The people’s attitudes and perceptions towards long distance trips by rail are important in determining potential passengers. Also, they are capable of creating either positive or negative impact on rail transport. These days, mostly in Europe,railway transport companies provide both national and international long distance transport services to their potential passengers. Therefore, traveling a long distance by rail becomes unique and the attitudinal behavior of people toward long distance journeys by rail becomes a major factor in determining the sustainability of long distance journeys by rail and the prosperity of rail transport companies engaging in long distance trips. Without any element of doubt, long distance trips by rail and the rate at which people use the train for their long distance trips are increasingly growing these days as more affordable mode to either of road or air transport. The value and the importance of long distance trips by rail transport cannot be overlooked; it connects different towns, villages and cities and many markets along the route together to produce greater revenue. Despite the importance of long trip rail transport, it is important to know that the belief and the perception of the people can affect the demand for long distance rail trips both positively and negatively. There are factors that can determine the attitude of passengers toward long distance rail transport. Such factors are: Safety Accessibility Affordability Convenience Comfort security Safety: This is one of the major factors that can affect the attitude of passengers. Potential passengers must be sure that they are safe from harm or danger when engaging in a long distance trip by train. They must have confidence that the service providers are conscious of their safety throughout the journey. You can imagine what the attitude of passengers would be if the train they are traveling on a distance trip is stuck down for two days in the middle of the journey, probably, in a thick forest where they are not close to any town or village. Such an experience will surely discourage passengers to travel by rail, especially during along distance trip. Accessibility: It’s important to note that long distance rail trips provide access to many cities, towns, villages and market places. This will likely encourage people to choose the train for their trips and more importantly, rail transport itself must be easily accessible by potential passengers; people must find it possible to choose the train for their trips. If the rail transport is not easily accessible then it will not be attractive or possible for passengers to choose the train for their longer trips. Affordability: The use of transport cannot be neglected either by individuals or organizations. More importantly, nations can’t afford to neglect transport in its economy. These explain why transport is important and why it must be easily affordable to everyone. Rail transport must be cost effective; people must be able to choose the train for their long distance trips without having serious problem to pay for it. If many people are unable to afford train transport for their needs due to high rate of transport fare, this may discourage many potential passengers. However, it’s interesting to note that, till date, railway transport still provides more avoidable service to the public when you compare it to other modes of transport. Convenience: Rail transport companies must ensure that people choosing the train for their long distance trips must be free from any form of stress. Transport companies must add features to the train that will make long distance trips luxurious. A train traveling on a long distance, probably for two days, is expected to have vital features that will reduce the burden of the passengers in such a long distance trip. It is also interesting to note that most trains used for distance journeys have many features to make such long trips stress free. Comfort: For instance, a train on an international trip moving from Moscow in Russia to Pyongyang in North Korea will have to spend at least 206 hours to cover 10,267 kilometers. This means between Moscow and Pyongyang a train is expected to spend not less than 8 days, wherefore, passengers in such a long distance trip may feel worry, be upset and frighten during the journey. As a result of this, the number of passengers on long distance trips may be reduced. Therefore, every rail transport company must do everything possible to make every long distance trip an enjoyable experience for all passengers on board. Rail transport providers must ensure that passengers are content with regard to their well-being throughout the journey. All passengers must enjoy all the comfort they deserve; even their seats must be designed for comfort. A dissatisfied passenger may be dangerous. However, the railway transport companies should ensure that their passengers are comfortable throughout all journeys. Security: The fear of rap, terrorist attack, armed robbery and other forms of crime may discourage people mostly female passengers from choosing the rail transport for their long distance trips. Therefore, measures must be taken by service providers to guard against any form of attack or crime during trips. Adequate security must not be neglected to ensure that people are free from fear and anxiety during their journeys. Nevertheless, choosing rail transport for long distance journey is good; therefore the rail transport service providers must continue to guide the belief and perception of their passengers by providing them quality services that are free from any form of danger or harm.