increasing day by day. It is also noted, that not less than 7 million registered vehicles are currently operating on Nigerian roads (Source: FRSC). This shows that the majority of Nigerians rely much more on road transport system for their mobility needs. A senior rank officer in FRSC, Mr. Lukan U. Ukpi, stated that road transport accounted for over 75% of mobility needs in Nigeria. More so, lack of effective rail transport system and high cost of travel by air transport have increased much pressure on road transport system in Nigeria and as a result of this, hardly will you see a day growing old without occurrence of road accident on our national roads. Since majority of Nigerians depend on road transportation for their mobility, hence, there is an urgent need to tackle the high rate of accident and death caused by haulage trucks and petroleum tankers. Government should encourage and establish more driving schools for trucks and haulage drivers; the unusual life style of truck drivers should also be checked; minimum safety standard and appropriate sanction for default must not be compromised. These among others are the ways to reduce catalogue of unwanted accidents and avoidable deaths caused by haulage trucks and tanker drivers on our roads, otherwise, sharing roads with them may be hellish.

5 Most Notable Factors that can affect Truck Fleet Operations

Related image picture showing traffic congestion. Source: chron.com It is an undoubted fact that road transportation plays a notable role in nation building. A well-developed road transportation is a testimony and quality of a developed nation. An industry that has a fleet of vehicles operating within its community or city is a mark of a successful enterprise. In all ramifications, road transportation is important to individuals, an organization or an industry and to a nation, at large. In logistics, the importance of road transportation cannot be over-emphasized; an improper management of vehicle fleet has a great negative impact on logistics industry’s productivity as well as the customer service. Since customers are the life wire of any business, hence, poor customer service due to improper fleet management in an organization, a logistics industry or any transport service provider is a bid toward the extinction of such an organization. Therefore, looking at the factors that can affect the smooth operation of vehicle fleet is a justification for this article. Hence, below are the factors: 1. Congestion: Unnecessary long delay due to traffic congestion will increase travel time of a vehicle thereby causing a late delivery of goods. 2. Government Policy: Restrictions may be placed on particular trucks to ply a certain road. 3. Increase in Fuel Price: This may cause shortage of fuel thereby affecting the transport smooth operation. It can also increase the cost of transport, therefore, causing low patronage. 4. Poor Fleet Maintenance: This may cause a down-time and this will definitely affect transport operations. 5. Poor Communication: Good and effective communication leads to effective cooperation, understanding obligations and reduce unnecessary mistakes at the work-place. Poor communication, however, proves otherwise to these benefits.

10 Most Notable Benefits of the Integrated Transport Systems

Related image

Integrated Transportation (Source:Wikipedia)

The Integrated transport system is the  integration of different modes of transport in order to increase the efficiency of these modes by complementing one another with the aim of increasing the economic and social benefits. It’s a better way of moving people, goods and services without relying on a single mode of transportation e.g. road transportation. These transport modes are expected to complement one another by functioning together as a single important transport system. The Integrated transport system deals in best practice methodologies, managing physical and operating with the needed skills for better performance in which each mode is interconnected and the connection is highly unified including ticketing, scheduling, amongst others. However, the following are the benefits of the integrated transport system: 1. It reduces unhealthy competitions while encourages free and healthy competitions 2. It is a means of perfect transportation by using all modes of transportation harmoniously as a single system to provide transport services. 3. It enhance effective use of all transportation modes 4. It is cost efficient 5. The system is environmental friendly when you compare it with each mode operated independently. 6. It enhances capacity, reliability and safety when you compare it with operating each mode independently 7. It is aimed at satisfying customer’s i.e. (passengers) needs as efficiently as possible. 8. The system has the capacity to achieve greater productivity and economy 9. It creates no room for unnecessary gaps. Every mode is efficiently used. 10. It creates unity and cooperation among transport industries.

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